Women's safety in Taiwan and the rationale behind Gender Inquality Index.
ROC President Ma Ying-jeou said March 8 that the government will implement visionary measures to advance Taiwan women’s rights in keeping with U.N. post-2015 development goals.
The government is not complacent when it comes to promoting gender equality in Taiwan, Ma said. Based on the criteria used to compile the latest Gender Inequality Index released in 2012 by the U.N., the country would rank second overall, he added.
In addition to the Gender Inequality Index, Human Development Report (HDR) introduced the Gender Development Index (GDI) and the Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) in 1995.
There are three critical dimensions to the GII: reproductive health, empowerment, and labor market participation.
I would like to dig a little deeper on empowerment. By HDR's definition, the GII index of higher education evaluates women's attainment to secondary education and above. Access to higher education expands women's freedom by increasing their ability to question and increases their access to information which expands their public involvement. It also talks about women's participation in politics. --Due to data limitations the parliament representation indicator is limited to national parliament and excludes local government or other community involvement. Although women's representation in parliament has been increasing women have been disadvantaged in representation of parliament with a global average of only 16%. How can we do to increase this particular figure is a potential solution to this Open IDEO challenge.
The other two critical factors--women's labor participation rate and reproductive health, are two of the known factors that have been discussed over and over in the research phase of this IDEO Challenge.