OpenIDEO is an open innovation platform. Join our global community to solve big challenges for social good. Sign up, Login or Learn more

Community Based School Feeding Programme [Updated 02/07/2015]

Facilitate school feeding to increase enrolment and retention of refugee children in schools.

Photo of Daniel Ameny

Written by

EXPLAIN YOUR IDEA

Our idea is to increase enrollment and retention of refugee children in schools in Kyangwali Refugee Settlement by engaging children, teachers, parents and community members in fun and skilled based community driven gardening enterprises! School and community based gardening activities will be jointly designed by children, teachers, parents and communities and incorporate aspects of nutrition education, modern gardening/farming techniques and skills and activities that can enhance children’s psychosocial well-beings. These activities can also help children easily understand the technical contents that are sometimes hard to grasp.

WHO BENEFITS?

The project benefits both refugee and host community children who have struggled in class because of lack of midday school meals. School enterprises headed by children also equip them with entrepreneurial skills. Innovative community enterprises that support school feeding project can generate household income as well as create awareness of children’s nutrition and education issues among parents

PROTOTYPE

[UPDATE02/07]The user experience map was developed by the team in Kampala, which made us see and realize the crucial roles of children in driving this program. From the awareness creation of the program to the design and development of school garden activities and enterprises, we focused on the question on how we might empower children throughout the process so that they would be able to negotiate important issues that affect their lives with authority figures including parents, community members and school communities. In Kyangwali, the initial prototyping session was conducted with school children and community members including parents. After introducing the refined program idea, participants were asked to imagine the ideal activities in school gardens as well as enterprises that can support the program. They have listed down all the possible contributions that they would like to make to start the school gardens (e.g. supplies of seeds, labor to clean up gardens and planting, firewood, fetching water, garden tools, etc.). Ideas such as exchange visits to successful school gardens in the country as well as setting up demonstration gardens to showcase new modern agricultural techniques were also brought up. The importance of providing children with a balanced nutritional meal, planting crops such as vegetables, cassava, sweet potatoes in the gardens was also mentioned during the session. Ideas of school enterprises that support school feeding program were also listed.

FEEDBACK

During the prototyping session of “ideal gardens” children addressed the concerns on how parents’ participation and involvement in the garden activities as well as school feeding program will change their perceptions on the importance of girls’ education. Children have also expressed if it is possible for school and community enterprise that support school feeding program to accommodate other pressing children’s needs such as scholastic materials and uniforms. Hiring cooks is one of the largest expenses in running the school feeding program. The team has also discussed how we might enhance parents’ support and volunteerism in filling this gap. Ideas of school enterprises that support school feeding program were highly seconded (e.g. soap production to improve hygiene and sanitation and production of energy saving stoves that help reduce the amount of firewood usage in cooking school meals) with identification of local experts from within the community who were previously trained by Action Africa Help (An implementing partner for UNHCR and a P4T partner in CBSFP since 2013) in Soap making and Energy Saving Stoves making.

HOW IS THIS IDEA DIFFERENT FROM WHAT YOUR ORGANIZATION (OR OTHER ORGANIZATIONS) IS ALREADY DOING?

Since 2013, P4T has mobilised school children and their parents to collectively cultivate school gardens to facilitate production of beans and maize (for posho) to feed children and teachers at school. This intervention faced a lot of challenges especially in logistics, and human resource and monitoring. This time round, CBSFP is planning to establish school and community enterprises that will be able to support the program even afterwards when the funded project duration is over. With diverse focus in food production, water and sanitation, energy saving, nutrition education, vegetable growing both in school and communities, the program will have enough income to meet its needs.

HOW WOULD YOU USE AMPLIFY FUNDING AND DESIGN SUPPORT?

Amplify funding will be used to meet costs of implementing CBSFP. To ensure that the project is quickly felt in the community yet sustainable and successful, there will be need for professionals, management systems, logistics for school and community enteprises (such as gardening tools, kitchen equipments, grinding mills, and training kits), training children and community in innovative agriculture, nutrition, sanitation and energy saving among others. Design support will be required in training.

HOW DOES YOUR IDEA TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THE CONTEXT OF THE CHALLENGE?

