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Semi Automated Farming Technology

Farm management practices that will fill the gap between low tech backward farming and high tech farming.

Photo of Anteneh Gashaw
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Lead Applicant Organization Name

Anteneh Engineering

Lead Applicant Organization Type

  • Small company (under 50 employees)

Website of Legally Registered Entity

https://contest.techbriefs.com/profile?user=89682

How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?

  • 1-3 years

Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?

Addis Ababa

Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?

Ethiopia

Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?

The selected place for implementation of this project is farming land in Ethiopia which covers about 4610 km² or 461000 hectare.

What country is your selected Place located in?

Ethiopia

Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.

I am Ethiopian. I am citizen and residence of Ethiopia. Agriculture in Ethiopia is the foundation of the country's economy, accounting for half of gross domestic product (GDP), 83.9% of exports, and 80% of total employment. But for a country which depends on growing food to run the country, the industry is at its lowest efficiency. So, as a citizen of the country and responsible citizen of the world, I would like to bring positive impact in any way I can. The better efficiency of the agriculture industry affects me big time too because the more food production there is, the better food quality and price I can eat. So, instead of complaining I decided to join the challenge in a hope that I can make a difference in the future.

Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.

Ethiopia is landlocked country located in Eastern Africa. It borders Kenya, South Sudan, Somali, Djibouti and Sudan. Here are interesting facts about this African nation: Addis Ababa, the capital city, is the highest capital city in Africa, at 2,400 metres. Ethiopia is the second most-populous country in Africa, with a population of over 90 million people by 2015. It is second to Nigeria, which had a population of over 174 million people by 2013. Over 80 languages are spoken in this country. English is the language of instruction in institutions of higher learning. The most widely spoken local languages are Oromo, Amharic, Somali and Tigrinya. Allegedly, the Ark of the Covenant that holds the 10 Commandments is in a church in this country. However, only one man knows how true this is, and he is the only one who guards it. Ethiopia fought against the Scramble for Africa, and it is one of the few countries that were not colonized, though Italians occupied it for at least five years. Coffee was discovered in this country, in Kaffa region. A shepherd discovered this famous beverage when his goats ate the leaves and became restless. Ethiopia has a distinct alphabet. The oldest fossil of Early man was discovered here. Abebe Bikila, an Ethiopian, won Africa’s first Olympic gold medal, in 1960. About 70% of the mountains of Africa are in this country. Lake Tana in this country, supplies the Blue Nile River, which feeds the White Nile River before joining the Great Nile River. This country has been mentioned severally in the Bible and the Quran. Ethiopia has the most UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Africa. The nine sites are Aksum, Fasil Ghebbi, Harar, Konso Cultural Landscape, Lower Valley of the Awash, Lower Valley of the Omo, Rock-Hewn Churches, Simien National Park and Tiya. The Ethiopian Calendar has 13 months and it is 7 ½ years behind the Gregorian calendar. New Year in Ethiopia starts on 11th September and a day later in a leap year. Ethiopia is the diplomatic capital of the continent, since it hosts the headquarters of Kenya African and international organisations such as the African Union, UN Economic Commission for Africa, UNESCO and UNDP. Ethiopia is one of the main destinations for tourists exploring the Horn of Africa. It has a beautiful blend of cultures and delicious exotic dishes. It has numerous airports to get you to any destination within the country. Among these key points of entry is Addis Ababa Airport, also known as Bole International Airport. Source: Jovago.com

What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?

105000000

Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.

As the global population continues to grow every year, so too does the demand for agricultural products. To continue feeding the world without damaging the environment is one of the greatest challenges faced by society, and can only be achieved by increasing the efficiency and sustainability of agricultural production. So implementing this technology at scale means increasing crop yield, less expense for poor and uneducated farmers and minimize work loads. Most of the undeveloped farming technology depends on animals because the current farming technology involves acquiring skill like driving and operating tractors and such. Most undeveloped farmers which are the majorities cannot afford the price and does not have skills to learn with a reasonable period of time. But using this method will ease the mechanism while upgrading their farming technology.

Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.

This project is about filling the gap between modern farming technology which requires skill, more cost and higher tech and traditional or ancient technology still widely used in many countries of the world which does not require much skill, labor-based and lower cost. The mechanism of semi-automated farming technology is very simple. First, there is a C- channel structure (the green structure) fixed with the farming ground at the side of both ends. Then there will be another C-channel structure (the yellow structure) which have roller bearings at both end. The roller bearings are made to fit the c-channel of the green structure. This will help the farmer move forward and backward with very little force. Then, there will be a third structure (the red structure) which has roller bearing to assist the farmer move left and right with minimum force. The forward mechanism is driven by the pulley (the brown structure) attached with rope (the blue structure). As seen the pulley and rope will force the red structure applies the force downward making the farming process very easy. The mechanism is powered by either solar batteries or rechargeable batteries and according to my calculation analysis; the farming process will consume less power because of the mechanism of the bearing. There are still farming technology in technology backward countries where they use animals for farming as a power source. My country Ethiopia is one of them and the attached picture demonstrates this farm technology.

High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.

My project is needs to be considered because it has sound and logical engineering principle that can be implemented without any major difficulty. Also, it helps the low tech countries which they desperately need. Most of the undeveloped farming technology depends on animals because the current farming technology involves acquiring skill like driving and operating tractors and such. Most undeveloped farmers which are the majorities cannot afford the price and does not have skills to learn with a reasonable period of time. But using this method will ease the mechanism while upgrading their farming technology. As the global population continues to grow every year, so too does the demand for agricultural products. To continue feeding the world without damaging the environment is one of the greatest challenges faced by society, and can only be achieved by increasing the efficiency and sustainability of agricultural production. So implementing this technology at scale means increasing crop yield, less expense for poor and uneducated farmers and minimize work loads. My solution contribute to building the beneficial agriculture system of the future because it proposes new innovative solution for low tech farm practices and efficient crop yield. I have been working on this project for a year, I have been trying to find funding by applying in may programs like https://contest.techbriefs.com/2019/entries/manufacturing-robotics-automation/9532 https://www.globalinnovationexchange.org/innovation/semi-automated-farming-technology

Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?

Currently the project is at design stage/ pre-prototype stage and I did not received any kind of funding yet. When I get funding opportunity, I will build medium scale prototype in volumetric scale. To achieve that major design has been done and with collaboration with field engineers like mechanical engineers and electrical engineers it is a very achievable task. Most of the undeveloped farming technology depends on animals because the current farming technology involves acquiring skill like driving and operating tractors and such. Most undeveloped farmers which are the majorities cannot afford the price and does not have skills to learn with a reasonable period of time. But using this method will ease the mechanism while upgrading their farming technology. Testing of the mechanism involves in building a medium scale prototype and show its efficiency in comparison to the prior farm technology of animal farming. The key outcome of the test will be greater crop yield in a specific area of farmland in compassion with existing prior animal farming because of less expense and less farming work load. When transitioning on scale up, all needed is to advertisement. The minimum area required for testing is about 50 meter square land. The time frame of the test and crop will depend up on the location it is conducted but it will be definitely same time as the time it will take to grow that specific farm land. In order for time saving a crop that takes small amount of time to grow will be selected if the climate condition and other factors are in favor.

How did you hear about the Food System Vision Prize?

  • Email

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Photo of Rethabile Konopo
Team

Hi, Semi Automated Farming Technology welcome to the Food System Vision Prize Community!

What would life in [your city] look like in 2050?
We've built a very comprehensive Food Vision Prize Toolkit with a lot of information, activities, and guidelines. The Toolkit will help you refine your Vision and make it systemic, human-centred and well informed for the future.
Here is the link to the Prize Toolkit: http://bit.ly/2X4ZxQk
I look forward to seeing your Vision evolve through the coming days.