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Thanks William, 
yes,we should exchange email, mine is

Africa is experiencing rapid social and economic growth. Many economies are growing by
more than 6% a year, however, large disparities in income distribution persist both within and
among countries. As a result, rural households seek to escape poverty by engaging in market oriented
farming but with limited success due
to lack of innovative solutions to production
and marketing constraints. Ironically,
educational services have expanded
considerably in Africa without due
consideration of the quality of education
offered, or the skills match with employment
opportunities in rural areas. This has resulted in
the paradox whereby a large number of
graduates ill equipped to be absorbed into
employment upon graduation co-exists with
unfilled vacancies and business opportunities in
small- and medium-scale enterprises – an ugly
duality. The formal sectors of employment
where most graduates seek employment cannot
absorb the large number of graduates, estimated
to be between 10 to 12 million young persons
per year (AGRA 2015; AEO, 2012), resulting
in a large number of educated yet unemployed
youth, whose efforts are otherwise key to
achieving rural transformation. As a result,
high-potential rural youth remain idle across Africa because incentives to substantially better
one’s life through hard work are too scarce. In response, many youth migrate to urban centers
in search of employment, but find only menial jobs at best, as well as exposure to a wide range
of social ills at worst, depriving rural communities of their most energetic and best educated
According to a recent ILO study (Elder, 2015), which analyzed trends in rural youth employment in Sub-Sahara
Africa, found that youth working in agriculture mainly operate in small, unincorporated
family businesses as self-employees or as contributing family workers without pay. In other
words, in vulnerable employment. The Good News is that the Attitudes towards entrepreneurship among
young people are positive in Africa than the majority of the rest of the world. Of the ten
(10) countries with the highest numbers of start-ups, five (5) are in Africa (Global
Entrepreneurship Monitor). What does this say about Africa? It shows that Africa’s
innovators are hungry for the kind of success that makes a meaningful difference to their
lives and the wider community. It is often the case, however, that the greatest hurdle to
realizing ambition is access to capital. Despite the region’s economic growth, its capital
markets are not mature; banks are reluctant to lend to those without a credit history and An obvious solution is through stimulating income-generating rural enterprises based
upon the energies and development of skills of youth. All promising pathways entail reaching the youth
in ways that build their skills and offer incentives to remain within the rural workforce. Also important is the need to reverse the misconception that the youth
cannot contribute positively to rural transformation and should remain engaged in
inefficient family farms. A comprehensive approach to increasing farm income through
greater productivity, access to markets, market intelligence, and revitalized rural industries
that all create employment is needed. All statements on poverty reduction in Africa
reflect this view. The challenge is to develop a comprehensive program that reaches out to
youth, inspires positive attitudes among them, promotes necessary sets of farming and
agribusiness skills and creates a setting where youth can contribute to, become recognized and
thrive within their rural communities. other challenge is how youth could change their mindset for sharping their future!
The importance of mindset change by educated rural youth must be understood
within the context of their aspirations and frustrations. These youth were the best of
their class throughout schooling and praised for their cleverness and potential.
Their families sacrificed to pay for their education and they were often the first in
their families and communities to earn a university degree. After graduation, their
attempts to secure white collar employment failed, forcing them to accept
menial employment or return to their family farms. On the farms they work in the
garden every morning for a few hours and then socialize at local market centers in
resigned idleness. Past praise and potential are replaced by humiliation and situational
depression. The first step in mindset change is to position youth to convince one
another that they have merely suffered a temporary setback and their brighter
future rests in acquiring the skills and teamwork needed for successful contribute to this,I created SMART YOUTH ASSOCIATION FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT,as future generation engaged in agribusiness based on bringing solutions to existing problems for farmers. our basic identified problem is the complexity of food and nutrition insecurity. 

Hello William Lanier ,thanks for your question. according to my article 13 of innovation principles which indicates that when there is a problem facing a community,it means an opportunity to someone who can bring solutions! lack of  low cost appropriate post harvest technologies is a big challenge for farmers in East spent their energy on agricultural practices from primary tillage up to market,the main challenge behind that is the post harvest loss in terms of quality and quantity of their products,the development of grain moisture testing models(low cost ,adoptive to climate change) to prevent post harvest loss like aflatoxin  is basic factor for food preservation and transformation of agricultural value chain.reason why its development would be a skill youth could use to assure house hold and food nutrition security and improve quality of produce based on market,and create employment for youth.for example development  of appropriate large cabinet solar dryer for drying fruits and vegetables could increase value to the products and increase the shelf life ofthe products and contribute to economic growth of the owner and create job opportunity for others.
The most important thing is the development of the knowledge of this business
opportunity as well as their models
for profitability generation ,which are still
weak  for some youth. Strategies and policies to strengthen them
must be developed and facilitated by technician and experts.