CBSFP provides an immediate solution to school feeding. Children will begin to eat at school in a duration not later than 3 months (duration it takes to have the first harvest). CBSFP will promote education of both boys and girls who will be able to get food at school in all levels (primary and secondary). More so, school and community enterprises will generate income that will be channeled to support the underprivileged in schools. Since this program is community based, commitment, good will and individual efforts will be valued more that monetary and other material resources that is scarce. CBSFP will include parents, children, teachers from both refugee and host communities.

ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS FROM THE AMPLIFY TEAM

How did the 2013 pilot go? The 2013 pilot went on smoothly amidst challenges especially in areas of acquiring gardening and kitchen logistics and employing support staff. Community members and children strongly supported the program to the extent that in some schools, they could not wait for the first harvest, they contributed maize and beans to prepare lunch for Candidate and semi-candidate classes making the school feeding to begin instantly. So far 2 primary schools and 1 Secondary school are having the program ongoing. What have you changed in response to that experience? Previously, the program did not have aspect of income generation to support the CBSFP but this time, the program will facilitate formation of school enterprises (such as school garden, livestock, vegetable farm, and energy saving) and community enterprises that will all generate income to support sustainable running of CBSFP. The program's focus was only to ensure school children are feeding without considering health and educational benefits that would come along. We have included nutritional aspect, sanitation aspect and energy saving aspects which will all be of great benefit to the program and these knowledge can be transferred to impact children's well being even at the community level. In the pilot, did the community garden yield enough food to make a difference to the children involved? yes, the target food yield was enough except that there was no balanced diet since only two crops (beans and maize) were grown. Did it have an effect on retention of students in the school in question? It has greatly helped in retention of students. During community interviews on pupils in Kyebitaka village in December 2014, there were confessions of reduction in deliberate absenteeism, resumption of schooling by school dropouts and some planned transfer of pupils from Kasonga Primary School to Kinakyeitaka Primary School (which had CBSFP running already). How would you take this idea further - do you think it would work in other refugee camps? Just like the way the program began in 2013 from one school and other schools got interested and managed to adopt. CBSFP can work in other refugee settlements. How did you get the community involved? Parents and Teachers meeting How much time and work does it require of them and were people enthusiastic or reluctant to help? Once in a fortnight Do you think the project would continue without your direct involvement? Yes

SKILL SHARE (optional)

We will need experts in business/enterprise development, water and sanitation, community development, nutrition and livelihoods.

TELL US A BIT ABOUT YOURSELF

We are a team of experts in Kampala and Kyangwali in Uganda who work in the area of refugee protection, nutrition, community organizing and youth empowerment and agriculture.

IS THIS AN IDEA THAT YOU OR YOUR ORGANIZATION WOULD LIKE TO TAKE FORWARD?

  • Yes, and we are implementing/operating partners of UNICEF or UNHCR.

32 comments

Join the conversation:

Comment
Photo of An Old Friend
Team

PLEASE READ THIS TESTIMONY CAREFULLY. I AM USING THIS OPPORTUNITY TO TELL THE WORLD THAT, GREAT MOTHER IS A GIFTED SPELL CASTER. MY HUSBAND LEFT ME FOR NO REASON. I WAS NO LONGER MY SELF AND AT A TIME, I ATTEMPTED TO COMMIT SUICIDE. BUT THANK GOD I CAME ACROSS GREAT MOTHER ONLINE. I READ GOOD REVIEWS ABOUT HER GOOD WORK AND HOW USEFUL AND HELPFUL SHE HAS BEEN TO PEOPLE. I CONTACTED HER AND TOLD HER MY PROBLEM. SHE TOLD ME THAT MY WAN WILL COME BACK TO ME. SHE TOLD ME WHAT TO DO AND I DID IT AND TO MY GREAT SURPRISE MY HUSBAND CAME BACK JUST AS GREAT MOTHER SAID. I EVEN NOTICED THAT WHEN MY HUSBAND RETURNED, HE EVEN LOVE ME MORE. THIS IS NOT BRAIN WASHING BUT GREAT MOTHER OPENED UP HIS EYES TO SEE HOW MUCH LOVE I HAVE FOR HIM AND HOW MUCH LOVE WE OUGHT TO SHARE WITH EACH OTHER. CONTACT HER NOW ON HER EMAIL:
GREATMOTHEROFSOLUTIONTEMPLE@YAHOO.COM AND YOU CAN ALSO CONTACT HER ON WHATSAPP WITH HER NUMBER: +2348078359876 SHE ALSO HAS 2 BLOGS WHICH YOU CAN ALSO USE TO REACH HER. THESE ARE THE BLOGS BELOW. YOU CAN CHECK OUT THE BLOGS TO SEE HER WORK.

