During the Great Depression in the 1930s in the US, President Roosevelt initiated measures to counteract escalating unemployment. Among these were public works projects, rural development, and stimulus for manufacturing.
The US Government utilized a blunt force tool as a short term solution to simply get hundreds of thousands of people back to work in order to earn a living. Under the New Deal program, the government provided the demand for work, matching it with the oversupply of workers. In the process, they increased the infrastructure backbone of the country, while training and employing thousands of citizens.
"Under Roosevelt, many unemployed persons were put to work on a wide range of government financed public works projects, building bridges, airports, dams, post offices, courthouses, and thousands of kilometres of road. Through reforestation and flood control, they reclaimed millions of hectares of soil from erosion and devastation."
What situations and contexts would this kind of experience model be appropriate for? How could the New Deal of the 1930s be adapted to a longer term, sustainable option for us today? How can we train young people in more advanced skills than perhaps the 1930s New Deal was able to provide, while employing them on large scale projects?