SDG 14 Target - Oceans and Sustainable Development Goals
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION
• Account for multi-scale sources of pollution, such as agricultural and urban run-off that can cause anoxic zones, in addition to visible pollution such as coastal trash and debris.
• Consider potential benefits beyond fisheries, such as tourism, nutritional quality, and health care costs.
• Include a broad set of ecosystems in restoration efforts, such as seagrass beds, sand flats, mangrove and kelp forests, marshes, and coral and rocky reefs.
• Accompany restoration with social ventures to promote alternative livelihoods and ongoing stewardship to prevent future degradation.
Minimize Ocean Acidification
• Reducing global ocean acidification will require global reduction in green-house gas emissions.
• Local hotspots of acidity can be mitigated by regulating storm-water surge, coastal erosion and land use that contribute to runoff, and the use and release of nitrous oxides and sulfur oxides in agriculture and fossil-fuel burning.
• Operationalize ecosystem-based fisheries management, and make fisheries management adaptive to climate change.
• Promote human rights, equitable access rights and privileges (e.g. cooperative rights) that avoid social and economic power imbalances to prevent conflict.
• Support local and regional initiatives to decrease overfishing.
Conserve Marine Areas
• Create protected area networks that anticipate climate change impacts beyond political boundaries.
• Engage local communities in planning and managing protected areas, and improve cross-sectoral cooperation to ensure social acceptance for implementation.
Reform Fishery Subsidies
• Eliminate all subsidies to vessels engaged in illegal fishing practices, including labor abuses. Avoid vessel buy-back schemes.
• Shift capacity-enhancing subsidies toward investments to develop profitable sustainable fishing operations, climate adaptation and improve social safety nets.
Benefit SIDS (& LDCs)
• Foster strong and durable partnerships, including with the private sector, to promote sustainable business activities (e.g., certified fisheries, offshore aquaculture, renewable energy generation, eco-tourism).
• Economic activities should strengthen and develop local capacity and skills as well as increase opportunities for SIDs & LDCs to access local and international markets.