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How Different Branches of Psychology Study Mind and Behavior

To provide a clear-cut idea about the various schools of psychology, a guide is discussed below.

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Abnormal PsychologyAbnormal psychology, which is more widely understood as clinical psychology is the study of pathological and malfunctioned behaviour. Psychologists who are specialised in this particular field are focused on finding treatments and resolutions for individuals suffering from mental disorders. Hence, psychological disorders like anxiety, depressions, personality disorders and more are extensively studied under this domain. Through comprehensive case studies and experiments, psychologists have introduced numerous effective treatment plans that do not necessarily require medication.

BiopsychologyThis is a field of psychology that effectively deals with the relationship of neurons, neurotransmitters, and other cellular activities with mind, behaviour, and drives. It is mainly driven by the motive to study the influence of brain activities on cognitions, emotions, and behaviour. Biology, neuroscience, and physiology are the crucial sub-domains that further campaign and elaborate on the understanding of physical and non-physical entities; mind and brain.

Behavior PsychologyThis field of psychology was introduced during a transformative period in history; this was the time when psychologists like John Watson and van Pavlov took centre stage and enforced the idea of conditioning with evidence and scientific inquiry. It was also an attempt to convert and prove that psychology is a scientific field rather than a domain of arts and humanities. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are the two evolutionary ideas that suggest the change or modification of behaviour. Hence, with the practice of behavioural strategies like shaping, positive and negative reinforcements, token economy, you can observe real alterations in observable behaviour.   

Comparative PsychologyComparative psychology is an extremely significant field of education, especially if you want to have a broader and more introspective understanding of human mind and behaviour. In this specific category, research is conducted on animals to gain insight into the normative functioning of human brain and behaviour. Individuals related to this discipline also find themselves contributing to the fields of genetics, biology, anthropology, and ecology.

Cross-Cultural PsychologyWe’re living in a world where thousands of cultures independently exist. Moreover, they have influenced majorly on the inhabitants and followers. Therefore, considering its sufficient significance, The International Association of Cross-Cultural Psychology was introduced in the early 1970s. This establishment resulted in an increased number of academic geniuses joining hands to study the influence of society and culture on individual behaviour and cognitions. 

Forensic Psychology

This domain serves as a connection between psychology and the law. Hence, psychologists in this field have a crucial role in evaluating and determining the mental state of criminals. The purpose of this field is to study and distinguish the mental functioning of sociopaths and psychopaths from those of ordinary human beings. Moreover, they play a fundamental role in the legal case of juveniles.

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