Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.
Yobe state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, hence the state is dry and hot for most the year except in the southern part of the state which has a milder climate.
The state is dominated by the Kanuri ethnic group, and is an example of the endurance of traditional political institutions in some areas of Africa. There, the emirs of the former Kanem-Bornu Empire have played a part in the politics of this area for nearly 1000 years.
It is noted for agricultural production as farming, fishing and livestock rearing provides employment to over 80% of the states population.
While Yobe state is an agricultural state it also has rich fishing grounds and mineral deposits of gypsum, kaolin, and quartz. The state's agricultural products include: gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, cotton. The state is also said to have one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa located in Potiskum.
Yobe State also has mineral deposits of gypsum, kaolin, and quartz
Yobe is a state located in Northeast Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on August 27, 1991. Yobe state was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe state is Damaturu.
The local government in yobe state are;Damaturu,fune,Potiskum,fika,Bade,Bursari,Gujba,Gaidam,Gulani,Karasuwa,Gashua,Machina yunusari,Yusufari,Tarmuwa,Nguru,Jakusko.
Damaturu is a Local Government Area in Yobe State, Nigeria. Its headquarters are in the town of Damaturu, the State capital.
Damaturu, town, capital of Yobe state, northeastern Nigeria. Damaturu became the capital of newly created Yobe state in 1991. The town lies in a plains region that is covered by savanna and that supports crops of millet, sorghum (Guinea corn), and peanuts (groundnuts). The town is a market centre on the road between Potiskum and Maiduguri. Pop. (2006) local government area, 88,014.
The major tribes in the area are the Fulani and Kanuri. Others are the Hausas, Karai- Karai,Ngizim,Bade, Igbo and Yoruba. The major occupations in the area are civil service and trading.
The postal code of the area is 620. The Local Government Area has an area of 2,366 km² and a population of 88,014 at the 2006 census.
The town of Damaturu is on the A3 highway and has an estimated 2010 population of 44,268. Damaturu is the headquarters of the Damaturu Emirate, at one time part of the Ngazaragamo emirate based in Gaidam.
Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.
Within as little as 30 years, the world will need to produce 70 percent more food to feed the expected 9 billion people on the planet.
Post-harvest losses are partly a function of the technology available in a country, as well as the extent to which markets have developed for agricultural produce.
Urbanization and the contraction of the agricultural sector. The proportion of the world's population employed in agriculture has declined in recent decades and 50 per cent of the world's population now lives in urban environments. This proportion is expected to rise to 70 per cent by 2050 (United Nations 2008). Rapid urbanization has created the need for extended FSCs to feed urban populations. For these to be efficient, countries need improvements in roads, transportation and marketing infrastructure to keep food affordable for lower income groups. How these extended supply chains develop has implications for food waste globally, now and in the future.
Increased globalization of trade. International trade in processed foods accounts for 10 per cent of total processed food sold.Globalization may open up opportunities for agricultural exports while representing a threat to development of internal markets through competition from inexpensive imports of higher quality than can be produced locally. Linked to trade liberalization, multi-national chains have become a driving force in the rapid growth of supermarkets in many transitional economies.
Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.
A new study by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization found that limiting food waste globally could reduce the need to raise more food by 60 percent. In other words, the need to produce more and more food could be dramatically offset by reducing the amount that is wasted.
5 global challenges we can address through food waste prevention
1. Climate Change
Food waste is a major contributor to climate change, with 7 to 8% of all global greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) relating to the creation or management of food that becomes loss or waste. This is a horrible way to spend our carbon budget. We need to reduce this waste to ensure the GHGs we generate from agriculture are for a good reason: feeding the world, not landfills.
2. Fresh Water
Approximately 70% of our world’s fresh water is used to produce food. Water scarcity and drought are major issues facing many areas. When we waste food, we waste water, a precious resource for so many. We need to use our scarce resources efficiently, and food waste reduction ensures the water we use produces societal benefits. Food waste has recently been tied to the plastic crisis in our oceans (think packaging), so by solving food waste we keep our oceans clean.
3. Energy Efficiency
The American Chemical Society’s Environmental Science and Technology journal calculated that the U.S. could save 2 percent of its total energy consumption in one year if it stopped wasting food, which would provide enough energy to power Switzerland for more than a year. Globally, we generate a great deal of energy from fossil fuels, so this waste means we’re not using our limited oil and gas supplies efficiently.
4. Feeding the World
Nearly one billion people in the world suffer from hunger and malnourishment. In 2013, Pope Francis started speaking to the “culture of waste,” noting that wasting food is like stealing from the poor. When we lose or waste 1/3 to 1/2 of all the food in the world, we fail those in need of food security. The recent EAT-Lancet study evidences the direct link between the challenges of food waste feeding our growing global population.
5. Rainforests and Agricultural Land Use
The world’s population is expected to grow by 2 billion people before 2050. This will stretch our resources, including water, fossil fuels and land requirements. With every acre of rainforest we clear for agriculture, we damage ecosystems and cause further adverse climate impact. Yet, we could feed many of these new global citizens with the resources available to us today if we just wasted less food.
High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.
In recent years, food waste has received growing interest from local, national and European policymakers, international organisations, NGOs as well as academics from various disciplinary fields. Increasing concerns about food security and environmental impacts, such as resource depletionand greenhouse gas emissions attributed to food waste, have intensified attention to the topic. While food waste occurs in all stages of the food supply chain, private households have been identified as key actors in food waste generation. However, the evidence on why food waste occurs remains scattered. This paper maps the still small but expanding academic territory of consumer food waste by systematically reviewing empirical studies on food waste practices as well as distilling factors that foster and impede the generation of food waste on the household level. Moreover, we briefly discuss the contributions of different social ontologies, more particularly psychology-related approaches and social practice theory. The analysis reveals food waste as a complex and multi-faceted issue that cannot be attributed to single variables; this also calls for a stronger integration of different disciplinary perspectives. Mapping the determinantsof waste generation deepens the understanding of household practices and helps design food waste prevention strategies. Finally, we link the identified factors with a set of policy, business, and retailer options.
Most people don't realize how much food they throw away every day from uneaten leftovers to spoiled produce. About 94 percent of the food we throw away ends up in landfills or combustion facilities.By managing food sustainably and reducing waste, we can help businesses and consumers save money, provide a bridge in our communities for those who do not have enough to eat, and conserve resources for future generations.
Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?
Early on in the process, it became evident that the public is increasingly concerned about food waste. With several major environmental groups reporting that approximately 40% of food produced in the U.S. is never eaten,1 and the media exploring this issue in earnest, the team found that:
1)After recycling paper and paperboard, food waste is the largest amount of municipal waste nationwide comprising 21% of solid refuse sent to the landfill.
2)Food waste is a significant source of methane, a potent greenhouse gas with a warming potential 21 times that of carbon. In fact, landfills account for more than 20% of all human-related methane produced in California.
3)If food waste were a country, it would be the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, behind the U.S. and China.