GREATMOTHEROFPOWERS.BLOGSPOT.COM
GREATMOTHEROFSOLUTION.BLOGSPOT.COM

Photo of An Old Friend
Team

PLEASE READ THIS TESTIMONY CAREFULLY. I AM USING THIS OPPORTUNITY TO TELL THE WORLD THAT, GREAT MOTHER IS A GIFTED SPELL CASTER. MY HUSBAND LEFT ME FOR NO REASON. I WAS NO LONGER MY SELF AND AT A TIME, I ATTEMPTED TO COMMIT SUICIDE. BUT THANK GOD I CAME ACROSS GREAT MOTHER ONLINE. I READ GOOD REVIEWS ABOUT HER GOOD WORK AND HOW USEFUL AND HELPFUL SHE HAS BEEN TO PEOPLE. I CONTACTED HER AND TOLD HER MY PROBLEM. SHE TOLD ME THAT MY WAN WILL COME BACK TO ME. SHE TOLD ME WHAT TO DO AND I DID IT AND TO MY GREAT SURPRISE MY HUSBAND CAME BACK JUST AS GREAT MOTHER SAID. I EVEN NOTICED THAT WHEN MY HUSBAND RETURNED, HE EVEN LOVE ME MORE. THIS IS NOT BRAIN WASHING BUT GREAT MOTHER OPENED UP HIS EYES TO SEE HOW MUCH LOVE I HAVE FOR HIM AND HOW MUCH LOVE WE OUGHT TO SHARE WITH EACH OTHER. CONTACT HER NOW ON HER EMAIL:
GREATMOTHEROFSOLUTIONTEMPLE@YAHOO.COM AND YOU CAN ALSO CONTACT HER ON WHATSAPP WITH HER NUMBER: +2348078359876 SHE ALSO HAS 2 BLOGS WHICH YOU CAN ALSO USE TO REACH HER. THESE ARE THE BLOGS BELOW. YOU CAN CHECK OUT THE BLOGS TO SEE HER WORK.

GREATMOTHEROFPOWERS.BLOGSPOT.COM
GREATMOTHEROFSOLUTION.BLOGSPOT.COM

Photo of Japhet Aloyce Kalegeya
Team

The Community Based School Feeding Program, audience can be community members, UNCEF , UNHCR representatives, school children, teachers etc.

Photo of Japhet Aloyce Kalegeya
Team

The Community Based School Feeding Program, can be taken forward to other refugee camps, whether financing will be available to support this program, because the nutrition problem still remained a major problem in refugee camps and to the community as a whole.

Photo of Daniel Ameny
Team

That's right Japhet, somehow CBSFP will shoot many birds with the same stone... as we try to support teaching and learning, the entire community population will unconditionally benefit from the nutritional aspect.
Taking this program to other refugee camps and settlements is one of the easiest feasible thing. Since the idea is for the community, the most important role to play is plant this in their mind and you will have the community getting naive in excitement to try it out. That's exactly what happened in Kyangwali.

Photo of AMPLIFY Team
Team

Hi Daniel,

As you know we've had a number of experts take a look at your idea. One of our experts has a question for you! If you could please spend some time addressing their questions that would be great!

" How did the 2013 pilot go? What have you changed in response to that experience? / - In the pilot, did the community garden yield enough food to make a difference to the children involved? Did it have an effect on retention of students in the school in question? / - How would you take this idea further - do you think it would work in other refugee camps? / - How did you get the community involved? How much time and work does it require of them and were people enthusiastic or reluctant to help? Do you think the project would continue without your direct involvement?"

