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Sexual and reproductive Challenges in Africa (Nigeria)

Creating awareness and encourage abstinence and promote the use of condoms and contraceptives by those who are sexually active, in Nigeria.

Photo of Abubakar
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Nigeria a country with vast population of about 150 million, faced with a high rate of poverty and unemployment. 

Why Students Need Sex Education

Statistically as of 2014 in Nigeria, the HIV prevalence rate among adults ages 15-49 was 3.17 percent. Nigeria has the second-largest number of people living with HIV. The HIV epidemic in Nigeria is complex and varies widely by region.

      However, the level of awareness among young people on sexual and reproductive health education and services is abysmal low in nature. In contrast to the lack of awareness, a case study of Northern Nigeria will be employed.

       Here in the Northern, most young boys and girls go into un protective sex without knowing the negative implication such an act can cause, with the high rate of lesbianism and gay activities, sexually transmitted disease such as HIV and AID cases are recorded on daily bases in our institutions and local communities.


From the above carefully observed cases of unsafe sex, there are certain factors which if put in place can improve access to quality sexual and reproductive education in the world in general. such are:

1. Girl Child Sex Education:

     As in most cases young girls are usually involved in unsafe sex, there is need for each society to at least teach them safe sex starting from the age of 14 years.

2. Parenting Guidance:

     There should be proper understanding between parent and their children, question ask about sex by a girl or boy should not be  considered as an act of disrespect as it is here in Nigeria. It’s important to remain involved in your kids’ education and this is especially true when they’re involved in a sex-ed program. Even though you may regularly ask your kid, “What did you do in school today?” and your child might regularly respond, “Nothing,” you should press a little harder. Try to get a meaningful response out of your child. This can lead to a dialogue about what your child is learning and how she feels about it.

3. NGOs Involvement: 

      Non governmental organisations such as "save the children, girl child right, girl child education, bring back our girls etc" have a lot to do towards creating awareness on access to quality sexual and unproductive education.

4. Encourage youth to delay sexual activity until marriage and often have important information about human sexuality (such as details about development during puberty, reproductive anatomy, and sexual health).


Join the conversation:

Photo of Samuel Darko

This is a very serious dilemma and I appreciated your idea of parenting guidance a lot because parents obviously do have much influence on their kids should be able to initiate the conversation of sex education with them much sooner than later. However, growing up in an African home myself, my parents did not really provide any education on the topic. It seem as though it was uncomfortable or improper to discuss anything concerning sex. Do you have any ideas for how this challenge can be resolve for other families within the African community?

Photo of Abubakar

Thank you Mr Samuel Darko for appreciating my idea!! to encourage or educate parent regarding sex conversation with their kids in our African Societies is not something that can be resolved overnight as we are people of norms and culture. But however, i believe with regular awareness through our Adult-schools and localities, i believe alot can be achieved over time. thank you!

Photo of Anne-Laure Fayard

Hi Abubakar thanks for sharing your knowledge on Nigeria. The poster you have as an image reminded me luisa covaria post about how to create advertising that make things less serious

What you are highlighting is the different actors we will need to think of during ideation: the youth, but also schools and teachers, parents and other organizations.