Packaging and packaging waste
SUMMARY OF THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENTS:
Directive 94/62 / EC on packaging and packaging waste
Directive 2018/852 / EU amending Directive 94/62 / EC on packaging and packaging waste
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THE DIRECTIVE?
Directive 94/62 / EC lays down EU rules on the treatment of packaging and packaging waste.
Directive 2018/852 / EU amends Directive 94/62 / EC and contains updated measures designed to:
prevent the production of packaging waste, and
promote the reuse, recycling and other forms of recycling of packaging waste instead of their final disposal, thus contributing to the transition to a circular economy *.
The purpose of Directive 94/62 / EC is to contribute to:
improving the quality of the environment;
protection of human health;
protection of resources;
ensuring the functioning of the internal market and restricting competition within the EU.
Scope of the Directive
The scope of the amended Directive covers all packaging placed on the European market and packaging waste, whether it be produced at industrial, commercial, official, business, service, household or any other level, regardless of their material.
EU countries should take measures to prevent packaging waste through such national programs, initiatives, extended producer responsibility schemes, and other economic instruments and to minimize the environmental impact of packaging.
EU countries should encourage an increase in the proportion of reusable packaging * that is placed on the market and the use of packaging reuse systems, without endangering food safety. These may include, but are not limited to:
providing for minimum percentages for each type of reusable packaging placed on the market, etc.
EU countries must also take the necessary measures to meet certain recycling targets, which will vary depending on the packaging material, and to this end, they will have to apply new calculation rules.
By 31 December 2025, at least 65% by weight of all packaging shall be recycled. The recycling targets for each substance are as follows:
25% of the tree
70% of ferrous metals
70% of the glass, and
75% for paper and cardboard.
By 31 December 2030, at least 70% by weight of all packaging shall be recycled. This includes:
30% of the tree
80% of ferrous metals
75% of the glass, and
85% for paper and cardboard.
EU countries shall ensure that packaging placed on the market complies with Annex II to the Directive. the essential requirements set out in Annex II:
reducing the volume and weight of the packaging to a minimum sufficient to maintain the necessary level of safety, hygiene, and acceptability for the consumer;
minimizing the presence of hazardous substances in packaging and its components;
creating reusable or otherwise usable packaging.
Biodegradable packaging: Plastic packaging that is oxidatively biodegradable * is not considered biodegradable.
The European Commission is currently examining how these essential requirements could be strengthened in the design of packaging, to improve re-use and high-quality recycling and to strengthen the enforcement of the essential requirements.