BEYOND CREDIT AND FOOD SECURITY: ACT FAST BIG TO FOOD SOVEREIGNTY
ACTUALIZING SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD AND COMMERCIAL FOOD PRODUCTION THROUGH EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF SMALLHOLDERS AGRICULTURE
Lead Applicant Organization Name
LOWER NIGER RIVER BASIN DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
Lead Applicant Organization Type
If part of a multi-stakeholder entity (i.e. team), provide the names of other organizations and types of stakeholders collaborating with you.
1.Agricultural and Rural Management Training Institute shall be collaborating in training on Rural Finance and Rural Development.
2. Shenzhen Puxin Technology Co.,Ltd based in China has acknowledged collaborating in waste resources recovery for renewable energy and fertilizer production
3. Ahmadu Bello University College of Agric Kabba Kogi State shall be collaborating in sending Students for SIWES and Industrial Training and release of their livestock facilities for training of the farmers.
4.National Biotechnology Development Agency.
5. National health insurance Scheme collaborating in the aspect of providing primary healthcare insurance
6. Corinoniar Enterprise collaborating in ICT
7. Department of Agric. Econs. and Extension Federal University Oye-Ekiti
9. Immanuel (Asa Dam) Cooperative Group Farming Society Limited collaborating as produce off-taker
Website of Legally Registered Entity
How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?
Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?
Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?
Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?
Interests are communities within the basin catchment of River Kampe covering an approximate area of 8,576 Km2 from Ikole LGA to Lokoja LGA.
What country is your selected Place located in?
Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.
Kampe basin which stretches from part of kogi west senatorial district and the kpada district of Patigi Local governement area of kwara State down to Lokoja the confluence city the is the site of interest.The choice for this location is based on careful assessment of low influence of human activities on the natural environment and as way to sustain the tempo in ensuring the conservation and management of nature as we plan for food security in a more sustainable and eco-friendly way. the location is a balance for africa and can be likened to the Amazon natural forest which potentials doesn't only better Brazil economy but also serve as a balance that is saving the whole world from collapse from natural disaster. My attention was drawn to that axis when i was there for supervision at the kpada axis in year 2014 Rainfed Farmers Assisted Programme where we rendered tractorization services and extension services to farmers. Also at present i have being working on the field along the Lokoja axis and upstream towards the Gurara River basin and observed farmers strive to make a living and provide more food for all. Aside from all this, am an indigene of Kogi West and have being able to identified where we can practice Gravity Push Irrigation system where all genders can fit in to run all year round crop production. Also the proximity of the location to River Niger and the northern Nigeria shall enable I and my team to send a mesage that in the situation of scarce natural resources both cattle herders and crop productionist can still live together and co-exist in peace with one another without conflict. Being an indigene also allow me to better understand the challenges the people are facing, their cultural norms and the possibility of reception the rural populace shall give to the project. If one is thinking about organic and sustainable food production, the region is the best location to stay and make such vision come to reality.
Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.
The most prioritized food delicacy of people within the south of the kampe basin catchment is pounded yam with vegetable cum green roselle fruit (Ishapa soup). the bolus i.e. the pounded yam is made from the pounding of yam using mortar and pestle. the Ishapa soup is made using Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) or white zobo fruits. an illustration of how the Ishapa soup can be prepared is on this extract from https://guardian.ng/life/food/obe-ishapa-soup-recipe/
cleared land for farming at the Ejiba (omi) dam irrigation scheme.