"Ensure you provide ways to connect kids to the efforts they are doing. / / Kids want: / _Choice / _Collaboration / _Performance / _Audience / / Always finds was to check these attributes to ensure their sustained involvement. Be sure to celebrate everyone's efforts throughout the season. / / Also make it fun and a delightful experience. Can the kids have special hats or shirts that they wear in the gardens? / / The New York Road Runners have a Mighty Milers program that encourage running in school. They have a tired system to establish goals and achievement for the students. They have small rewards at the levels. There maybe some lessons to borrow. http://www.nyrr.org/youth-and-schools/mighty-milers"

Thanks!

The Amplify Team

Photo of Benvenue Byamungu
Team

Hello Amplify Team,
In 2013 school feeding programs; with no resources or fund P4T initiated the program where its build stakeholders attention to participate in the program. We held different meetings both among school children, teachers. School management committee (SMC), parent Teacher Association (PTA), community and religious leaders, and general community. We also extend having meeting with the office of the prime minister (OPM) in collaboration in providing schools enough land or to those schools had no land at all. Where OPM agreed to and appreciated P4T for coming up with this innovative idea of CBSFP.

Formation of school clubs and parent committee were formed in some schools to over seen manage and monitor the program hence sustainable ways through empowering them.

Coming up with this programs. Has helped many refugees children to go back or start schooling. Shukuru aged 15 an orphan girls living in mukarange village was dropout due to hunger. Many orphans, disability has got hope to continued with their studies. Feeding at schools has encourages vulnerable refugee children to concentrate, performs well in classes, and reduction on stomach suffering from ulcers and manultrion problems reduced.

P4T vision on community based school feeding program was not only focus in kyangwali refugees camp with its host community, but our dreams is big as we focus on free hunger school children. Yes, this idea can work/extends to other refugees camps depending on available resources.

Photo of Shane Zhao
Team

Hi Daniel, the Refinement Phase will be closing shortly. It'd be great if you can take some time to answer the new Refinement questions that we've added to your original idea submission form. To answer the new questions, hit the Edit Contribution button at the top of your post. Scroll down to the entry fields of the new Refinement questions. Hit Save when you are done editing.

Also, it'll be helpful if you can upload a User Experience Map http://ideo.pn/UX_Map to help us to better understand how you envision how your programme might work. Looking forward to the updates!

Photo of ronald ssenfuka
Team

Hi Daniel,
Your idea looks interesting, could you please share more about how refugees will be engaged and empowered.

Photo of Bienvenue Byamungu
Team

Hello Ronald, children will be engaged by formation of school feeding clubs for pupils children and community members with its leadership structures and will receive capacity building to manage school feeding. Parent, school management committee, parent teacher association, school administration will closely work with children and community by empowering them to manage school/community garderns and produce a diversity of crops that are used for school feeding.

The project will create awareness among out of school children, caretakers and parents about the value and importance of education and promote children's right to participation and decision making power over issues that affect their lives.

Photo of Japhet Aloyce Kalegeya
Team

Hi. Daniel Ameny, Conglaturation for your good Idea and selected in refinement phase. Let me add my insight, Iodine, iron and other nutrients are needed for health brain development. When the diets of pregnant women and young children lack these nutrients, children are less able to develop well and will perform poorly at schools. So Targeing school children with nutrition interverntions is important for serveral resons. Firstly school children will be future parents and care givers, and what they learn at school has an important influence on whether or not they adop good nutrition behaviours both during their school years and later life. Secondrly, actions to reduce hunger during the school hour can improve their attendance, concentration and ability to learn, which can lead to better learning outcomes.
Here are some question which I want to know from you
Q: What have you learned from earlier experiences and how will this be different or build on those experiences?
Q: What partnerships you are establishing and how they will lead to sustainability?

Photo of Venkatesh Ramanujam
Team

One of the way to retain children is by motivating them, probably by giving some ration card credit / monetary credit. Its a nice way to develop the agriculture as well, this is a similar idea which pays them stipend for attending school and again this idea needs partnership with UNICEF and UNHCR https://openideo.com/challenge/refugee-education/ideas/social-fashion-to-raise-fund-and-give-training-to-other-youngsters-in-various-fields-which-helps-in-their-career

Photo of AMPLIFY Team
Team

Congratulations on making it to the Refugee Education Challenge Refinement List, Daniel! We’re excited to see an idea meant for implementation in Kyangwali. In our pre-challenge research, we learned about the importance of school lunch programs and are interested to learn more about what you are proposing. How will your idea differ from the program that you mention has existed in the settlement for the last two years? Do you have connections to the settlement that will allow you to test and get feedback on this idea? We see that you are working as part of a team, which is great! Can you tell us a little more about who is involved and who might be interested in implementing this idea?

