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Packaging waste through such national programs, initiatives, extended producer responsibility schemes

promote the reuse, recycling and other forms of recycling of packaging waste instead of their final disposal, thus contributing to the trans

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Packaging and packaging waste

SUMMARY OF THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENTS:

Directive 94/62 / EC on packaging and packaging waste

Directive 2018/852 / EU amending Directive 94/62 / EC on packaging and packaging waste

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THE DIRECTIVE?

Directive 94/62 / EC lays down EU rules on the treatment of packaging and packaging waste.

Directive 2018/852 / EU amends Directive 94/62 / EC and contains updated measures designed to:

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prevent the production of packaging waste, and

promote the reuse, recycling and other forms of recycling of packaging waste instead of their final disposal, thus contributing to the transition to a circular economy *.

The purpose of Directive 94/62 / EC is to contribute to:

improving the quality of the environment;

protection of human health;

protection of resources;

ensuring the functioning of the internal market and restricting competition within the EU.

MAIN POINTS

Scope of the Directive

The scope of the amended Directive covers all packaging placed on the European market and packaging waste, whether it be produced at industrial, commercial, official, business, service, household or any other level, regardless of their material.

Provisions

EU countries should take measures to prevent packaging waste through such national programs, initiatives, extended producer responsibility schemes, and other economic instruments and to minimize the environmental impact of packaging.

EU countries should encourage an increase in the proportion of reusable packaging * that is placed on the market and the use of packaging reuse systems, without endangering food safety. These may include, but are not limited to:

deposit-refund schemes

objectives

economic incentives

providing for minimum percentages for each type of reusable packaging placed on the market, etc.

EU countries must also take the necessary measures to meet certain recycling targets, which will vary depending on the packaging material, and to this end, they will have to apply new calculation rules.

objectives

By 31 December 2025, at least 65% by weight of all packaging shall be recycled. The recycling targets for each substance are as follows:

50% plastic

25% of the tree

70% of ferrous metals

50% aluminum

70% of the glass, and

75% for paper and cardboard.

By 31 December 2030, at least 70% by weight of all packaging shall be recycled. This includes:

55% plastic

30% of the tree

80% of ferrous metals

60% aluminum

75% of the glass, and

85% for paper and cardboard.

Essential requirements

EU countries shall ensure that packaging placed on the market complies with Annex II to the Directive. the essential requirements set out in Annex II:

reducing the volume and weight of the packaging to a minimum sufficient to maintain the necessary level of safety, hygiene, and acceptability for the consumer;

minimizing the presence of hazardous substances in packaging and its components;

creating reusable or otherwise usable packaging.

Biodegradable packaging: Plastic packaging that is oxidatively biodegradable * is not considered biodegradable.

The European Commission is currently examining how these essential requirements could be strengthened in the design of packaging, to improve re-use and high-quality recycling and to strengthen the enforcement of the essential requirements.

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