picture from the Okun yam festival at Ogidi a settlement beside Kabba town
the Ikole yam market where merchants come from as far as the eastern and northern Nigeria to buy yam tubers
the kampe catchment from google map
The kampe basin inhabitants are majorly the Ekiti, okun and the Nupe tribes residing along lat. 7.9, long. 5.72 .and Lat. 8.6, long. 6.2 with minimal influence of human activities on their natural environment from Itapaaji Ikole LGA, Ijumu LGA, Yagba LGA, Mopa/Muro, Kabba/Bunu LGA, Pategi LGA and Lokoja LGA.The people around the Kampe River catchment are predominantly farmers well experienced in the art of farming of arable crops like cassava, cocoyam, maize, melon, groundnut, soybean, sorghum, sweet potatoes, yam and cassava, rice and vegetables like garden egg, spinach, okra, pepper, Green Fruit Roselle. The land is blessed with naturally fertile land along the River Basin but the people still practice rudimentary farming and not exposed to modern innovations in sustainable farm operations. Major language of the region is the okun extract of yoruba language bordering the Nupe to the north, Ekiti to the south and west and the Nupe speaking the Nupe language. The Okun people are known to have delicacies soups which include ora soup (ground dried okra), akuku, tankelekon soup and Egusi Ishapa (Melon) soup. mostly taken with Iyan (Pounded yam). for the Nupes, "Yanbochi/Tuwo chinkafa"(Vita made from Rice) is their delicacy. Major traditional festival in the Okun speaking community is the yam festival celebrated yearly on the 7th day of July. The Ekiti at Ikole LGA, have varieties of masquerade festival starting from October to December. Few of the Nupe tribe still practice the Igunu Masquerade festival as the Islamic faith festival are becoming more pronounced in the region. Rural community along the basin are characterized by poor people who are lacking voice to express their travail and are vulnerable to environmental, health and social hazard. Most of them were gainfully involved in agriculture in the past, but have shift interest to pick up commercial motorcycle rider job popularly called "Okada" in cities as a result of the precarious situation of incessant failure experienced in agriculture business in the era of climate change. A little knowledge is known about irrigation farming causing most of the populace to dwell on rainfed agriculture and not tapping into the recent resilience of irrigation in smart farming in the era of climate change. Also poor knowledge of storage technology and not having an organized trader association in form of cooperative make most of the farmers to sell off their produce a few months after harvest for fear of spoilage getting a little premium on their produce.
During the dry season, most of the farmers take to timber and charcoal production which is gradually becoming a dominant trade to sustain their household food with little knowledge that this human activity of deforestation are some of the cause that increases environmental hazards they are facing.
There is the prevalence of open defecation resulting in to spread of water-borne diseases and other ailments during the dry season and during the raining season.
What is the approximate size of your Place, in square kilometers? (New question, not required)
What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?
Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.
Rural community in Nigeria are characterised by poor people who are lacking voice to express their travail and are vulnerable to environmental, health and social hazard. Most of them were gainfully involved in agriculture in the past, but have shift interest as a result of precarious situation of incessant failure experienced in agriculture business in the era of climate change ranging from either erratic rainfall pattern causing withering due to water stress on plant or excessive rainfall resulting to flooding and increase atmospheric temperature. The government in Nigeria, as a way to actualize the green alternatives to economic growth and commercialize food production, embraces the Anchored Borrowers Programme targeted to some staple crops and livestock which are faced with some challenges ranging from: side selling due to hike in value of produce as against the earlier price agreed on by off takers initially resulting from dwindling government policies, no check and balance to supervised how cooperative utilize the fund and how farms were managed, delay in the supply of inputs, some capital cost and variable cost were not factored in or well spelt on who bears them like land clearing, irrigation facilities, costs of getting the meeting venue, cost of supervision and coordination by consultant, agricultural programme design conforming with the gender of interest( for example, the strength of personnel in terms of financial and physical ability to operate irrigation facilities differs between men and women. The women tends to be more proactive in vegetable farming using gravity-based or portable based irrigation facilities, planting, weeding, harvesting and some post-harvest handling of produce like parboiling of rice paddy, sun drying of grains and spices plant, fruit and vegetables while the male counterpart are more proactive in the operation of mechanised lift pump for irrigation, supervision, cultivating and spraying of agro-chemicals. In livestock production, women tend to be good managers in feeding the chickens and in doing the sanitation of the pens for both ruminant and non-ruminants). Other shortcoming of the project were poor insurance policy, no commitment measures to affirm farmers credibility, accountability and enthusiasm about the programme, no economic impact assessment and supervision on long term usage of inputs like herbicides, fertilizer, pesticide, irrigation water as well as measurement for assessment of sanitation challenges from the future population increase, over-production of some species which at the long-run may results to extinction of some indigenous crops and vegetables. Also the health of the farming families are not put into consideration in most of the governemnt programme and it is when farmers are healthy that they can have the capability to give the labor and other human capital required for increase productivity.
Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.
We want to care about how rural farming Families can be more economically advance above world poverty line by making them bankable in terms of finance management and information gathering, proactive in policy and decision, socially organized in terms of being credible, transparent, accountable, receptive, accommodating and eco-friendly when partnering with other stakeholders and the environment in the move of providing more food for the world. Also we want to increase their passion for modern small scale agriculture and to see the venture as one that is profit-oriented, scalable, and as a sustainable major way to help create an eco-friendly atmosphere that is auto-pilot in making the world a better place for all.
The aims of our project are:
1. To set up a Project Management Team to work with the Initiating/facilitating team to ameliorate hitches faced in the anchored borrowers programme.
2. Promoting smallholders cooperative farming that brings about synergies and economic of scale as this will help to bring about the commercialization of food production involving a lot of stakeholder in increasing the rural dwellers' voice and political strength as all stakeholders partake in the decision making process for development in a bottom to top approach and not vice versa.
3. Providing a work plan geared towards profitable, eco-friendly and sustainable integrated farming business most especially for arable crops and livestock production selected in the agriculture transformation/value chain programme of most Africa countries like Nigeria i.e. Rice, Maize, Soybean, Groundnut, Sorghum, cassava, and livestock like poultry and goat such that food production doesn’t conflict with ecological balance.
4.Provision of Public Compost Toilet Facilities to curb open defecation in the rural community and ensuring a sanitary environment
5.Provision of Biogas project to provide an alternative/renewable source of Energy from waste recycling for the rural communities a cleaner environment.
6. Designing of eco-friendly participatory irrigation management projects that harvest run-offs and streams for dry season cropping of both arables and indigenous vegetable( like amaranthus (efo tete), cocorus olitoris (ewedu), celosia (efo sokoyokoto) and Telfaria occitendalis)so that these crops doesn’t go into extinctions and also promoting the all year round production of Maize, soybean, rice and Vitamin Fortified Orange Flesh Sweet Potatoes to help in solving the problem of malnutrition.
7. To conserve the natural wildlife by promoting the production of animal protein from domestic livestock to curb poaching on wildlife as animal protein.
8. Ensuring the establishment of Primary healthcare insurance and Public Health Sensitization and Awareness Campaign Group for the community.
9. Creating a lot of spare time that the farmers may utilize for other agro-allied sources of income to better their livelihood and ease loan payback.
High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.
As the above challenges are overcome, groups shall be drawn from the beneficiaries on yearly bases would have possessed self-effort ability in decision making as they replicate the concepts in various communities and help in disseminating, adoption, data collections in the rural communities. This will also help in creating sustainable livelihood and serve as encouragement in bringing back to the rural most of the youths that have migrated to the urban for means of livelihood. The region shall also experience lighting up in terms of energy supply for light food processing, irrigation machinery, street lights, cooking gas, laboratory facilities in schools and hospitals. Through the organic waste resource recovery project, we look forward to having exempted the region from the list of locations with prevalence of open defecation. Also, public awareness and sensitization campaigns shall have helped in curbing the spread of communicable diseases like HIV, tuberculosis, and Hepatitis, as well as the non-communicable ones like malaria and typhoid, which shall ensure the sustenance of healthy and vibrant youth population needed for increasing food production.
A decrease in the activities of deforestation shall be experienced which shall have helped to preserve the natural forest and its biodiversity and in the long run reduce the intensity at which climatic hazards inhibit agricultural productivity.
Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?
