Coming from a third world country were recycling has never been really looked at as an issue, waste is also a major problem when it comes to harboring germs and bugs that are the cause to so many diseases. So I would like to add a cultural aspect to the role of recycling in those countries. Recycling is not part of the cultural norm and hence not really in the mindset of many people. And the lack of proper recycling infrastructures makes it worse because as a result there is no motivations too recycle.
So in this case, I would recommend working on a solution that aims at tackling the cultural aspect to recycling, while developing an infrastructure that will complement such a mindset by encouraging recycling.