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Transforming Kathmandu to a Safe place for women & girls

The idea is to enabling women, girls and youth of the low income communities in the cities of Kathmandu on their safety matters. It is a campaign in collaboration with Nepal Police and concerned municipalities to make Kathmandu to a safe place for women and girls through empowering the low income urban working poor women and girls who are unsafe in their workplace, in public space s and in public transportation, and who are excluded from the basic urban services .

Photo of Om Thapaliya
30 12

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Provide a short description of your idea

My idea is a campaign not a project. It tackles the problem of low-income urban working women and girls. It addresses the problem by raising their knowledge, enhancing their capacity with skill, building their network, accessing them to the basic urban services and socio-economically potential opportunities and making other key authorities responsible to empowering them and end violence and harassment on them.

Get a user's perspective on your idea.

Few days ago, a group discussion and interview was held with the women working poor following some questions which is attached below.

Show us what implementation might look like.

The timeline of implementation of pilot project is designed and scheduled in monthly basis which is attached below.
HNN is a network of membership based organizations working poor especially of women in the informal economy. it has an enabled network of like-minded organizations ranging from government, non-government and community led CBOs within and outside Kathmandu valley. HNN is well equiped with skilled youth volunteers from community and from colleges.HomeNet Nepal (HNN) is a nation-wide network of membership based organizations (MBOs) of working poor especially of women in the informal economy. It is an active network of like-minded organizations ranging from government, non-government and community led Community Based Organizations(CBOs) in the country. HNN is well equipped with skillful youth volunteers and women leaders from various communities. It has nearly 26 thousands of membership strength over the country with huge majority of low earning women in the informal economy.  Both Municipality and Community Police have already agreed to work on safety issues of women and girls in partnership with HNN. It has one and a half decade long experience working on the issues of working poor in Nepal. 

Explain your idea in one sentence.

It is a community led intervention to make cities of Kathmandu safe for women and girls by enabling capacity, increasing knowledge and awareness, building network, providing access to information and opportunities for a gainful socio-economic activities for their safety and prosperity partnering with Municipality and Community Police.

What is the need you are trying to solve?

The women and girls especially those belonging to low income earning communities living in cities of Kathmandu are unsafe and vulnerable in every aspect which is adversely affecting their state of education, human rights, occupation and employment preventing them from leading a dignified life as a human. It is an idea to solve the safety needs of urban working poor women and girls in the cities of Kathmandu.

Who will benefit from this idea and how would you monitor its success?

Low earning working women member of HNN who work in diversified sub- sectors of informal sector such as home base work, construction work, transport work, domestic works, road-side vendoring, small enterprises and self-employment etc. and girls who are prone to violence, harassment and economic insecurity will be directly benefited by this intervention. The implementation of the activities of idea and the impacted result will be monitored based on the indicators that we want to see in the lives of low income urban working women and girls such as level of knowledge and awareness, level of access to communication, feeling of safety, their engagement on work/employment/education, and access to public services

Who would be best equipped to implement this idea in the real world? You? Your organisation? Another organisation or entity?

HomeNet Nepal in partnership with Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC)and Community Police will be the key implementing agencies of this idea. The Community Police, as a partner will patrol the focused locations, set up of awareness raising booth, receive and register cases from victims and proceed for legal treatment jointly with HNN. Similarly the Kathmandu Metropolitan City will emphasize the urban working poor women with their plan and budget and increase wider access to public services to them such as health, literacy, water, street lights, skill for employment, child care etc in partnership with HNN. For the implementation, HNN will mobilize the member MBOs of urban poor properly.

Where should this idea be implemented?

Specifically, this idea will be implemented in 5 wards of Kathmandu Metropolitan City namely Ward No. 7( Chabhil area, 8(Bauddha area), 31(Old bus-park area), 34(Sinamangal area) and 35(Koteshwor area of KMC, Lalitpur Sub-metropolitan City and Thimi in Bhaktapur (Please see the map above)

How might you prototype this idea and test some of the assumptions behind it?

This idea was tested one year ago in Ward No. 7 of KMC which gave a very much positive impact. Few days back, a group interview and discussion was held in a an urban poor community in coordination with Lalitpur sub-metropolitan city. The anticipated assumptions will be tested by the level of confidence and knowledge of women and girls obtained from the awareness raising activities and trainings, level of engagement of low earning women and girls in socio-economic activities, coverage of needs of low earning women by the services of municipality through plan and budget, state of safety of women and girls ensured by the community police force and perception of people, in general, regarding the safety of women and girls in public places.

