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Hi there

have added a few photos to make my post more visual.


Dear Ashley - thanks for your feedback!

Peat fires have a direct impact on prosperity, as they have (and continue to cause) considerable damage to people’s livelihoods, and national and local economies. The peat fires and the related haze in 2015 that raged through 2.6 million hectares of forest and peatland in Kalimantan and Sumatra in 2015 released approximately 1.6 Gts of CO2e, surpassing that of the annual CO2 emissions of advanced industrialized nations such as Germany and France. Direct and indirect damages cost the Indonesian national economy an estimated USD 16 billion (World Bank estimates), about 2 percent of Indonesia’s annual GDP, in only 3 weeks. During those 3 weeks of acute haze, farmers lost crops and plantations (due to reduced photosynthetic photon flux density), which in turn has severely impacted livelihoods. Food crops have also been damaged by ash deposits, and many people had to spend significant amounts of time to control fires, under hazardous circumstances, which also impeded people’s ability to engage into economic generating activities.