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Thank you for the feedback. It is very useful.
I checked the BIA website and I like the Branch of Agriculture and Rangeland Development's oversight and technical assistance on eight thematic areas. We will definitely learn from that in the implementation of our ideas. We will be grateful for the contact at BIA to learn more from them.

Hi Christina ,
Thanks for your feedback and your questions. We have learnt so much from the development of this idea, how much the issue is not just a regional issue but a global one. All the questions are legit and they call for good strategies to solve the problems. Let me attempt to respond to all your questions.

1. The land tenure system in Ghana is wrought a lot of confusion, therefore people are careful when dealing with land issues. Usually, it is families that own the land so they hold the title deeds to the property. The family is most of the time an extended family with different people having different vested interest. A person who owns a land has to register it at the lands commission. A process that has its fair of challenges and bureaucracies. The confusion usually sets in when a family is divided on who should keep the title deed of the land. Different members from the same family can sell the same plot of land to different people causing even more confusion. The chiefs who have custodians of the land also have what we call stool lands which they give out for development work in the communities. There are crop farmers who own the land on which they farm and there are others who hire the land for farming. The herdsmen also hire the land for the rearing of their cattle. Almost 100% of the herdsmen are strangers to the land. Some of them are from the Fulani tribe and are not even Ghanaians. So, sometimes there is a language barrier.

2. On the issue of cattle wrecking farms, we have heard different stories from both the nomadic herdsmen and the farmers. However, a thorough introspection points to the fact that, since the allocation of the land for crop-farming and cattle grazing are not regulated, cattle are either grazing close to the crop farms or the crop farms comes between the cattle and the dams from which the cattle drink and find refreshment. Sometimes, some crop farmers farm close to the dams for easy access to water for irrigation and that causes problems for the herdsmen. So, we see that if there is deliberate zoning of land with the right amenities, then we can avoid the confusion and conflict. When we met with both the community development members, the farmers and the , they all acknowledge the problem and they believed that the zoning of the land can solve it.

3. When we spoke to an agronomist from the University for Development Studies in Northern Region of Ghana which is noted for cattle rearing. He advised of a rotation system where after a couple of farming season (a year or two), the crop farmers will farm on the ranch and the herd will move to the crop farm. He showed documentation on where this has worked on a smaller scale where the crop farmers experienced a higher yield. When that is done, there will be less reliance on artificial fertilisers saving cash and the environment.

Hi Christina,

Thanks for your well wishes.
I believe every location has it's peculiar challenges. The first community where we wanted to implement this idea is Agogo in the Ashanti Region in Ghana. The ministry of interior and the local government authorities implemented an operation cow leg to drive out all the herdsmen with their cattle out of the community. That exercise was call operation cow leg where police and military officers shoot and kill cattle who are found wandering. According to the news, they have so far driven out over 20,000 cattle with their herdsmen from the land. We believe that the successful implementation of the project will help us to learn and provide some information to the government of Ghana on how they can ensure a peaceful co-existence of both the crop farmers and the herdsmen.