What might a day in the life of a community member interacting with your idea look like?

It might be a fine morning that joins their needs of safety and living with dignity with solution which is possible only through their i community led intervention. It might be a rays of hope that can be felt by the low income women and girls who are very much prone to violence and harassment even in the dark of the evening.

Evaluation results

0 evaluations so far

30 comments

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Photo of Luisa Fernanda
Team

Hi Om, let us know if you are having any trouble uploading information. We would love to support you. Also, there are some seasoned OpenIDEO users in our community that I'm sure will chime in if you post a comment asking a question when you are having trouble.
Looking forward to learning how you are refining your idea.

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Dear Luisa, earlier, I had some confusion on up-loading the refinement on my idea. It is now solved to some extent. I have up-loaded the refined text, relevant photos, graphics, cased studies and a video. But, I still know that these are not in right order. I thus, request you to guide me for further refinement.
Regards,

Om

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Dear Luisa, may I request you to kindly go through the refinement and give me suggestion.
Regards,

Om

Photo of Luisa Fernanda
Team

Om,
It's great to see the detailed information you have added. It gives an understanding of the problem you are addressing and the mission of your organization. What is still hard to understand is what are your clear steps to be accomplished in the next 12 to 18 months and how will you benefit from the funding and design support offered by The Amplify program.

The timeline you provide offers a very general idea of what will be accomplished.
What are the clear activities and what does success look like at the end of the pilot?
What new resources will you need to achieve this?
How is this idea different form the work you are already doing?

Check out the making a plan toolkit which might help you answer these questions:

https://s3.amazonaws.com/oi2-openideo-rwd-prod/attachments/5cee84fe-7802-4ac3-8465-12dd6be67922.pdf

Great work and we look forward to get a clearer understanding of the next steps for implementing this idea.

Photo of OpenIDEO
Team

Congratulations on making it to the Women's Safety Challenge Refinement list, Om! We really liked how your idea brings youth, women and the police together to collectively take action. As you get involved in refinement, think of the specific steps and activities that this idea will incorporate. From your entry, it’s clear that the HNN group is already formed. What current initiatives are they focusing on? Are women and girls from the target communities already members of the HNN group? While your entry clearly describes that there will be a partnership with the Kathmandu Metropolitan City and Community Police, it’s unclear whether this partnership it’s already established. If your organisation has already established a partnership with them, what will their specific role within this initiative be? The entry mentions two main goals: train women and girls on safety matters and network building. What does the training involve more specifically? What networks already exist and what are the new networks that will be formed? How will these new networks impact the lives of participants? What is the role of the police beyond receiving reports? What new resources, team members and partnerships do you need to develop a pilot? How does a plan for a pilot look like? Have you interviewed women who might participate in this programme? What have you learned from them? Give some thought to these questions and keep us up to date with the answers. Let us know what you learn from interviewing women and girls and what activities you will focus on moving forward. For more tips for this Refinement phase, check out http://ideo.pn/ws-refine-tips and catch our Tools for Refinement at http://openideo.com/content/tools-for-the-womens-safety-challenge-refinement-phase.

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Dear OpenIdeo team members, thank you so much for your all the inspiring words and contribution. We will complete our refinement work within the prescribed time and back to you soon. In-between, we will do some ground level homework to obtain views and suggestions from our network, Nepal Police and Municipality. See you soon.

Photo of Meena Kadri
Team

Great stuff, Om!

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Thank you Meena!

Photo of Luisa Fernanda
Team

Om,
Great work so far. We are very eager to learn your answers soon so that the community and the Amplify team can share feedback. The Refinement phase is a time to ask questions to our community, add early versions of your implementation timeline, user experience map and to keep on working on your idea so that you can get feedback, find collaborators and push this idea to the edge of what it can be.

Looking forward to hearing updates throughout the refinement phase.

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Dear Luisa, I have up-loaded the the refined text, images and supporting video.I am still waiting for your comment. I will add the interview result by tomorrow evening. May I request you to kindly give your feedback so that I can make it final.

Regards,
Om

Photo of Meena Kadri
Team

Here's a friendly tip: update your OpenIDEO profile so folks can see who they're collaborating with here. Think skills, experience, passions & more!

Photo of Prina Bajracharya
Team

Hi Om,

Nice to see a Nepali participating in OpenIdeo challenge. I am so happy to see people taking a genuine effort in making our city a better place to live in.

I am a UX designer and currently living in Holland, if I can be of any help in concept refinment please do let me know.

I would be more than happy to contribute.