The kampe basin catchment which is the location of interest extracted from google map. It shows all the tributaries flowing into the kampe river before it empties into the River Niger.
Interests are communities within the basin of river Kampe located at the upstream and downstream of the Omi dam. By 2050, the proposed project stand to: create direct job for 10,000 farming families and indirect job of 100,000 persons, providing power to the rural community through the biogas concept where renewable energy is used as cooking fuel in lieu of wood fuel and to power community street light, Information and Communication Technology unit and borehole/irrigation pumps. Also portion of proceeds from the project shall be used as seeds fund for establishments of community Primary health care insurance project and sanitary facilities like toilets to curb open defecation in most of the rural areas.
The project is also forseen to autorun as the following stakeholders work as a team in a multipartite model with the following role:
1. Agric Consultancy Services: The consultant service is task with the following responsibilities; I.Work with the crop processor in order to know the economic and agronomical production standard and necessary collaboration with research institute in terms of crop variety/cultivar of interest and planning a viable agric business plan to be adopted by the rural community. II.Work to serve as mediator between the rural Farming families in the host community, community traditional rulers, security personnel and other stakeholders in the planning of what measures that are feasible and acceptable by the community must be adopted for the programme. The Agric consultant services strictly mustn’t embrace policies that support land grab. III.Organise Farming Families into groups of cooperative societies of the strength of 50 Farming Families per rural community with the aim of changing their mindset of the rudimental idea of production to a profit worthy enterprise mind-set. The cooperative formation must be gender-sensitive putting into consideration the right for women empowerment by embracing the male to female ratio formation of either equal gender or 6:4. The minimum farm holding per farmer is proposed to be 1 hectare for rainfed, 0.2 hectare for the dry season, 30 numbers of layer Chickens, 10 numbers of broiler chickens and 2 Goats. The reason for livestock and vegetable production is to ease pay back and engage the farmers’ well as most of the arable crops production aren’t what demands eight (8) hours work time per day on the farm. IV.Coordinate and implement the feasibility of the Biogas project, borehole construction and sanitary facilities to meet host community energy, water sanitary and hygiene needs. V.Design measures for mobilising financial resources for the cooperative societies. VI.Oversee that the cooperative societies focused on building leadership, team work, ensure that all group members approve the use of the funds generated for loans regardless of the size of funds, transparent and fraud-free guidelines most especially in proper record keeping of loan collected, repayment of loan, membership registration and dues, loan/credit rescheduling in cases of death or sickness of a co-operator. VII.Deploy an agric personnel per cooperative society to reside in the community to be the representative of the consultancy services in the cooperative society with the task of relating and meeting fortnightly with the farmers in identifying their needs, challenges, successes and feed back to them innovation from the research institutes and stakeholders. VIII.Have a demonstration farm in the community to serve as a technology outreach centre /adoption initiative. Shall also be responsible for taking the Geographical coordinates using GIS application for further monitoring and inspection online at the central office. IX.Ensured that service provider provides the necessary services as at when due and at an affordable rate beneficiary to the farmers in terms of repayment terms that coincides with income cycle and fair to all stakeholders as well as partake in corporate social responsibility in contributing their quota in the health insurance project, maintenance of borehole and other social facilities.
