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Utilizing the leached land areas in Southern Borno will increase food quality and quantity by 2050

Increasing food quality and quantity for better living by 2050

Photo of Bullus Pindar Njani

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Lead Applicant Organization Name

NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION RESEARCH AND LIAISON SERVICES (NAERLS), ZARIA, NIGERIA

Lead Applicant Organization Type

  • Government

If part of a multi-stakeholder entity (i.e. team), provide the names of other organizations and types of stakeholders collaborating with you.

KCBC Partners

How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?

  • Just beginning now

Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?

Maiduguri

Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?

Nigeria

Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?

Askira, Askira/Uba Local Government area, it has an area of 2,362 km² and a population of 138,091 at the 2006 census.

What country is your selected Place located in?

Nigeria

Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.

I'm an indigen, born and brought up there and my friend, relatives and parent still live there. 

Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.

Kibaku is a tribe who are predominantly live in Askira and Chibok Local government area. It is a land in the eastern part of Borno State, which houses one of Africas bravest people: The Kibaku people, according to oral tradition, the Kibaku is an ethnocultural fusion of Babir/Bura, Kanuri, Kilba, Margi, Shuwa, and Fulani. They came to Chibok Hills from about 18th century when the Kanem-Bornu empire was disintegrating. The 19th-century jihad and slave raids would force many ethnic groups to move away from their original locations to new ones. And as a result, the Chibok Hills came to be inhabited by the Pulai/Warga who came all the way from Viyu Kithla (Biu) and Kwanda who came from Konduga, Tstitihil from Maiva, Karagu from Birnin Ngazargamu and other locations. With an estimated population of twenty thousand as of 1968, the Kibaku people which are naturally fearless and brave are made up of thirty-eight different clans and sub-clans which includes Pulai, Mungai, Tsitihil, Whuntaku Pirkiu, Midiraku, Kagyau, Karagau, Kwapul, Kwangwala, Gaskil, Ngiwar, Kwapurai, Njir-Dawa, Aduwarama and Hirpaya. It is these different groups that formed the Kibaku ethnic group and developed the Kibaku language. However, they were not governed by a particular authority. They simply lived in self-autonomous communities. And talking about the bravery of these fearless people, oral tradition has it that during the olden days, when a chief in Biu dies, the new chief that is to assume the position of the departed was taken to Chibok for a kind of rite before an installation can take place. Upon his arrival, he would be helped by a "Chibok girl" to mount a rock (called ‘Muyar Patha’) in Wantaku and an exhortation would be made about him before being taken back to Biu for the coronation. The Kibaku people have one special story they've carried for long. It's about a king whose dwelling place was in the mountains and had a rock throne that his subjects were allowed to approach only by sitting down facing away from it. They never looked at him. "If a king cannot be a king like a king should be a king, there should be no king at all," he said. However, it is important to note here that the early kings of the Kibaku people were called “Mai.” And amongst the early mais were Mai Jatau, Mai Njaba, Mai Gana. But presently, the mais have been reduced to district head under the Borno Emirate Council. And like most ethnic group across Nigeria, clan leadership among the Kibaku people is based on age.

What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?

20000

Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.

Due to constant farming activities, the farm land in Askira/Uba has depleted, leading to the peasants farmers to go as far as they can to get a fatal land due to the rise in the cost of fertilizer in the country. Now, the issue of Boko haram came in which make the life in Borno a living hell. Right on top of your bed your not safe how can you think of going far away from your home. Normally, the villagers use to keep farm animals like cattle in other to help them during farming by using them to tiled the soil (to turn up the soil for better crop growth nutrients) and their faeces are serve as organic manure on the farm, now they are no more after they were cataway by the Boko harams.

       Land ownership: this is one of the challenges which the farmers faced. Lack of the enough agricultural land for at least shifting cultivation to be practice.

      Erosion: The constant harrowing, burning, and the scash vegetation make the land prone to the heavy rainfall during the raining season and the early season wind which carry away the top soil. 

Deforestation: Women can't go far away to look for fire wood this activities render the farm land sparse 

Bush burning: Villagers burn their surrounding for proper vision against Boko haram attack has render the land unfertil and lead to low productivity.

This issues will only lead to
1. low and poor quality food as the life goes on because the Government is struggling to only tackle the issue of Boko haram which is still going on.
2. Poor health and manultrition
3. Even the next generation to join Boko haram
4. poor education

5. Poor shelter 

Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.

With proper management and the aids of modern tools, lead to betterment of food system

In Agriculture, leaching is the loss of water-soluble plant nutrients from the soil, due to rain and irrigation. Soil structure, crop planting, type and application rates of fertilizers, and other factors are taken into account to avoid excessive nutrient loss. Leaching may also refer to the practice of applying a small amount of excess irrigation where the water has a high salt content to avoid salts from building up in the soil ( salinity control ). Where this is practiced, drainage must also usually be employed, to carry away the excess water.
1 proper drainage channels on the farms
2 Use of adequate and proper micro and macro nutrients to the soil
3 By the use of Electrowinning
Electrowinning is used to recover copper from
leach solutions containing more than approximately 25 g/L of copper. The electrolytic cells are equipped with insoluble lead antimony anodes and 99% Ni cathodes. The copper powder deposits do not stick, and gravitate to the bottom of the cells. The temperature of the electrolyte is maintained at 333 K; cathode current varies from 1350 to 2700 A/m . When the copper concentration falls below 15 g/L, the electrolyte is drained and used for feed ore leaching. Processing of particle size of the powder prior to heat treatment.
Specific cropping system tools for managing leaching include use of grass cover crops, adding a legume to a rotation, and adding crops that more fully utilize the soil-water resources. The primary water-management tool to reduce N leaching is irrigation scheduling.

High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.

With sustainable and improved Agriculture practice will lead to:

1. Free hunger 

2. Better education 

3. Reduce conflict between the people of the communities due to the issues of land ownership

4. Improved quantity and quality of the food. 

5. Utilize the abandoned land 

6. Self dependent 

7. Unity and harmony 

8. Socialize community 

9. Environmental highen 


Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?

Implementing the proper ways of farming activities and necessary ways of utilizing the available resources could help in improving farm produce but not as much as the peasants farmers are lifted high by supporting them with the necessary materials and equipment for better agricultural activities.

  The surrounding are of better importance to human health, the exchange of oxygen with carbon dioxide between plants and organisms (coexistence) will improve the standard of living. 

  The nutritional contents of food substances of the community will be improve by doing so will increase the immune system to be resistance against the disease causing organisms. The lesser the infection in the community the better reduction in cost of living which enables farmers to spend their hard ends money on education, shelter and the rest. Once their is no conflict between the community, it will bring them together and improves the culture of the community. 

How did you hear about the Food System Vision Prize?

  • Through my lecturer

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Spam
Photo of Emmanuel Dzisi
Team

Hello, my team and I will like to link up with you and learn more about your work. Good luck.
Emmanuel.

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