Also, we hope you will upload a User Experience Map http://ideo.pn/UX_Map to help us to better understand how you envision how your programme might work. Great to have you in the Challenge!

Photo of An Old Friend
Team

Hello Daniel. Congratulations on making it to the refinement phase. We should meet and brainstorm on refining the idea! The Innovation Center team is available to support. Chantel would be great asset to the team and it makes great sense to include permaculture in the model. Thanks,Alex

Photo of OpenIDEO
Team

Congrats on making it to the Refinement Phase Daniel! We would love it if you can take some time to answer the new Refinement questions that we've added to your original idea submission form. To answer the new questions, hit the Edit Contribution button at the top of your post. Scroll down to the entry fields of the new Refinement questions. Hit Save when you are done editing.

Also, here's a useful tip: When you update the content of your post, it'd be helpful to indicate this in your idea title by adding an extension. For example, you can add the extension " - Update: Experience Maps 5/11" to you idea title. This will be a good way to keep people informed about how your idea is progressing!

Photo of Lianne Kennedy-Boudali
Team

Hi Daniel! I think your focus on engaging the entire community in gardening is fantastic. You'll help students get the food they need, and by involving parents, you'll deepen their commitment to keeping their children in school. Teaching new gardening techniques is a great hook to get the parents engaged. Do you anticipate that the gardens will produce more food than the kids need? Would they be able to raise money for the school or, alternately, use any profits for learning financial skills through a micro-lending program?

Photo of Hassan Bashir Ahmed
Team

Great ideas!and also through community empowerment can play a big role to contribute their views which will make smarter,because some places where stay kakuma refugee camp in Kenya which mostly students benefited and the quality may be very poor for these feeding programme so I would have add on if the donnors and the concern NGO's sit with refugee communities it can improve and change completely the standard of the feeding programme in the Camps.

Photo of Philip Jones
Team

Hi Daniel,

Great looking project! We are developing an idea based around using innovative-farming systems as educational tools (https://openideo.com/challenge/refugee-education/ideas/using-resource-efficient-agricultural-systems-as-edible-cross-curricula-learning-platforms/comments#c-5be3bea579f9573b558382aa434128e5) and I think there could be great synergy between our two ideas. We are looking for partners to help us implement our idea - would you be interested in collaborating with us?

Phil

Photo of Daniel Ameny
Team

Chantel, you are very welcome to the team. We wish to use the best technology and methods in this CBSFP. Your contribution will be very useful not only in schools but even in refugee community who can adopt the permaculture after witnessing in schools thereby promoting food security both in schools and homes.
Share with the team the idea so that we can get more light.

Photo of Shane Zhao
Team

Daniel, here's a helpful tip: when posting a response, hit the Reply button directly below the comment that you're addressing. This way, Chantel will get a notification when you post a reply to her comment. You may want to repost your reply so Chantel by hitting the blue Reply button located on the lower left hand corner of her comment.

Photo of Chantel Welch
Team

Thank you for your response, Daniel. I apologize for not seeing it sooner, I am on the road for about ten days, moving and have intermittent internet access. For a more in depth understanding, I encourage you to read and share the draft of my paper on Permaculture in refugee camps (https://openideo.com/challenge/refugee-education/ideas/permaculture-green-spaces-for-mental-health-and-community-building). A link to the paper is at the bottom of the page.

Integrating permaculture into schools would include planting long-term fruit and food bearing trees, that also serve as shady places to sit and shade for the buildings. School gardens can be planted, and gardens can be used to teach lessons as well, both on nutrition and health and on real-world concepts such as mathematics, vocabulary, etc. Here in Arizona, local schools have seen an increase in test scores for students who participate in these garden-based lessons. School gardens have also increase food security for the family, as schools hold small, low-cost farmers markets for the parents of students to shop at.

Green spaces, whether food producing or simply a shady place to sit/walk, have been shown to be beneficial for those suffering from exposure to traumatic events- here in North America many programs for returning soldiers are based in garden/farm settings or in the outdoors, as they provide a safe and relaxing experience for participants.