Best,
Prina

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Dear Prina, it is good to hear from you far from Holland and thank you so much for willing to contribute refining the concept. Please Let us do some homework in ground level with network including Nepal Police and Kathmandu Metropolitan City- ward secretaries and our community leaders, volunteers and friends of safe cities campaign first for next couple of days on these valuable queries, We will definitely share the refinement draft with you to get your contribution on it so that everyone will like it.

Photo of Prina Bajracharya
Team

Hi Om,

I am glad to know that you guys are taking inicetives to going out there to talk with goverment and communities to make the difference.

I look fowrward to your design approach. Do share the draft with me, I will be happy to contribute.

Best,
Prina

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Off course Prina, I have started working on it, just give me one more day.
See you till then
Om

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Dear Prina can you please share your email address so that I can share the draft to you seeking your contribution on it?
Regards,
Om

Photo of Teng Zhang
Team

good idea.

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Thanks !

Photo of Suzanne Kirkpatrick
Team

Hi Om, I like how your approach is focusing on women working in the informal economy. Why did you decide to focus on that target group in particular? For my project looking at reflective clothing designs (http://openideo.com/challenge/womens-safety/ideas/retroreflective-garments) I'm curious to learn more about the means of transport for Nepalese low income earning women engaged in the informal economy - do you know if these women typically walk to work, ride the bus, bicycle, etc. and under what environmental conditions?

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Dear Suzanne,
We decided to focus urban working poor women in the informal economy because we have witnessed working poor women struggling very hard for living in the city. They are now unsafe in the city where they born, grew and now living not only within the wall of their home, but also at the work p lace and in the public place. We felt it is a must to focus the safety issue of working women in the public place so that they can live with dignity, they can work with decent and they and move around with safety in the cities.
Your idea on retroreflective garment is really amazing. In our case, for many women and girls clothing is directed by cultural dress code invisibly and indirectly which is violating the concerns and interest of women and girls.
Regarding your questions I request you to read out following text.

Majority of poor women in the cities are engaged on various sub-sectors of employment and work in the informal economy. The major trades are home based work, construction wage work, roadside vegetable vendaring, road cleaning, garbage collecting, assembling, packaging and factory outsourced works etc. These trades are not regulated by the labor laws and any policies. In absence of labor laws, the working women in the informal sector are first of all compelled to work longer and are paid very less and their work is irregular. Secondly they are excluded from social security system of the government. Thirdly their work place is very much vulnerable in many ways. Since they earn very less, they can't afford better and safe rooms/ house to live. Then, the place they live is also unsafe and vulnerable. In Kathmandu, there are three types of options for transportation; the first is private. Being low earning working women, they don't possess private vehicle. The second option is walk on foot which is not possible for every time and the third is to use public transport which is not reliable at all in terms of safety and time.
Generally office hour ends at 5 pm, but the employers ask them to work till 6:30 or 7 pm in the evening. It is totally impossible for them to reach their home on foot late in the evening because on the way they may fall on harassment and violence also. If the woman is alone, young, pregnant, disabled, with an infant child or carrying something, the degree of problem might be even worse. The people with evil and criminal mind may grasp this as opportunity to harass which may lead to any form of painful violence on them.
Public transportation in Kathmandu is terribly unsafe for women and girls. According to a recent study conducted by Word Bank, it is one of the poor transportation system in the world as anything can be happen any time and most vulnerable segment of public transport users are women and girls, amongst them women engaged in the informal sector and girls belong to them are even more on threats, prone to harassment and violence. If they work from home they either need to bring raw materials from market or to deliver finished goods to market. If the women in the cities work in the trades of informal economy, they need to go and come from their work place and for both public transportation is the only means. For example, a woman who makes candle for market has to survive with a very narrow profit margin from which she can't pay for taxi fare to carry and thus she goes by public bus. While waiting at the bus station, series of harassment on her starts following different form of harassment inside the bus which is often crowded. There is provision by low for women with reserved seats in the public bus but is not applied properly, and after all she needs to stand inside the bus carrying heavy stuff of candle. When she is on uncomfortable situation, again there is a chance on her to be harassed inside the bus by the male passengers with evil mind. While returning to home by public bus, and if unfortunately she is alone in the bus at the end of destination of particular rout, she may fall on any form of harassment and violence by the bus-driver and conductor themselves. There has been several such incidents already happen. In crowd, any time her candle may get broken and instead of going to market to deliver, she needs to come back to home and start to re-manufacture it. It is an example amongst hundreds of types of sub-trades in the cities of Kathmandu and thousands of women and girls belong to them are suffering from such problem. Some of them have given up their employment, occupation and further study and fall on to depression and displacement. Thus, Women and girls safety in the public places is not a minor issue to simply tolerate, in fact it is a silent killer which is linked with dignity of ones, women's human rights, right to decent work, livelihood and beyond.

