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Hi Beccah,

Thank you so much for your fruitful and tremendous comments during the idea contribution stage. Since, based on your suggestion and feedback we revised its scale upping project in refinement stage.

Really, thank you so much for your best wish. Good luck!

Dear Eunice, thank you for proper and consistence feedback in this refinement stage .
As for the FGM practitioners, here in Afar the FGM is practiced by traditional birth attendant TBA. Therefore, ACISDA has been working very closely with TBAs for the last 4 years in 5 Woredas of zone five Afar region. As per the context of Afar the TBA have a very little incentive from the people. However, according to the FGM factors in Afar, the mother have a full responsibility to do or not FGM in her daughter. So, ACISDA is focused on to change the attitude of the pregnant mother on FGM point of view in several capacity building activities. So, once the mother opinion is changed by the consistence community dialogue she is accepted do not circumcise FGM on her baby daughter. Therefore, the TBA can not forced the mother for FGM. Because, the root cause of FGM is comes from socially acceptable attitude of the society/social psychology/. Accordingly, we have been implementing attitudinal change activities in different segment of people. In addition, ACISDA also included the TBAs engagement in its ongoing phaseout project and scale upping project in general community group discussion (GCG). Since, religious and clan leaders, elder men and elder women, TBA and influential women are included and seat as a category of general community group discussion in each Kebele of the Woreda. But, as per the context of Afar FGM is not a source of income for FGM practitioners. Moreover, ACISDA will continue working with Afar regional government women & children affair bureau and health bureau, youth federation, and women federation experts. In this proposed project ACISDA will have one project technical committee. The committee will establish from respective government bodies at ground level and will have a project monitoring program in each quarter jointly with ACISDA.

Thank you very much for your tremendous and fruitful contribution!

Here is one of the most important socially acceptable and useful pastoralist structures that will support and strengthen our scale upping project of ACISDA. Therefore, it’s used as to build and achieved in order to eradicating FGM practice in our selected and expanding Woreda/District of Afar pastoral.

The pastoralists who herd their livestock across the region have their own time-honoured and remarkably effective ways of disseminating information and making communal decisions. “Dagu” is a sophisticated indigenous system that keeps accurate, sourced information flowing among the Afar people across vast distances with remarkable speed. It is sometimes called the Internet of Afar—a flow of current and reliable information for people who rely on a deep understanding of their changing social and physical environment for their very survival. The information may involve an upcoming storm, which could mean flooding, a violation of local laws, or word of pasture or water sources. Tradition requires that, when Afar people meet, they must exchange information ("do dagu"), regardless of their acquaintance, and provide the source of their information so that its credibility can be weighed. (“What have your ears heard?” the exchange might begin “What have your eyes witnessed?”). False dagu can carry high penalties. In recent years, ACISDA integrated its implementation approach and using as one of social communication change dagu, along with another traditional structure—formal community dialogues, or “meblo”—have helped disseminate new knowledge about FGM/C and build consensus towards abandoning the practice.

Dialogue, discussion, decision, and declaration traditionally, the ‘meblo’ is a community gathering in which Afar people discuss both community and individual concerns. Although discussion may be long and issues hotly debated, once they are voted on, the majority rules, and even those who are not convinced are obliged to abide by the group decision. The ‘meblo’ structure was adopted as a forum for discussions relating to child marriage and FGM/C, and the wide-ranging suffering they create for women and girls.

As mention above, how useful the Afar pastoral social structure is recognized by UNFPA lessons from the field. ''17 ways of to End FGM practice'' According to UNFPA, the majority system, methodology, and way of performance approach are included and tested by ACISDA ongoing phaseout project to End FGM practice in Dewe, Telalak, Dalifage, Comami, and Hadele-ella Woreda of Afar region.

As for a testimony, the conducted public declaration and do not uncircumcised girls from any type of FGM are one of verifiable indicator that our implementation approach and strategy are applicable and solution oriented to stop FGM/C in Afar pastoral context As a result, the Women and girls critical challenge on sexual reproductive health will be addressed.