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Dear Alejandra,

Thanks, yes.... I am aware of Mingoola and some other activities..... However, in order to be/become sustainable, most rural communities need economic diversification because their agricultural activities are becoming larger scale and less labor intensive.... Therefore one of my main targets is to connect the countryside to "co-working" based modern remote employment (and education) as one of the pillars of such diversification.

Kind Regards,

Hans van Nieuwkerk

Dear Claudia,

Thank you for your reply. Although I currently focus on the synergy between refugee integration and rural revitalization in Europe, most of the conceptual frameworks I developed are universal and can be adapted to almost any situation.

For your context I think that my Universal Basic Employment framework may be of interest to have a look at. It converts "welfare money" (if available), which requires solidarity of a population to give it, into "basic income" based on a contribution to society, which in principle generates solidarity. (see: and

Kind Regards,

Hans van Nieuwkerk

Dear Arsene,

My apologies to answer you in English because my French is unfortunately not good enough to do so.

I fully agree with you that the best bridge between humans are the humans themselves. Actually my Refival approach is fully based on this and if you have a look at my presentations about cultural globalization ( and cultural adaptation ( you will likely find some recognition.

Practically seen, this type of initiative is of course much easier to enable in a stable and rich environment such as Europe, than in an unstable and relatively poor environment such as DRC. However, the principles do not change and are universal and can be implemented anywhere.

My main argument for Refival is that in case of displacement one has to optimize the synergy between guest and host at the location that provides shelter to refugees (no other option) but that in case of "voluntary" migration one must first prepare oneself in order to establish a fit and a properly optimized future Interaction with people at one's destination.

To give a very simple example. Displaced people have no chance to, in advance, learn the language of their host/destination; migrants potentially do. This means that one must ask the question where to prepare oneself and in the case of many African migrants currently crossing the sea to Europe in a dangerous dinghy, this can most probably much better be done in Africa, based on investing in people at home (assumption: rich countries need to pay for/invest in educating the migrants they want to employ). I call this remote apprenticeship ( page 9). It should provide safe paths for migration and reduce the need/pressure for irregular migration because of creating legal entry options. This same principle is also valid between African countries in my opinion.

The "burden" (there is no burden, all human beings are entitled to be part of/share the world's resources/social capacity) of displaced people/refugees should in my opinion be shared by all humans that are "better off" and should not be concentrated in fragile (mostly neighboring) countries, thus spreading the problems displacement generates.

I very much believe in compassion, which in my opinion means to share what one has been given as a surplus; I do not believe much in pity where in the end two are suffering. What I want to say with this is that fragile communities must be supported to become less fragile through receiving external help from those who are able to give help. This also enables rule of law and justice in fragile environments in my opinion.

I hope my reply fits to your comments.

Kind Regards,

Hans van Nieuwkerk