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AI-assisted Smart Fish Sorting Mechanism

This project is about sorting fishes that have microplastics in their body in large scale to ensure the health standard aquatic food supply.

Photo of Anteneh Gashaw
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Lead Applicant Organization Name

Anteneh Engineering

Lead Applicant Organization Type

  • Small company (under 50 employees)

Website of Legally Registered Entity

https://contest.techbriefs.com/profile?user=89682

How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?

  • 1-3 years

Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?

Addis Ababa

Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?

Ethiopia

Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?

The selected place for implementation of this project is in fishery area of Ethiopia which is Bahir Dar which covers about 28 km² in area.

What country is your selected Place located in?

Ethiopia

Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.

I am Ethiopian. I am citizen and residence of Ethiopia. Agriculture in Ethiopia is the foundation of the country's economy, accounting for half of gross domestic product (GDP), 83.9% of exports, and 80% of total employment. But for a country which depends on growing food to run the country, the industry is at its lowest efficiency. So, as a citizen of the country and responsible citizen of the world, I would like to bring positive impact in any way I can. The better efficiency of the agriculture industry affects me big time too because the more food production there is, the better food quality and price I can eat. So, instead of complaining I decided to join the challenge in a hope that I can make a difference in the future.

Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.

Ethiopia is landlocked country located in Eastern Africa. It borders Kenya, South Sudan, Somali, Djibouti and Sudan. Here are interesting facts about this African nation: Addis Ababa, the capital city, is the highest capital city in Africa, at 2,400 metres. Ethiopia is the second most-populous country in Africa, with a population of over 90 million people by 2015. It is second to Nigeria, which had a population of over 174 million people by 2013. Over 80 languages are spoken in this country. English is the language of instruction in institutions of higher learning. The most widely spoken local languages are Oromo, Amharic, Somali and Tigrinya. Allegedly, the Ark of the Covenant that holds the 10 Commandments is in a church in this country. However, only one man knows how true this is, and he is the only one who guards it. Ethiopia fought against the Scramble for Africa, and it is one of the few countries that were not colonized, though Italians occupied it for at least five years. Coffee was discovered in this country, in Kaffa region. A shepherd discovered this famous beverage when his goats ate the leaves and became restless. Ethiopia has a distinct alphabet. The oldest fossil of Early man was discovered here. Abebe Bikila, an Ethiopian, won Africa’s first Olympic gold medal, in 1960. About 70% of the mountains of Africa are in this country. Lake Tana in this country, supplies the Blue Nile River, which feeds the White Nile River before joining the Great Nile River. This country has been mentioned severally in the Bible and the Quran. Ethiopia has the most UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Africa. The nine sites are Aksum, Fasil Ghebbi, Harar, Konso Cultural Landscape, Lower Valley of the Awash, Lower Valley of the Omo, Rock-Hewn Churches, Simien National Park and Tiya. The Ethiopian Calendar has 13 months and it is 7 ½ years behind the Gregorian calendar. New Year in Ethiopia starts on 11th September and a day later in a leap year. Ethiopia is the diplomatic capital of the continent, since it hosts the headquarters of Kenya African and international organisations such as the African Union, UN Economic Commission for Africa, UNESCO and UNDP. Ethiopia is one of the main destinations for tourists exploring the Horn of Africa. It has a beautiful blend of cultures and delicious exotic dishes. It has numerous airports to get you to any destination within the country. Among these key points of entry is Addis Ababa Airport, also known as Bole International Airport. Source: Jovago.com

What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?

105000000

Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.

Tests on anchovies show that when plastic is mixed with salt water and begins to disintegrate it releases an odour which is similar to krill. The enticing smell sets of foraging and feeding behaviour in fish, causing them to eat the debris, believing it is food. Previously scientists thought that fish were ingesting tiny particles of plastic by accident when they were hoovering up floating pieces of plankton or krill. But the new study suggests the problem is even more serious because fish are actually attracted to the plastic. A recent study estimated that nine in 10 of the world’s seabirds now have pieces of plastic in their guts, mainly through eating fish which have ingested plastic. A recent study by the University of Ghent in Belgium found human seafood eaters ingest up to 11,000 tiny pieces of plastic every year with dozens of particles becoming embedded in tissues. If current trends continue, by the end of the century people who regularly eat seafood could be consuming 780,000 pieces of plastic a year, absorbing 4,000 of them from their digestive systems. There are more than five trillion pieces of microplastic in the world's oceans and the equivalent of one rubbish truck of plastic waste is being added to the sea every minute. There is no question that this is a very serious matter. And we are literally eating plastics when we are eating fishes and similar aquatic animals. This is a direct treat to our aquatic food industry.

Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.

By using this mechanism which is AI-assisted Smart Fish Sorting Mechanism, we can sort which fishes have plastics in their body in large scale. The mechanism is very simple, it consists of feeder conveyor that feeds large scale of fishes to a machine which has an x-ray device that will see or scan if the fish have micro plastics in their body, AI that will compare the normal internal bone structure of healthy fish with fishes that have some other unnatural materials like micro plastics in the body of the fishes, inspection passed conveyor that confirms that the healthy fishes are free of micro plastics and inspection failed conveyor that transports fishes that the x-ray and the AI noticed additional material besides the normal bone and flesh structure of the fishes. The scope of this project is just sorting the healthy fishes from fishes that have micro plastics in their body. Managing the inspection failed ones will depend on the fish supplier and the policy of the implementation country. Note that the AI is the very critical part of the mechanism and acts as the brain of the system whereas the X-ray acts as the eye. The eye sees while the brain interprets. Meaning we will feed data for the AI the internal structure of different aquatic animals and when the AI see something different or additional dense structure it automatically switches the fish to trash conveyor.