I hope that this has been helpful - I look forward to talking with you all more about permaculture and food security!

Photo of Chantel Welch
Team

Hello team CBSFP! I would love to work with you on integrating permaculture design into your school feeding and gardening program. I have recently worked on some prototype designs for integrating permaculture systems into refugee camps, and I am working with a colleague in Nicaragua to use permaculture as a food security support for local schools, as well as an energy conserve and a green space for community gathering.
Let me know if you would be interested in talking more about permaculture/restoration agriculture. I think it could be a great benefit to school gardening programs!

Photo of Keiko Odashiro
Team

Daniel and team, congratulation for the submission!!! Great photos as well. I am so glad that with almost no input from anybody, community with the leadership of teachers took the issue of children's education needs very seriously and has pulled in available resources to make this happen. Also kudos to P4T members who have encouraged parents and community to buy in this idea and involved children in school feeding clubs. After prototyping the idea, we may be able to get a lot of feedback from community members, parents, teachers and children! I can't wait to hear feedback from them.

Keiko

Photo of Veronica
Team

Hullo Daniel and the Kyangwali team,
Thank you for submitting this great idea. I am in support of this idea. I had submitted a similar idea for Kyangwali but will now mobilize our team and the community at large to support Daniel's idea. By all means, children should be supported to be nourished at school to facilitate learning. In addition to feeding, children should be taught agronomy and entrepreneurship for sustainability of their welfare. Once children learn these important skills, it does not matter their location on earth, they will thrive.
Veronica

Photo of Keiko Odashiro
Team

Hi Veronica,

Great, thank you for supporting! Yes, we can converge our forces. I just received a phone call from Sarah, Africa Action Help that we have about five schools already venturing into school feeding program. It is so amazing, with almost zero inputs, using available community resources, parents, children and teachers were mobilized to keep the children at school through providing mid-day meals. Hiring cook is always a challenge financially, but I also heard that there are two parents in Kentome Primary School where they are volunteering as cook. We should definitely get stories of these parents!
Keiko

Photo of robert hakiza
Team

Congratulation Daniel for this good idea!
Looking forward on how it will evolve

Photo of Mpiima Jamiru
Team

Great work team

Photo of Hannah Tran
Team

Great ideas!

Photo of OpenIDEO
Team

Congrats on this post being featured in this week's highlights! https://openideo.com/blog/refugee-education-weekly-highlights-may-15-2015

Photo of Shane Zhao
Team

Great idea Daniel and team! During the research phase, we learned that proper nourishment is critical to the emotional wellbeing and performance of refugee children in school. It's great to see this often overlooked issue be addressed here. It'd be helpful to describe how this approach will play out by describing some example scenarios of the proposed activities you've outlined. The attached Experience Map template in the Prototype section is a great way to start.

We're also glad to see Alex on this team! Perhaps there might be some insights that can be drawn from the Promoting Local Nutritional Solutions idea from the 0-5 Challenge? https://openideo.com/challenge/zero-to-five/top-ideas/solve-two-legumes-one-cereal-meal-for-smart-children Another idea to reach out and exchange some insights with is Diego's Fooducation idea: https://openideo.com/challenge/refugee-education/ideas/fooducation

Looking forward to how this will evolve!

Photo of An Old Friend
Team

Thanks Shane. We have carefully formed the team for this idea to bring on board all the necessary expertise to design sustainable and multi-dimensional and sectoral solution to key challenges refugee students face...hidden hunger. Given the distress faced, a good school meal could act as great therapy and appetizer for better learning and outcomes.

We want to make use of the community and school resources to make gardening fun yet great source of learning difficult concepts. Hence, the sustainable school feeding program that engages all stakeholders greatly.

Racheal is providing technical support through Two Legumes, One cereal project so we can empower these communities with attitudes, knowledge and practices needed to have nutritious yet affordable meals each day.

Photo of Shane Zhao
Team

Thanks for sharing the extra details Alex. It's to see how this initiative is building off the momentum and expertise of the Two Legumes program. Daniel mentioned that a pilot community based school feeding has been in place since 2013. It'd be great to update this idea with some lessons learned and insights from the pilot in Kyangwali.