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Hi Chioma, 

Safi Sana has build toilets in the neighborhood that operators run and where local inhabitants pay for use. We monitor quality and user experience to continuously learn how to improve the service. This project would be the first to combine a public toilet with a school toilet. So we are elaborating on our existing experience.

The current thinking which is aligned with the school and the municipality is to use a side of the school that faces a relatively busy road. The toilet would be one building with access on the road side for the public and access on the school side for the children. Obviously the two sides are separated so that the public can't enter the school side, however sharing the same roof will allow income from the public side to cover cost for maitaining the entirety, including the school side. Currently there is an open sewer on the roadshide which we would like to close so that the public feels more invited to use the public toilets. We also want to experiment with lighting in the toilets (they are often very dark) and also with greenery - eg. on the roof to make the toilets more attractive. 

Hi Chioma,

thanks for your questions. Below the responses, I hope you can link them to the questions:

Question: Experience?
- Safi Sana has experience building and designing toilets:
In Teshie (a small city East of Accra), Safi Sana has established a Communal Service Block as a franchise concept. The block has been operational since November 2011. This toilet unit is a 20-seater public toilet with a concession stand for drinking water. The toilet block replaces an old toilet facility that was in an extremely poor, unhygienic state.
In Ashaiman (city in the Accra region, Ghana), Safi Sana built a Communal Service Block of 14 toilets in 2012. The toilet is an ‘Enviroloo’ facility that needed to be replaced due to its unhygienic condition.
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- Yes, we have verbal agreement from both the school and local government and support from teachers.

- The need for clean and safe toilets in this (and many other schools) is urgent and the school and local government realize this. The school is busy with information about sanitation, but it does obviously not work if the toilets don’t exist or are very unhygienic. I was in Ghana last week where we spoke to the school, teachers and local administration. They embrace this idea.

How will this work/paid?
- There are three problems with the current way that many programs provide toilets for schools:

   1. Funding for ongoing maintenance is not catered for. In no time the toilets have broken and are no longer hygienic and safe.

   2. If people in the neighborhood do not have access to toilets, they tend to force their way onto the school grounds and use the toilets. This make them even more un-hygienic and insecure

   3. Education on hygiene is not accompanying the provisioning of toilets.

We aim to cover all three aspects by:

   1. Combining a public section with a school section (these two parts are securely separated). The fee from the public toilets will pay for cleaning and maintenance for both sections.

   2. By offering public services and a person maintaining toilets we hope to reduce the chance that intruders will use the school toilets. 
   3. With Football for Water (, a Wash, we will tie in the concept of Life Skill Education to school children in which football play is used as a vehicle to accelerate the effect of important hygiene messages

What we need?
- We will tie this program to the overall Safi Sana model to increase the impact. The faecal waste will be reused to make green energy, bio fertilizer and irrigation water. The plans and teams are ready to be executed, we hope that part of the funding can be found via the UrbanIDEO challenge so that we can go ahead with this programme. If successful, we intent to share the knowledge and re-use the model in other areas.