Replacing annuals with perennial grain crops for food security
Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.
Maiduguri was founded in 1907 as a military outpost by the British and has since grown rapidly in to millions in terms of its population. A brief history: The city was actually home to the Kanem-Bornu Empire for centuries. Maiduguri consists of two cities: Yerwa to the West and Old Maiduwuri to the east.
Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.
nnual grain crops are planted on about 70% of e world's cropland and provide 80% of the orld's food. Currently annual grains dominate rain production. Perennial grains offer many portant opportunities to produce grains in a ore environmentally, economically, and nergetically sound manner. Thus, major research fforts are needed to develop perennial grains to elp feed the growing and malnourished world opulation. These grains would also aid in iversifying agriculture. perennial grain is a grain crop that lives and remains productive for two or more years, rather than growing for only one season before harvest, like most grains and annual crops. While many fruit , nut and forage crops are long-lived perennial plants , all major grain crops presently used in large-scale agriculture are annuals or short-lived perennials grown as annuals. Scientists from several nations have argued that perennial versions of today's grain crops could be developed and that these perennial grains could make grain agriculture more sustainable.
Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.
THE SUCCESSFUL DEVELOPMENT OF PERENNIAL GRAIN CROPS WOULD HAVE DIFFERENT EFFECTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT, ON LIFE AT THE DINNER TABLE, AND ON THE FARM. PRODUCING GRAINS FROM PERENNIALS RATHER THAN FROM ANNUALS WILL HAVE LARGE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS, BUT THE CONSUMER WILL SEE LITTLE IF ANY DIFFERENCE AT THE DINNER TABLE. ON THE FARM, WHETHER MECHANICALLY HARVESTED FROM LARGE FIELDS OR HAND-HARVESTED IN THE PARTS OF THE WORLD WHERE EQUIPMENT IS PROHIBITIVELY EXPENSIVE, PERENNIAL GRAINS 20 TO 50 YEARS FROM NOW WILL ALSO LOOK MUCH THE SAME TO THE FARMER. THE ADDITION, HOWEVER, OF NEW HIGH-VALUE PERENNIAL CROPS TO THE FARM WOULD INCREASE FARMERS’ FLEXIBILITY. FARMERS COULD USE CURRENTLY AVAILABLE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES, SUCH AS NO-TILL OR ORGANIC APPROACHES, BUT WITH A NEW ARRAY OF HIGH-VALUE PERENNIAL GRAIN CROPS. THESE WOULD GIVE FARMERS MORE OPTIONS TO HAVE LONG ROTATIONS OF PERENNIAL CROPS OR ROTATIONS IN WHICH ANNUALS ARE GROWN FOR SEVERAL YEARS FOLLOWED BY SEVERAL YEARS OF PERENNIALS.
High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.
In 2050 Efforts to breed perennial wheat and wheatgrass through both direct domestication and wide hybridization have produced some promising cultivars capable of surviving and producing grain yields every year, but yields decrease after the first season, meaning an extended selection process to improve yield components is necessary
Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?
My full vision is to see how Replacing annuals with perennial grain crops for food security effective in 2050, and people to enjoy and benefits from it.