You can see some of publication of this project via https://contest.techbriefs.com/2019/entries/medical/9465 

https://www.herox.com/plastika-reparabilis/round/346/entry/21927

High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.

This project can impact the world. Just over 100 million tonnes of fish are eaten worldwide each year, providing two and a half billion people with at least 20 percent of their average per capita animal protein intake. This is very large numbers and that means all those people are in the risk of health caused by consuming micro plastics in their systems. We need a system that ensures that fish suppliers are providing healthy food to the consumers and this project will do this exact task. 

After the implementation of this project, people who consume aquatic food on a regular basis will have better health and the aquatic food suppliers will also deliver quality food product increasing their profit because the better quality will lead to higher demand. 

This project has been evaluated by Microsoft AI challenge. 

Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?

My vision for 2050 for the aquatic food industry is seeing the ocean Micro plastic problem solved and this project implemented by installing this device on the every fishery industries and suppliers use this product to ensure their product quality. 

Tests on anchovies show that when plastic is mixed with salt water and begins to disintegrate it releases an odor which is similar to krill. The enticing smell sets off foraging and feeding behavior in fish, causing them to eat the debris, believing it is food. Previously scientists thought that fish were ingesting tiny particles of plastic by accident when they were hoovering up floating pieces of plankton or krill. But the new study suggests the problem is even more serious because fish are actually attracted to the plastic. A recent study estimated that nine in 10 of the world’s seabirds now have pieces of plastic in their guts, mainly through eating fish which have ingested plastic. A recent study by the University of Ghent in Belgium found human seafood eaters ingest up to 11,000 tiny pieces of plastic every year with dozens of particles becoming embedded in tissues. If current trends continue, by the end of the century people who regularly eat seafood could be consuming 780,000 pieces of plastic a year, absorbing 4,000 of them from their digestive systems. Just over 100 million tonnes of fish are eaten worldwide each year, providing two and a half billion people with at least 20 percent of their average per capita animal protein intake. There are more than five trillion pieces of microplastic in the world's oceans and the equivalent of one rubbish truck of plastic waste is being added to the sea every minute. There is no question that this is a very serious matter. And we are literally eating plastics when we are eating fish and similar aquatic animals. This project solves this problem. By using this mechanism we can sort which fish have plastics in their body in large scale. The mechanism is very simple. It consists of feeder conveyor that feeds large scale of fish to a machine which has an x-ray that will see if the fish have microplastics in their body and AI that will compare the normal internal bone structure of healthy fish with fish that have some other unnatural materials like microplastics in the body of the fishes, an inspection passed conveyor that confirms that the healthy fish are free of microplastics and inspection failed conveyor that transports fish that the x-ray and the AI noticed additional material besides the normal bone and flesh structure of the fishes. The scope of this project is just sorting the healthy fish from fish that have microplastics in their body. Note that the AI is the very critical part of the mechanism and acts as the brain of the system whereas the X-ray acts as the eye. The eye sees while the brain interprets. Meaning we will feed data for the AI the internal structure of different aquatic animals and when the AI see something different or additional dense structure it automatically switches the fish to trash conveyor. Fore more information please https://contest.techbriefs.com/2019/entries/medical/9465 vist https://www.herox.com/plastika-reparabilis/round/346/entry/21927

Environment- Fish play an integral role in ecosystem nutrient cycles. Fish recycle nutrients that are vital in the productivity and survival of organisms at the base of the aquatic food web. If fishes are getting exposed to micro plastic they will decrease in number fast. This will lead to big crisis in the environment. 

Diets- As the global population continues to grow every year, so too does the demand for agricultural products. Therefore it is important to work on the aquatic food industry to supply food for the growing population. This means quality and quantity because there is no point of delivering big quantity aquatic food if the quality is poor or if the food is poisoned with microplastic.

Economics- Approximately three billion people in the world rely on both wild-caught and farmed seafood as their primary source of protein. As the largest traded food commodity in the world, seafood provides sustenance to billions of people worldwide. If micro plastic is not managed quickly this economy will be at great danger.  

Culture- Food plays big role on the ethics of a society. The more a society is feed, the more it holds its value. Lack of basic necessity like food will make human beings omit their value and results in crisis of peace and order. 

Technology- This project proposes high tech to solve one of the biggest challenge we ever faced. 

Policy- After seeing the efficiency of this project government will make law to apply this technology.

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Hi AI-assisted Smart Fish Sorting Mechanism  welcome to the Food System Vision Prize Community!

What would life in [your city] look like in 2050?
We've built a very comprehensive Food Vision Prize Toolkit with a lot of information, activities, and guidelines. The Toolkit will help you refine your Vision and make it systemic, human-centred and well informed for the future.
Here is the link to the Prize Toolkit: http://bit.ly/2X4ZxQk