OpenIDEO is an open innovation platform. Join our global community to solve big challenges for social good. Sign Up / Login or Learn more

Pollinators directly affect the yield and quality of 75% of globally important crops

Effect of pollinators to crop yield

Photo of Yakubu Ado

Written by

Lead Applicant Organization Name

Yobe state government

Lead Applicant Organization Type

  • Government

If part of a multi-stakeholder entity (i.e. team), provide the names of other organizations and types of stakeholders collaborating with you.

Envirosoft Agro-allied (Nigeria)

Website of Legally Registered Entity

Envirosoft Agro-allied (Nigeria)

How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?

  • Just beginning now

Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?

Damaturu

Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?

Nigeria

Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?

Damagum. Fune is a Local Government Area of Yobe State , Nigeria.

What country is your selected Place located in?

Nigeria

Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.

I am citizen of the place

Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.

Fune is a Local Government Area in Yobe State , Nigeria. Its headquarters are in the town of Damagum in the southwest of the area on the A3 highway at 11°40′39″N 11°20′04″E / 
11.67750°N 11.33444°E .The major ethnic groups living in Damagum are Ngizim and the Karai-Karai while other ethnic communities include Kanuri, Fulani, Hausa, Ngamo, Bura.

What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?

400790

Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.

Now, half of the  people are suffering hunger or food shortage. I have sorted it out that 75% of the people lives there are farmers with less target or no future determination. As such, if they continue at same way, they will definitely face famine in the years to come. There are potential trade between maximising crop yield through conventional means and improving conditions for pollinator biodiversity with enhanced delivery of pollination services. For example, many farming systems using current organic practices usually produce lower crop yields, although some studies have demonstrated that yields of insect-pollinated crops can be improved through enhanced pollination services under organic management. Similarly, providing ecological infrastructure, such as flower strips or other habitat, may risk overall yield reductions by
taking farmland out of direct crop production. To date, however, the only study to test this found that over several years the yield lost at the farm scale was balanced by a yield gain in pollinator dependent crops grown in rotation.
Most of the scientific evidence on the efficacy of organic farming and growing flower strips in aiding pollinator biodiversity and pollination services is from Europe and North America, so caution is needed in extrapolating to other regions that differ in farm practices, underlying biodiversity and landscape character. Nonetheless, across the world managing the farm or landscape for will pollinators coupled with use of managed bees results in the highest yields for animal-pollinated
crops3. These improvements in pollination are partly due to higher local pollinator densities and partly due to higher pollinator species diversity providing complementarity or redundancy in service provision. The policies and practices involved in ecological intensification, strengthening diversified farming systems and maintaining or providing ecological infrastructure can also have wider livelihood benefits for rural communities. These benefits can be fostered through holistic responses including food sovereignty,  and biocultural conservation approaches that recognize rights, support economies and address negative multipliers of land-use change effects such as loss of access to
traditional territories and loss of traditional knowledge. Many of the 32 Globally Important
Agricultural Heritage Systems are based on indigenous and local knowledge that support the roles of pollinators in maintaining plant diversity. 

Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.

Pollination improves the yield of most crop species and contributes to one-third of global crop production, but comprehensive benefits including crop quality are still unknown. Hence, pollination is underestimated by international policies, which is particularly alarming in times of agricultural intensification and diminishing pollination services. In this study, exclusion experiments with strawberries showed bee pollination to improve fruit quality, quantity and market value compared with wind and self-pollination. Bee-pollinated fruits were heavier, had less malformations and reached higher commercial grades. They had increased redness and reduced sugar–acid–ratios and were firmer, thus improving the commercially important shelf life. Longer shelf life reduced fruit loss by at least 11%. This is accounting for 0.32 billion US$ of the 1.44 billion US$ provided by bee pollination to the total value of 2.90 billion US$ made with strawberry selling in the European Union 2009. The fruit quality and yield effects are driven by the pollination-mediated production of hormonal growth regulators, which occur in several pollination-dependent crops. Thus, our comprehensive findings should be transferable to a wide range of crops and demonstrate bee pollination to be a hitherto underestimated but vital and economically important determinant of fruit quality.

High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.

People  lives there practicing peasant farming due to some challenges facing them. With the aid of this vision, the life will be better for them if they could in one way or the other considered,  it will help them in the future. Invasive alien species
The ecological effects of invasive alien species on pollinators and pollination are complex, but can be
substantial under certain ecological and biogeographical circumstances.

Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?

Drivers, risks and responses to pollinator decline. Drivers of pollinator decline (central
boxes) relate to the key risks associated with pollinator decline (right boxes), and how these drivers are addressed by three important sets of responses (left boxes) that ultimately reduce the risks.
Responses combine elements of human facilities, knowledge, infrastructure and technology (‘anthropogenic assets’) with institutions and governance . Arrows are thick if there is clear evidence that at least one of the responses can reduce the impact of the driver on pollinators, or clear evidence that the driver generates the impact underlying the risk, at least in some circumstances. Arrows are thin if the link between response and driver, or driver and risk, is suspected or inferred by current evidence, but direct empirical evidence of it taking place is either sparse or lacking. This list of responses to pollinator decline is not exhaustive. There are 74 responses listed in ref. 5. Many responses also represent opportunities to improve livelihoods and environments directly. GMOs, genetically modified organisms.
A loss of pollinators may have negative impacts on the reproduction of wild plants, as more than 90% of tropical flowering plant species and about 78% of temperate-zone species rely, at least in part, on animal pollination. There is a lack of data on large-scale and long-term trends in pollination or seed production, although historical shifts in plant distributions have been documented. Wild plants in the Netherlands and United Kingdom that require bees for cross-pollination showed declines corresponding to those of the bees that pollinate them. Similarly, declines are greatest for bee species that depend on forage plants that are also showing declines.
Although correlative, these patterns strongly suggest that plant and pollinator shifts are
interdependent. Historical pollination rates can rarely be assessed, owing to the lack of quantitative data. However, analysis of pressed herbarium-specimens of pollinator-dependent orchids revealed that pollination had dropped from more than 40% to almost 0% in a century in Africa. Further research is needed to understand the impacts of pollinator loss on wild plant communities and the other way around, particularly because a large part of wider biodiversity depends on the fruits, seeds and plant communities that pollinators maintain.

How did you hear about the Food System Vision Prize?

  • Website

13 comments

Join the conversation:

Comment
Spam
Photo of Bullus Pindar Njani
Team

Mallam yakubu , you have less time to review your work I ough you to do so as soon as possible. Thanks. Best regard

View all comments