2. Rural Family Farmers’ community as Outgrowers/ Water users Association member Participatory Farming families must have two representatives that must: a)Be available for the weekly meetings and follow all regulations and guidelines of the cooperative society. b)He/she must be ready to sell 80% of the produce to the processor and must not be involved in side selling. c)be able to pay 0.5% of the loan collected as monthly charge for the outgrower group cooperative society to cater for payment of farm utilities like securities or watchman to guard at night against pilferers and nomadic herdsmen and other running cost the group collectively may be incurring for successful and sustainable programme as well as another 0.5% to cater for administrative charge by the project consultant. Also the co-operator farmer must be able to pay 2% of the loan per month for those investing in mono crop and defraying the left over as soon as he/she sells the produce. Those investing in mixed crop shall be ready to pay 1.5% per month excluding the month of harvest of the 4 month maturing and the 12 month maturing crop of which 37% and 48% of the loan shall be defrayed respectively. d) Must agree to grow mono or mixed arable crops as directed by the agric consultancy services and the project management team. e)In a situation where land is sourced from an agency, farmers are to pay for all facilities charges from the lump sum of the loan collected from the financial donors. This deduction shall be done electronically from their account with the financial institution. f)For the livestock unit, each co-operator is expected to manage 30 birds and 2 goats such that the payback plan shall be done quarterly at the following sequence 15%, 25%, 35%, and 25%. g)Be able to save 5% of all gross returns upon sales of produce in a saving account with the bank as compulsory savings to cater for family need nos. h)The group shall be hold responsible in situation of participating farmers’ indebtedness. i)The participatory farmers must be ready to pay upfront the 3% insurance premium on all inputs.
3. Agric Funds/Grant Donors Donors are international or national financial institutions willing to support the cooperative societies financially for a minimum of 5 years.
4. Insurance Institution They should be able to render cover services to mitigate loss that may arise from the systemic risks i.e. such as weather risks, biological risks and the price risks. They are to collect premiums upfront from the farmers which should be 3% charge on all input and credit facilities. The project shall also embrace partnership with the Primary Health Care Insurance Provider such that the host community may benefit by paying a stipend premium fees to access the health facilities. The programme shall urge all service providers to take upon themselves as a social corporate responsibility of donating 2% of gross returns they realised in the programme as counterpart funding for the health insurance firm. This is because it is when the farmers are healthy that they shall be able to give their best to the programme and that the programme can only be sustainable when the major hub who is the farmer is healthy and alive.
5. Agric Equipment Hiring Enterprise, Irrigation Engineering Service firm: They shall be responsible for services like land preparation and lease-out of post-harvesting equipment at a moderate charge. Participation from Irrigation Engineering Firm willing to collaborate in the design of gravity based irrigation structures as well as land clearing activities shall be appreciated, such that such cost is spread over a period of 10 years over the farmers outgrower programme as these are capital cost that cannot be payback within a short term investment plan.
6. Agro offtakers •They shall respect the contractual terms between all stakeholders. Immanuel Asa Dam cooperative Group Farming Limited is working with similar vision of the project is into the production of Quality Garri an indigenous diet known by the region with various brands produced from the naturally fortified crops like cassava, sweet potatoes and soybean. Also, the firm has the plan to grow along as farmers production capacity increases as they have the intention of producing vita and Flour from Maize, Cassava, yam, Poundo Yam, soybean and beans to add value to the produce, reduce post-harvest losses of produces and increase product shelf life naturally. the flour can be used to make various indigenous cakes in a more quality form thereby preserving the culture and diet of the people. The vision of the cooperative group is also go into Livestock feed production which ensures that more food shall available for all with no competition between man and livestock for so-called conventional produce like maize and soybean.
7. Agric Institution Shall be responsible for training of interested farmers and ready to send students to project site as interns.
As a way to ensure a fairness in price and profit sharing for all stakeholders, the project shall embrace a contract pricing model which ensure fairness in the price of produce. Below is the hypothetical price model for mixed crop of Cassava and Maize/sorghum production: from the sales of maize/sorghum the following is adopted: P= 80% of APm Ig= P*Q In = Ig - (Ig*5%forSav) - (37%Loan) - (Ig*5%fortax) P = price; I = income from Maize/Sorghum; g = gross; APm = average monthly price penultimate to the time of sales; Q = quantity (80% of produce harvested) Sav = savings Loan = loan repayment deduction. and tax= govt tax and from the cassava after a year; P= 80% of APm Ig= P*Q In = Ig - (Ig*5%forSav) - (48%Loan) - (Ig*5%fortax) P = price; I = income from sales of Cassava tubers; g = gross; APm = APm = average monthly price penultimate to the time of sale.
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