As usual, love the thoughts you've shared. Some questions that occur to me upon reading your post:
1. Why do women take the train? Is it safety? Community? What other aspects of the train appeal to them past the immediate obvious ones, and how does it possibly tie into the greater concept of what safety means?
2. How do women personally describe their experience riding trains? So basically, what are their train "rituals" or habits? Stream of consciousness is such a fascinating way to find out more.
3. Generally, are women traveling alone or do they still try to travel with someone they know?
4. What is the male perspective of the trains? And also, how do they personally assess safety on the trains?
Anne-Laure, this is great. I think understanding the broader context is so important. In my work in slums, I've come across rape cases where police were simply paid off when rapes were reported. So the question isn't just, how do we look at rape on a case by case basis, but all the different complex layers and systems that make it up? I've even seen some cases where parents felt that an affair between a teacher and a young student/what is basically statutory rape would give the student more opportunities academically or economically.
It feels like the most effective work is done from developing first an understanding of a community's perspective and then working from that point as a common ground. To begin to understand our own assumptions and cultural perspectives when working with others, I would check out this anthropological text about the Nacirema if you haven't already read it: https://www.msu.edu/~jdowell/miner.html
(Looking at what Nacirema spelled backwards is will reveal a lot about different perspectives and how many ways things can be interpreted!)