In Indian Education system (might be in some other systems also) all of the stress is given on
mugging up the subjects instead of checking the understanding of the students. Most of the exam
systems have 80% marks for theory and 20% for the Practical. I agree that knowing the theory is
important. But most of the student actually dont learn the theory and just remember it for the
time period of exams. So understanding of the subject is very critical flaw in our eduction
If you see the S.S.C. and H.S.C. exams see the list of the toppers of the exams, how many of them
invent something new or get highly successful in their respective fields. You will see they are
average in their fields. Why this happens ? Because normally field of work dont need you to
remember things you can reffer any knowledge in the world through internet. But since student have
only remembered the knowledge for temporary exam purpose. They even sometimes dont know what they
need to reffer for a practical problem in front of them.
Take a example of Computer Programming. The current exams might ask a student to write a program
in the paper without seeing the Programming language refferece. In practical life have you ever
seen the programmer write program without refference ? Student just remember some of the common
programms which are asked years after years making small changes in the quetsion. They get good
marks in exam for memorizing program. But if these student are given some real life problem and
told to create a program for it rarely they are able to solve it.
So what I think is instead of streesing on memory, the exams should be open book. Allow students
to use fixed set of refference books. It is normally said that student wont study if there are
open book exams, but only a student who has studied earlier and understands the subject would able
to find the answers in time. But to use this type of exam the question papers would also be needed
to change. The quetsion paper would need to have question crated to asses the understanding of the
student. Same old question paper pattern wont help in this.
The subjects should be practical life oriented. The examples should be also like that. If we are
teaching the students Derivation and Integration and they dont know what is the use of it in real
life they wont have interest in it. Even if student dont say anything first thought always comes
to his mind is why I am learning this. What is the use of derivation and integration in my life ?
If we showed some examples of real life problems(e.g. Calculating area of irregular shape) then
student might have more interest in learing the derivatives and integration.
If we told student a practical problem and then tell him the theory by using which the problem is
solved it would be easy for a student to implement it in the real life. How many times we see a
electrical engineer who dont know how to change fuse wire in the home. The practical knowledge is
very essential for students.
So to summerize I have following points to say
1) Emphasize on Understadning in the Education System.
2) Open book exams to remove the mug up of the subjects.
3) More importance to the practical life oriented knowledge.