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CO2 to Fiber Cups

Our technology of creating synthesized cellulose from CO2 and H2O can make a paper cup and the diverse paper goods.

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Idea Title

Idea Summary

All of the paper goods such as the cups, bowls, napkins, etc. in the store can be made from synthesized cellulose and turn into renewable electricity generation in the store for the store usage.

Company / Organization Name (if applicable)


Please include a visual (can be either 2D or 3D) representation/prototype of your concept. (required)

This solution addresses which of the following:

  • All of the Above
  • Reusable System

How is your concept recoverable?

The special facility contains the special catalyst, burner and thermoelectric modules which is not bigger than that of a personal-sized refrigerator so it can easily be integrated into an already established space. There is also no need to transport the waste as it can all be recycled on site. The special catalyst changes any kinds of organics to bio-oil with very high efficiency, which means that the synthesized paper goods and any kinds of the organic waste including the coffee grounds, regardless of wet or dry are changed into the bio-oil. The bio-oil will be burned in the special small burner to generate hot water with no harmful pollutant flue gas. Then the heated water is supplied thermoelectric modules which convert the heat into electricity that can be used for the store usage. As a whole, the store will use eco-friendly renewable energy and the store sustains alone without any kinds of energy from outside.

How have you incorporated additional sustainability attributes (beyond recoverability) into your solution?

The cellulose is synthesized from CO2 and H2O with clean energy, which is very similar with the photosynthesize by the plant in nature. CO2 must be reduced from the air to minimize the global warming problem. Our process generates no pollutants, no needs to cut down trees, and no harms to the Earth, instead releases oxygen to the environment. As a result, our solution can reduce CO2 and release oxygen, which means that our solution is perfectly sustainable.

What regions do you plan to address with your solution (and how will you accomplish this)?

We plan to initially start our solution and scale up in South Korea and then move onto a global scale.

Describe your target market. Who will benefit from your product?

Our target market is cafes and fast-food chain restaurants for developed paper goods and to retail the raw material for paper-based products for commercial purposes. Our product benefits everyone as it is beneficial to the environment through the reduction of waste and CO2 and no need to cut down trees. Companies benefit from the cost-effectiveness of our waste disposal system regarding electricity and the lack of need to have the waste moved or treated.

What is the current stage of development of your idea?

  • Prototyping

What are the biggest challenges you are facing today? What are existing gaps in your solution?

Today we are facing financial support challenges to meet our goal of a mass production facility.

Mentorship Needs (please select up to 3)

  • Business Model Development
  • Growth and Scaling
  • Fundraising / Finance

Tell us about yourself and your team. What is your background and experience?

We are a team in South Korea made up of passionate individuals with several years of diverse research and design experience among us and a desire to improve our technology to the benefit of all and our environment.

In what city are you located?


In what country are you located?

South Korea

What is your legal / organizational structure? (if applicable)


Please describe how becoming a Top Idea will support the growth of your concept.

Becoming a Top Idea will give us the exposure and guidance needed to find investors to succeed the mass production needs. Our solution is unique and sustainable, and we believe that it will make a real impact on the market for paper goods and the environment. We also wish to eventually expand our goal to include solving the worldwide garbage problem and generating clean electric energy. Being a Top Idea will make this possible by giving us the guidance and support we need.

How did you hear about the Challenge?

  • In the news


When we came to know about the NextGen Cup Challenge we were very keen to participate and so, we are proud to present our synthesized cellulose technology we hope through the help of this challenge, we can bring about its positive effects to the entire world.

Material / Recoverability Plan

Material Overview The synthesized cellulose a type of pure cellulose that is similar to the natural raw material used for pulp. The disposable tableware using synthesized cellulose minimizes pollution to the environment during the disposal process caused by burning or burial. There are several ways to recycle the used disposable tableware made from synthesized cellulose such as recycling it to make toilet paper, napkins, wallpaper etc. They can also be buried in the ground as it is compostable, or be converted into bio oil using the Greenecos technology. The recycling process will result in much less pollution as compared to the conventional used disposable tableware treatment. Recoverability Plan Our recommendation on recycling the used synthesized cellulose disposable tableware, along with any organic waste is to convert them to bio oil which thereafter will be able to generate electricity with the help of thermoelectric modules that Greenecos produces. The whole recycling process will be able to be done within the same premises therefore making the converting of the synthesized cellulose disposable tableware into bio oil the most efficient way to recycle.


