Urban Community Mobilization Application (UCMA): A digital solution to overcome urban immunization challenges in India
A mobile-based solution to boost effective coverage, completeness and timeliness of immunization services in urban areas
Describe what you intend to do and how you'll do it in one to two sentences (required 350 Characters)
To mitigate the urban immunization challenges, we aim to use UCMA, a mobile based application for community mobilization. UCMA aims at identifying and tracking mobile, under-immunized children from urban slums. We plan to partner with state governments, urban nodal bodies and development partners to implement this innovation.
Explain the innovation (2,500 characters)
Improving routine immunization in the urban population is an essential component in addressing immunization coverage and equity. According to NFHS-4 (2015-16) report, overall coverage in Urban India was 63.9% as compared to 61.3% in rural India. Much of the progress comes from rural areas (from 39% to 61%) whereas urban areas witness surprisingly low improvements over a decade (from 58% to 64%). This low-paced improvement can be majorly attributed to:
• Transient groups and seasonal migration complicating the estimation of target populations for routine immunization services
• Unstructured urban communities leading to difficulty in enumeration & tracking of the beneficiary in unrecognized areas
To mitigate the challenges of huge paper-work by the ANMs, ANMOL (ANM Online), an android-based tablet application was launched in January 2016 by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The application enables ANMs to enter and update the service records of beneficiaries on real time basis, and ensures prompt entry and updating of data. The information is readily available at any given point of time because of which enumeration and tracking of unimmunized children has become easy. It is currently operational in 139 districts across 6 states (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Himachal Pradesh).
ANMOL is predominantly used in rural settings and to make ANMOL equally applicable to urban settings, we propose using UCMA, a mobile based application to enable community mobilizers manage healthcare data with ease and accuracy. It will help the mobilizers in generating daily and weekly plans, preparing immunization due lists and have a real-time access to the updated due-lists. UCMA will render 4 basic services -ANC, PNC, Delivery and Immunization, making it a comprehensive and one-stop solution for primary and preventive health services. It will use unique identification number available in the AADHAR cards (government identity proof) of the household head for registering new population. UCMA will also have context specific audio-visual IEC materials for counselling caregivers. The mobilizers can enter and update beneficiary information in the mobile app, during home visits, which will be uploaded real-time to the server. The uploaded immunization data will be auto-synthesized to generate day wise reports of beneficiaries.
Which part(s) of the world does this innovation target?
The proposed technological innovation is planned to be simultaneously rolled out in two states of India, Telangana (Hyderabad) and Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal), that are currently implementing the ANMOL application.
Who will work alongside your organization in the project idea? (1,000 characters)
We will partner and collaborate with Telangana and Madhya Pradesh State Governments – who will work as the main implementers – urban nodal bodies, development partners, and a local IT agency for the successful implementation of UCMA. Regular meetings will be held to improve project coordination, and to review progress of the innovation activities, administrative coverage, supervision and monitoring reports and implement corrections where coverage is low, identify pockets of missed children and report problems concerning operational aspects of the same. The highest level of political and administrative ownership, commitment and support needs to be sustained for successfully implementing this innovative solution. The collaboration between the stakeholders will complement each other’s strengths, and help in coordinating the activities.
How is your idea unique? (750 characters)
Our solution unlocks the full potential of ANMOL by digitalizing data entry and tracking. UCMA will complement ANMOL by integrating the efforts of urban mobilizers in areas with high density and migration. The app will help bridge the gap between the community and the service delivery points, and act as an important tool for optimizing mobilizers efforts in efficient field planning. It further doubles up as a job aid that improves the quality of interpersonal communication (IPC). It will be a simple, cost effective and a scalable innovative solution to the challenges of urban immunization.
What is the name of your organization
JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc.
Explain your organization (250 characters)
We are driven by a commitment to improve health of individuals and communities, with particular focus on underserved and vulnerable populations. UCMA aims to boost immunization coverage among vulnerable urban population with rapid population growth.
Type of Submitter
We are a registered NGO or Non-Profit Organization
Gender and Diversity (500 characters)
We are committed to making gender equality as a basic human right. We strongly believe and advocate women's empowerment in achieving our organization goals. Our hiring policies and institutional mechanism are focused on creating a gender-neutral space. Our selection criteria are never determined on the basis on gender or diversity. All the job postings specially encourage women candidates to apply. We ensure a balance and equal representation of women in our senior management team.
Organization Location (less than 250 Characters)
We are headquartered in Boston and has 8 offices across the United States with more than 40 international offices, including one in India. To deepen its partnership with India, John Snow India Private Limited was set up in 2013 in New Delhi.
Size of organization (number of employees):
Scale of organizational work
National (expansive reach within one country)
Tell us more about you
We, at JSI R&T Inc., are a team of expert public health professionals who are recognized for their technical excellence, commitment to public health, client satisfaction, and contributions of knowledge to the health care field. The team for this intervention will consist:
Dr. Prem Singh is a Research Expert (Focal Person)
Dr. Sanjay Kapur, Executive Director who will oversight
Dr. Pritu Dhalaria, ITSU Project Director who will serve as Team Lead
Mr. Raju Tamang, IT Expert
Ms. Jhimly Baruah, Communication Lead
Dr. Deepak Polakar and Dr. Gopal Krishna Soni as Immunization Experts
Mr. Vishal Aggarwal, M&E Manager
Ms. Apurva Rastogi, Project Officer
This team will be engaged on a part-time basis for this innovation.