Our vision is to educate the people of Sumenep Regency in food deversification to achieve food security in Sumenep
Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.
Madura Millennial Foundation is located in Sumenep District. The organization mission is to empower the people of Sumenep District through economic, education and religious activities. Its vision is to enhance the development in Sumenep District. Madura Millennial Foundation has a closed relation with the living condition of Sumenep people. Through the organization’s programs, Madura Millennial Foundation is trying to enhance the quality of Sumenep people’s life.
Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.
Sumenep Regency is a district in the province of East Java, Indonesia, with its capital city being Sumenep City. The area of Sumenep Regency is 2,093,457573 km², consisting of 179,324696 km², 423,958 km² of forest area, 14,680877 km² of empty land grass, plantation/dry fields/shrubs/fields covering 1,130,190914 km², pond/brackish water/lake/reservoir/swamp area covering 59.07 km², and others covering an area of 63.413086 km². Sumenep Regency has diversity of marine and fishery resources covering +50,000 km². Like other regions in Indonesia, Sumenep Regency is included in the tropical area category. Sumenep Regency, which is located at the eastern end of Madura Island, consists of 126 land areas and scattered islands. The number of inhabited islands in Sumenep Regency is only 48 islands or 38%, while uninhabited islands are 78 islands or 62%. The temporary population of Sumenep Regency is 1,041,915 people, consisting of 495,099 men and 546,816 women. The sex ratio of the population of Sumenep Regency is 90.54 which means that the number of male population is less than the female population. The poverty rate has increased, where in 2017 the poverty rate was 19.62% of the population or 211,920 people while in 2018 it increased to 20.16% or 218,600 inhabitants. Although the poverty rate in 2017 has decreased from 2016 in the amount of 20.09% or 216,140 people. The economy of Sumenep Regency is still based on natural resources and agricultural, plantation and fishery products. Mineral Resources: in Sumenep district, quite varied include: pospat, limestone, calcite / star stone, gypsum, quartz sand, dolomite, clay stone, and kaolin. Sumenep Regency Energy Resources has the potential of natural wealth in the form of strategic mining materials that contain gas and oil. The area of paddy fields in Sumenep Regency is 23,852 Ha, divided into 13,388 Ha (56.13%) of rain-fed rice fields, 5,385 Ha (22.57%) of technical irrigated land, 1,959 Ha of semi-technical land, 1,071 Ha of simple land and 2,049 Ha of land using village irrigation. Food plants can be grouped into 2 parts, namely rice commodities (lowland rice and upland rice) and crops (corn, soybeans, peanuts, green beans, cassava and yam). Potential fish resources in sea waters produce 22,000 tons per year. Meanwhile, according to the estimated potential, there are 137,400 tons per year. The livestock population is cattle, 357,067 tails, still traditionally managed as a sub-component of farming. The population of small livestock is 113,224 goats, 25,123 sheep, 235,584 chickens; 741,131 native chickens and 42,417 ducks.
Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.
The culture of food consumption culture in Sumenep Regency has the same culture as other regions in Indonesia which is very dependent on the consumption of rice as the main food stuff of Sumenep people which amounts to 1,041,915. In 2009, rice production in Sumenep was 163,000 tons but it was still far from sufficient to meet the basic food needs of the population of Sumenep. The issue of rice production in Sumenep is increasingly under pressure due to climate change which causes disruption to the rice planting process caused by long drought and reduced agricultural land area. From 2016 to 2018, all commodities in Sumenep Regency experienced a decrease in planting area, except for soybean amounting to 424.06 percent. In 2016 the rice planting area reached 60.000 hectares and in 2018 it was reduced to 20,175 hectares, which means that the area of rice plants has decreased by 60% in 2018. This will certainly have an impact on the yield of rice plants which significantly automatically decreased from 2009 which amounted to 163,000 tons. Other problems have caused crucial food insecurity among others 1.There are still potential sub-districts that have not yet developed an optimal food and livestock business. 2.High dependence on rice in line with the rate of population growth, on the other hand efforts to increase production are constrained by land conversion and uncertain climate. 3.There are food insecure areas or there is a tendency to become food insecure. 4.Stabilization of food supply and prices are still constrained in the supply and distribution of staple foods. 5.Low access of food to the community because of the lack of infrastructure that supports food distribution. 6.The food diversification carried out has not been able to achieve the ideal Food Expectation Pattern (PPH) score so that it is necessary to accelerate through diversification of food consumption based on local resources in an integrated and sustainable manner. 7.Not optimal utilization of alternative food source commodities, 8.Increasingly the use of hazardous food additives in the food processing industry and pesticides in fresh food products. 9.Low ability of human resources breeders both in producing with high quality, post-harvest handling and marketing livestock products. 10.Lack of knowledge and ability of farmers to apply business technologies in the field of animal husbandry that is environmentally friendly. 11.Farm business system are still traditional, farm management and business development. 12.The length of the trade system in the field of animal husbandry. 13.No legal certainty that results in the low desire of investors to invest their capital in livestock business. 14.Limited livestock business capital owned by farmers. The future challenge is how to realize sustainable food security by utilizing the potential of food sources outside of grains as food sources, namely by diversifying food in order to achieve food security in Sumenep Regency.
Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.
The vision of the Madura Millennial Foundation in dealing with the problem of food insecurity in Sumenep Regency is "Sustainable Food Security in Sumenep Regency through the Socialization and Education of Diversification of Food Crop Production and Food Consumption in Sumenep Regency." We chose this vision bearing in mind that the majority of the population of Sumenep Regency had a low level of education so that efforts were needed for socialization and education about other food sources besides rice that could be consumed as food. In this case, we plan to educate the people of Sumenep Distric on food diversivication and how to produce it. Based on statistical data released by the Central Statistics Agency of Sumenep Regency the growth of food crops, horticulture, plantations and animal husbandry has decreased from 2014 to 2018. While fisheries continue to increase. The Madura Millennial Foundation in collaboration with Sekolah Tani Muda will provide socialization and education on food diversification to ensure the sustainability of the process of increasing knowledge about food diversity, a network is formed to facilitate the community to share knowledge between communities.
High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.
By providing socialization and education on increasing the production of utilization of food sources based on local potential, it is expected to be able to drive the transformation process of food source production patterns and consumption patterns of Sumenep Regency residents to overcome the problem of food security and climate change in Sumenep Regency.
Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?
Vision 2050: Sustainable Food Security in Sumenep Regency through the Socialization and Education of Diversification of Food Crop Production and Food Consumption in Sumenep Regency ", carried out with 1. giving outreach and education about food source production patterns in the face of climate change; and 2. provide socialization and education about the diversification of nutritious food consumption patterns. The socialization and education were carried out to groups of people who experienced food insecurity through government institutions at the village level in collaboration with the Department of Food Security and Animal Husbandry and the Health Office of Sumenep Regency with the aim to change the mindset and culture of food production and consumption based on local resource potential in Sumenep Regency.