Inclusive Urban Development Toolbox
for Climate Resilient Slum Change
in Adama Town, Ethiopia
Creating a climate resilient sustainable neighborhood by an all inclusive planning and development methodology.
EXPLAIN YOUR IDEA
Loss of livelihoods and long built social capital that cushions shocks due to relocation of slum dwellers and settlement in isolated informal areas that expose them more to hazards, aggravated by climate changes, such as floods, dust storms and diseases like malaria.
Cordaid facilitates the development of Smart Solutions for Slums through a multi-stakeholder approach. It will initiate an Alliance for Urban Change and work with them to develop an Sustainable Urban Development Tool (SUDT), which is a collection of innovative and participatory tools, instruments, and research methodologies, which will be used by urban development actors. The Toolbox provides guides to investigate, understand and maximize local resources to engender climate resilient and self-viable communities (men & women, rich & poor, Youth & adults) through the employment of concrete alliances. One of the fundamentals of the Toolbox is that it is based on bottom-up approaches where the communities are at the center of its own development and factors such as gender, age, ethnicity are taken into account to generate more equality. The Toolbox will integrate transversely the 4 Es of sustainability: Equity, Economy, Environment and Engineering. It takes into account four basic global aspects (Matter, Life, Society, The Individual) that move from universal resources and technologies to the local understanding of opportunities.
The user of the Toolbox will benefit from a familiar environment, which positively exploits and enhances local contingencies, strengths and vernacular advantages. The goal is to develop a framework that allows for “sustainable” building taking into account climate, culture, economic and social conditions.The Toolbox is supposed to improve living conditions of the slum dwellers & the poor in Adama town in Ethiopia by empowering them to use their own local assets and talents.
HOW DOES YOUR IDEA TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THE CONTEXT OF URBAN SLUMS AND CLIMATE CHANGE?
The impact of investments can be more substantial when there is an intensive and constructive collaboration between NGOs, local authorities and the communities. Often these actors recognize their different roles, but do not overcome their political contradictions, hegemony and power relations, which can lead to a standstill in the development of urban areas. Therefore, not many opportunities have been created for the improvement of city policy and for a scaling up from the neighborhood towards the metropolitan area.
The solution complements the Adama City's structure plan that needs innovative and sustainable neighborhood designs that include appropriate housing & other infrastructure prototypes, urban development tools/strategies and climate proof designs that employ eco-system approach and spurs slum residents and city wide organizations with the potential to increase resilience. This intervention also addresses the desire of the city's planners to gain experience in innovative urban planning& urban development strategies and people centered multi-stakeholder urban planning processes, including spatial-financial strategies that will address the current challenge of making housing accessible to the poor slum dwellers. This solution also contributes to the challenge of authorities in making smart decisions in the face of competing priorities: should money go to affordable housing, or to basic urban infrastructure, education, health service, food security?
Yes, for two or more years
I’ve worked in a sector related to my idea for at least two years
TELL US A BIT ABOUT YOURSELF
Teshome Shibru is submitting this idea on behalf of Cordaid, a Netherlands based International NGO.
IS THIS A NEW OR RECENT IDEA FOR YOU OR YOUR ORGANIZATION? HOW DOES IT DIFFER FROM WHAT YOU ARE ALREADY DOING?
This idea is a blend of tested urban slum development approaches to be applied in the context of preparing urban slums for effects of climate change, and come up with a robust approach that is scalable in towns found in the same vulnerabilities.
It involves transforming the slums through innovative neighborhood design & implementation strategies that takes in to account the dynamic mix of residents, infrastructures & services and planning to deal with the effects of climate change. Within the framework of neighborhood design; affordable, climate resilient, space-efficient and employment boosting urban infrastructure models that include residential houses, retail and production shades and public and household sanitation facilities and decentralized waste management infrastructure will be proposed. The solution will also formulate a spatial-financial strategies that will facilitate access to housing by the low income slum dwellers.
HOW IS YOUR IDEA DIFFERENT FROM OTHER SIMILAR INITIATIVES? WHAT ARE YOU DOING DIFFERENTLY? WHAT UNIQUE ADVANTAGES DO YOU HAVE?
Our is different in that is area focused, integrated, multi-stakeholder process with advantages:
• Greater impact and cost effectiveness due to alignment of efforts as a result of concerted actions and better coordination of stakeholders;
• Improved local ownership in terms of technical capacity and resource use that ensures quality and sustainability;
• Inclusive and responsive services to the demands of slum dwellers due to improved communication and cooperation between slum dwellers and city government as a result of the multi stakeholder process and community empowerment approaches;
• Climate resilient slum dwellers due to community managed early warning, disaster preparedness & response and climate change adaptation, and its coordination capacity with local government and relevant agencies;
• Sense of community & cohesion due to perceived safety, improved participation in their own development, improved governance due to enhanced capacity to deliver services and open communications etc.
• Our intervention has wider impact, because we focus on soft components of capacity building, which also addresses both demand and supply side advocacy for inclusive development.
WHAT ARE SOME OF YOUR UNANSWERED QUESTIONS ABOUT YOUR IDEA?
Local facts regarding the effects of climate change and future trends.
WHY DO YOU THINK THE PROBLEM YOUR IDEA SOLVES FOR HASN'T BEEN SOLVED YET?
• Limited local level technical capacity to innovate, when conventional methods do not work;
• Limited coordination capacity within the city government: different departments work in isolation from each other and without an integrated plan to improve slums at local levels.
• Most plans are also not developed in a participatory way and do not include the voice of poor slum dwellers;
• Efforts of alignment of services by non-state actors is limited to the understanding of each actor and one to one communication with concerned authority;
• City and local government level capacity limitations to plan and enforce regulations for adaptation to climate changes and DRM;
HOW HAS YOUR IDEA CHANGED BASED ON FEEDBACK FROM YOUR COMMUNITY?
As a result of non structured communication with community leaders, individual slum dwellers & officers from the city government, I understood the limitations of existing CBOs in terms of slum dwellers participation/influence and mandate. The need for new community structure to empower the community to engage in disaster preparedness, response and climate change adaptation activities became relevant. Therefore, the CMDRR mechanism added as an approach, which was not in the original idea.
WHAT WOULD YOU ULTIMATELY LIKE TO ACHIEVE WITH THIS IDEA? WHAT IS YOUR NEXT STEP TO GET THERE?
Long term objective:
Transforming the slums of Adama into an urban flourishing community in the context of climate change and the dynamic urbanization realities:
We do this through:
• Stimulating and facilitating the collaborative efforts of stakeholders that include the slum dwellers, community based organizations, city government etc.
• Adopting and implementing the "Sustainable Urban Development Toolbox" with design & building techniques, urban planning and development strategies that involves people centered & climate resilient growth, an equal social development, a responsible use of natural resources and a good quality spatial surrounding.
How does your idea connect to the broader system of the city where you plan to implement?
From the outset, we will engage all stakeholders and takes in to account their existing and planned initiatives and in the process we will include technical managers of the relevant units of Adama municipality and others to take care of sector polices. For example, there is a current initiative of developing sanitation master plan for the city and this initiative will inform or influence the infrastructure to be climate adaptive and take in to account the needs of the dwellers.
To facilitate negotiation on collaboration modalities and consensus building, we employ serious gaming, which is a type of simulation game - the Urban Collaboration and the Urban Planning Games. These games were designed as a tool for the facilitation and stakeholders involved in a specific area are mobilized around a shared common agenda on the basis of each stakeholder's own interest - action is cooperatively planned and agreed through the identification of win-win solutions for all. Update: Network 12/17