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Direct, Universal, Independent and Confidential Elections

Elections in Indonesia are based on four principles: direct voting, universal participation, an independent decision, and confidentiality. Voters elect members of parliament in the first round followed by presidential elections in the second round.

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The introduction of election reforms changed the landscape of Indonesian politics. In 2004, people directly voted in both a legislative election as well as presidential elections. Though complex, the set-up allowed for a multi-party system paving the way towards the creation of a coalition government. As a country with over 200 million citizens, a two-stage voting system allows smaller and newer political parties who may represent smaller interest groups to be part of the democratic process. Ultimately, these election reforms cemented the principles behind Indonesian elections: direct, universal, independent and confidential. 

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