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Hi Chioma
I tried to answer your questions below. If you have any more questions please ask. You are helping think deeper and more.


1. What is CMDRR?


CMDRR stands for Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction. It is a Resilience Building Framework, which emphasizes the dynamics and interconnections of ecosystem, climate change and disaster risk reduction. Climate change brought about changes in weather patterns often translated into hazards such as storms and floods. The starting point in CMDRR is always a hazard.


2. What is the first aspect of this idea that you would like to focus on?


The first focus of this idea is to roll out the CMDRR approaches within the target community and local stakeholders and facilitate its implementation and sustainability through a strong community based structures (CMDRR Committees) and alignment to local development plans through Sustainable Urban Development Tools that employs multi-stakeholder process.


3. What are the steps you would take to get started?
Preparation steps:


• Develop the idea in to a comprehensive project plan based on feed backs from the community, Amplify experts and local stakeholders (government, knowledge institutions and CBOs/NGOs);

• Agree with Amplify, local charities regulating body and Adama City Municipality on the conditions, roles and inputs to implement the idea or the project plan;

• Hire an overall Coordinator and a local coordinator attached to Adama municipality - that will coordinate training and document the process and the achievements; provide technical support to CMDRR committees, manage the multi-stakeholder process.
CMDRR training & implementation steps:


A. Training of Stakeholders: Train local stakeholders (target community, government & knowledge institutions, local CBOs and NGOs with the same agenda) on CMDRR approaches:

  
  
B. Conduct Participatory Disaster Risk Assessment (PDRA): Urban Disaster Risk Assessment proposal that employ PDRA tools will be designed and implemented in target areas of Adama town.



C. Develop Resilient Community Action Plan (RCAP): At this stage, Kebele level facilitation of communities to identify measures that reduce negative impacts of anticipated hazard and develop a participatory resilience plan will be made i.e. adaptation and mitigation measures that include physical (e.g. infrastructure) and biological (urban eco-system management & restoration). 


D. Put in Place Organizational Mechanism at Community Level: Trained/sensitized community members in the target vulnerable slum areas will be mobilized and supported to form community structure (CMDRR Committee) at each Kebele (lower administrative unit) to implement community managed resilience plan, advocate for their interest and cooperate with other stakeholders in the resilience building process. The CMDRR Committee members will be supported through this.

E. Mobilizing Resources for Community Resilience: CMDRR Committees will be guided and encouraged to mobilize resources for their DRR plan, from the community and other partners. The first focus will be from the community in such form as service or labor. CMDRR Committees will also supported to network and mobilize resources to meet identified gaps & needs from local non-governmental and faith based organizations, government and the private sector.


F. Participatory DRR Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (PMEL): Following implementation of Community DRR plan, facilitation will be made to nurture community self-learning where communities reflect and take appropriate action. 

G. Documenting and Sharing CMDRR experiences through M&E and learning process.  Lessons will be captured in to information materials and learning resources and will be shared with other organizations to develop partnerships and mobilize resources.


4. How do envision using Amplify support?


All the above mentioned processes and activities need financial inputs. Therefore, if this idea become one of the winners, the financial award from Amplify will be used to acquire skills, conduct trainings and workshops, purchase material inputs, coordination and logistic costs etc. The financial procedures of Cordaid and other possible conditions from Amplify will be followed. The activity and the amount of support will also be open to beneficiaries and agreement will be reached with local government and subject to their control. Any possible modality of support from Amplify is welcome for discussion.



5. The second focus will be facilitating how Resilient Community Action Plan (RCAP) to factor in the government mandated Local Development Plans (LDP) through Sustainable Urban Development Tool (SUDT) and Alliance for Sustainable Urban Change (ASUC), which is a multi-stakeholder process. I can send you the detail if it is not clear in the previously submitted idea.

Thank you for your valid and important comment.

Cordaid always work bottom up in a participatory way with some differences from city to city depending on the local context. We supported the urban poor by engaging other stakeholders, and we always build from what is already exists and believe that the residents themselves are the actors of change and support them to improve. Urban poverty is concentrated in slum settlements and remains acute and is characterized by high vulnerability to effects of climate change, limited opportunity, inequitable access and control over resources & services and limited ability to impact decision-making. A deeper analysis of urban poverty and vulnerability leads to a particular focus on women heading households, which constitute more than 50% of the households in slums and who are highly dependent upon urban spaces and services for their livelihoods. As you rightly commented, these groups are the ones with creative solutions and adaptation methods and this justifies focus on empowerment and advocacy. In par with this, the primary purpose of the toolbox and the alliance will be to facilitate supply side advocacy (through technical capacity building measures to the duty bearers), and at the same time facilitating multi-stakeholder process and governance structure that empower the right holders (slum dwellers) and other stakeholders in the private and public sectors, so that their needs and interests will inform the technical capacity building process and influence decision making. We know Cities Alliance very well and are currently discussing on renewing our partnership with the Directors in Brussels. As you quite interestingly proposed, the cities alliance's approach of negotiated urban development is highly valid. Historically, Ethiopian cities developed organically and slum settlements are distributed over the urbanized areas including the highly exposed peripheral areas such hill sides and river banks. Making the poor part of the slum re-development process is no easy thing and calls for negotiated development approach with the 'win-win‘ results. The idea that slum areas could simultaneously be re-developed and significantly address local issues of poverty & vulnerability – masked the reality that benefits and costs of making the slum poor part of the urban development varied widely over time and space and between different groups. In addition to the technical training, the toolbox and the alliance will focus on one of the central challenges of co-development/ management: how to define and negotiate responsibility, entitlements and lost opportunities among a diverse group with very different values, knowledge and power. Cordaid will play a neutral broker role through the Alliance for Sustainable Urban Change (ASUC). As with ASUC and co-management, the essential role of institutions and legitimacy of governance arrangements will be key variables. In negotiating trade-offs, ACUC will stress the problems of the discrepancies of power, the inadequacy of monetary calculations to measure value, the challenges of bridging inconsistent approaches of specialists, policymakers and practitioners and addressing the differences between and among communities and governments.

Teshome Shibru,