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Addressing fuel poverty and waste management through small scale, older-people led, biogas systems in urban slum.

Supporting the establishment of an innovative community based biogas system to improve waste management and address fuel poverty

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EXPLAIN YOUR IDEA

Two of the major challenges of urbanization in Nepal are fuel poverty and waste management. A survey conducted in all 58 municipalities of Nepal in 2012 found that the average municipal solid waste generation was 317 grams per capita per day which creates 524,000 tons of solid waste each year. Many municipalities are still practicing roadside waste pickup from open piles and open dumping, creating major health risks. Nepal also suffers from fuel poverty. In 2010, Nepal’s electrification rate was only 53 percent (leaving 12.5 million people without electricity) and 76 percent depended on fuelwood for cooking (meaning 20.22 million people placed stress on Nepali forests for their fuel needs) This project will support the establishment of a small scale community biogas plant in order to addess these issues, As local leadership is essential to the sustainability of the initiative, the project will empower older people’s organisation to lead the assessment and biogas initiative, thereby strengthening waste management and access to fuel in their communities. Solid waste will be used as raw materials to generate bio gas through a small scale eco-efficient bio gas plant. The design will be based on a technical assessment bio gas plants. The plant will provide access to vulnerable urban slum households and generate power to provide an urban community with lighting and power. The intiative will be managed by older people's associations in collaboration with local authorities.

WHO BENEFITS?

This project will benefit an urban slum community within the Kathmandu Valley. The community has been selected based on the low access to energy compared to the overall population in addition to the waste management issues. Vulnerable households will benefit directlty from improved energy access and sanitation, while ensuring that the overall community will benefit through energy access for community centres. Older people's organisations will lead the implementation of the project.

HOW DOES YOUR IDEA TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THE CONTEXT OF URBAN SLUMS AND CLIMATE CHANGE?

Comprehensive data and analysis on slums and slum dwellers is limited at least 137 slum neighbourhoods have been identified in Kathmandu, with 6,985 households and 31,463 people. In the Kathmandu valley, between 1985 and 2008, 17 smaller squatter settlements had expanded in size and number to 40 settlements and 2,735 households. These urban slums have limited access to services and are exposed to high poverty and food security risks in addition to problems with waste disposal and energy access. Poor waste management is exposing the residents to health risks, while climate change is exacerbating the risk though exposing slum dwellers to extremes of temperature and rainfall. At the same time, solid-waste bio-gas is 10 times more efficiant then wood and forest based biogas and would reduce emissions if more widely available. This project will complement a number number of existing intiatives exist which are promoting access to solid waste bio-gas including the alternative energy promotion centre and the ADB. This project will have a unique contribution through ensuring community based bio-gas intiatives are informed by an environmental assessment, are built to a small scale sustainable design, and are led and managed by older people's organsiations.

IN-COUNTRY EXPERIENCE

  • Yes, for two or more years

EXPERTISE

  • I’ve worked in a sector related to my idea for at least two years

GEOGRAPHIC FOCUS

  • Yes

TELL US A BIT ABOUT YOURSELF

I am working with HelpAge International. We have a disaster risk reduction team based in Nepal who are working to strengthen older people's resilience and disaster preparedness. A growing need is to ensure innovative solutions to climate change risks and fuel poverty.

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