Photo of Suzanne Kirkpatrick
Team

Thank you for sharing these user journeys and the detailed information about the issues informal workers face when traveling to and from home.

Besides safer modes of transportation, it also sounds like these women could really benefit from a container or pack of some sort to carry / roll their precious (and sometimes heavy) goods. Another design opportunity!

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Dear Suzanne, thank you so much for your feedback and suggestion. If it happens, some sorts of working poor women who sells mushroom, seasonal fruits like strabarry, candles will be benefited.

Photo of Luisa Fernanda
Team

Om,
Great to have you join the challenge with such a clear, simple and innovative idea.
I wanted to call attention to this idea submitted by Aguinaldo Santos from Brazil :
http://www.openideo.com/challenge/womens-safety/ideas/netincome-a-network-of-income-generation-modules-within-the-low-income-households
While it is a very different idea from what you are proposing here , you organization's experience working with informal workers can provide great insight into this proposal.

Photo of Jamie Beck Alexander
Team

Great idea, Om! I was wondering if you could elaborate on the nature of your partnership with the Kathmandu Metropolitan City and Community Police. What kind of work will you collaborate on? It would be great if you could update your post as your thinking on this idea evolves.

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Dear Jamie,
As mentioned in the idea that posted already, HNN wants to work with Community Police reaching houses of the certain community where majority of low earning families are living to make them aware, to sensitize them on the legal provision against harassment and violence and about public transport system, on the possible harassment on them and girls belong to them and to the owners, drivers and conductors of public buses so that they can make their bus women friendly and women responsive. On the other hand, HNN wants to sensitize the Traffic Police and Department of Transportation responsible on women's safety issues in the cities. And it also wants to create pressure from the women themselves at community level, from activists who are engaged on women's safety concerns, from media and from people in general make this issue widely discussed and talked.
With municipal authorities, HNN wants them to allocate budget with plan targeting the urban poor working women and their family and then community to access them to the essential urban public services like water and electricity etc. For example, if the urban working poor women need to go far to fetch water during which she may fall on harassment, the municipality can fix a water tap from the supply chain at around the community which will help them to mitigate the problem instead they can be engage on some economically beneficial work in that time. Similarly if the street light is not working and during the dark, women and girls are suffering, Municipality can change the street light. Municipality has their ward level offices, which seem less sensitized on the issues of women's safety where we together can start orientation to them and then they can serve them better through ward level. Similarly, in Kathmandu, there are number of bus parks, public parks and gardens which are now unsafe for women and girls but together we can make it safe for women aid girls. Following our discussion, municipalities are ready to work with us signing a Memorandum of Understanding.

Photo of Jamie Beck Alexander
Team

Thanks for clarifying, Om! You may want to update your post with this helpful information. You can update your post by scrolling up and clicking on 'Update' on the right-hand side, and then adding any new or edited information. You may also want to edit the title of your post to reflect the date that you updated it.

Photo of Meena Kadri
Team

Interesting stuff, Om! We'd love it if you might consider helping people better grasp how it could play out by describing some example scenarios which illustrate user journeys through some of the proposed activities you've outlined. Check this example: http://www.openideo.com/open/e-waste/concepting/neighbourhood-e-waste-champion/ where a few simple scenarios were created in an attempt to explain the goodness on the idea. (You can update your post at any time by hitting the Update Entry button up there on the right.) Through doing this we'll be able appreciate your idea through the lens of people in low-income communities.

We also hope you'll join in on discussion on others people's ideas here. Your perspectives would certainly enrich our conversations and collaboration...

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Dear Meena, I found your suggestion a vital one. I will try to incorporate some examples that could help people to understand what the idea exactly is.

Photo of Om Thapaliya
Team

Thank you so much Meena jee and the Team for the suggestions. I tried uploading some. I will look at this again after collecting all the valuable suggestions.

Photo of OpenIDEO
Team

Hi Om, interesting post! Any chance you could find an image to go along with it? Images help grab attention and tell a story with higher impact. You should be able to use the Update Entry button on the right of your post and follow the instructions to add images from there. We know occasionally people have issues uploading images so let us know by hitting the Feedback button at the bottom of most pages of our site if you face any problems. Looking forward to seeing more of your inspiring insights on OpenIDEO.

And here's some tips on adding visual goodness to your idea: http://ideo.pn/vis-uals