A village in India features a successful toilet block design which allows womens' conversations to flow freely.
It took a scuffle with villagers for a rural development officer to understand why community toilets were not succeeding in rural Vidarbha. Women in villages, explained local resident Sangita Gore, go out for defecation in groups – partly for safety from wild animals and partly because it offers the busy women a chance to socialise with distant neighbours... [In regular toilet blocks] “we feel stifled and scared,” said Gore. “We’d rather be in the fresh air and in touch.”
The new toilets were built in a semicircle instead of in a row. They had no doors because women do not use them. The walls between cubicles were raised only halfway so that women could see and talk to each other. Full article on Down to Earth:
What additional social factors need to be considered when it comes to the design of sanitation facilities?