The Greenecos technology comprises of several unique technologies. First, is the capture of CO2 with the use of the flue gas. Second is the synthesizing of pure cellulose from CO2 and water with low potential energy. Third is the direct shaping of the tableware (e.g. cups, bowls, plates) from the the synthesized cellulose without the use of molds. Fourth is the converting of the used synthesized cellulose disposable tableware along with other organic materials into bio oil by using a special catalyst with no waste generated in the process. Fifth is the electric generation with thermoelectric modules in an economical way. The Greenecos technology ensures sustainability as the materials required are CO2 and H2O with low potential energy which has unlimited supply. Adding to that, the disposal of products will not be harmful to the environment and human life. We are planning to set up a mass production line that will produce up to a million sets per month. This proves that the technology used is economic and sustainable. The main target of my technology is two things. One, is to get the competitive productivity to the conventional tableware in production capacity and unit price, and two is to allow shops to be energy free. (not needing or being dependant on the outer electric grid and be free of disposals)

Final Prototype


The synthesized cellulose disposable tableware must have resistance especially to hot water for hot drink and to oil for fried food. The paper cups have to protect from risk of burning of the skin when it comes in contact with the cup while the coffee is still hot. Conventional cups have cup holders to protect the skin from burns while our synthesized cellulose disposable cups are thick enough to protect the skin from burning without the use of cup holders. There are also no harmful materials that will be dissolved in the drink thanks to our eco-friendly ceramic coating technology that makes it waterproof. However our future plan is to make the cups both hot and cold, that require waterproofing not need an inner coating but instead develop a compact that is just pure cellulose. The synthesized cellulose disposable bowls and plates,, have oil resistance that withstands more than 5 minutes of full power microwave operation because of the pure cellulose.

Ecosystem Placement

If the food-service industry accepts my disposable tableware, then it can be recycled within any shop. This means that there is no more or a much lesser need to dispose of them. The entire process from manufacturing up till disposal will be ecological, economical to the food-service industry. It is also possible to meet any requirements in terms of shape, thickness, quantity and price. They will also be able to address organic waste problem by using any organic material and converting them to bio oil without producing any pollutants in the process.

Rollout Plan

We are done with our R&D process and we are under the design phase for the first mass production line with the capacity of one million sets per month, this will take an estimate of four months. The one million sets includes cups, bowls and plates not customised orders. During this stage, we must get investment money for the next step. The procurement and assembling of the production line will take about six months. The lease of the factory and other activities such as procurement of the catalyst and other required materials will be done in this time. The factory will be in my city for the success of development. During the test operation, tuning and correcting it’s performance will take two months. As a result, the first mass production of the synthesized cellulose disposable tableware on the market will take about a year assuming there is sufficient investment money. Several tableware makers are waiting for our disposable tableware to go on sale as the Korean government is pushing us to use eco-friendly tableware.

Business Model Canvas

Prize Funding

The designing of the mass production line is currently on-going. We intend to use the prize funding for the development of the first mass production line. We hope that we can invest this money into the future for us to minimise global warming by capturing of CO2 fore us to live in a cleaner world.

NextGen Accelerator

  • Yes, I am interested in participating in the NextGen Cup Accelerator

Optional Team Video

I am confident that we have the dream team for the NextGen Cup Challenge. As the CEO for Greenecos, my major is in environmental protection and my CTO has lots of experience in the engineering process. We have set out to work hard in what we do to minimize pollution and save the earth for the generations to come and because of this, started our journey to solve the problem of tens and billions of disposable tableware going to waste every year.

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In general, how much electricity do you think each cup would produce while being recycled?

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