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Utilizing animal wastes to pellet organic fertilizer.

Animal wastes can increase the fertility of the soil.

Photo of Mamman Muhammad

Written by

Lead Applicant Organization Name

Yobe state, government

Lead Applicant Organization Type

  • Government

If part of a multi-stakeholder entity (i.e. team), provide the names of other organizations and types of stakeholders collaborating with you.

State government

How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?

  • Just beginning now

Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?

Yobe state, Nigeria

Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?


Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?


What country is your selected Place located in?


Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.

I'm citizen of that area

Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.

Gashua is a community in Yobe State in northeastern Nigeria, on the Yobe River a few miles below the convergence of the Hadejia River and the Jama'are River. Average elevation is about 299 m. The population in 2006 was about 125,000. The hottest months are March and April with temperature ranges of 38-40 o Celsius. In the rainy season, June-September, temperatures fall to 23-28 o Celsius, with rainfall of 500 to 1000mm. Gashua is one of the largest and most developed towns in Yobe State. Since 1976 it has been headquarters of the Bade Local Government Area . The Bade language is spoken in Gashua and in an area fanning out east and south of Gashua. Bade is one of seven languages of the Chadic family indigenous to Yobe State. The town lies near the Nguru-Gashua Wetlands , an economically and ecologically important ecological system. The town is the location of the court of Mai Bade, the Emir of Bade. The major occupation of Gashu'a is Farming (Crop husbandry, Animal husbandry and fishing)

What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?


Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.

food security and stable income are still inadequate. The responsibility is large, but for smallholder farmers, access to resources, markets and agricultural know-how often falls short. We are sitting on a vast, untapped source of economic potential. Gashua is home to more uncultivated arable land, with diverse climates suited to a wide range of plant and animal species. But dated, inappropriate policies and a lack of support are stopping our farmers from moving beyond subsistence to productive and profitable modern farming. If this current system continue like this up to 2050 Gashu'a will never wipe out Hunger, poverty,and unemployment.

Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.

An organic fertilizer is a plant or animal fertilizer that is derived from organic sources. Organic fertilizers can range from organic compost to cow manure, poultry dropping, Etc but they must be derived from all-organic sources. Having insights into how to make Animal wastes into fertilizer pellets is quite vital. If you have been using, or intend to use, Animals excreters as manure in your farm, maybe you are already aware of some of the challenges that this form of application can occur. For a start unprocessed animal wastes are quite heavy to transport. The high moisture content makes them heavy and increases their volume. All these makes them very difficult to transport, handle, store and finally utilize biomass in their original forms. Definitely, this means you will incur high costs transporting and storing components you actually don’t need in the wastes . Secondly, you cannot ensure uniformity of the materials in the cow dung. Instead of facing all these and other challenges, you have an easy and convenient and inexpensive way of using the same wastes to enrich your soil; make Animals waste into fertilizer pellets. 1. Pellets are much cheaper to transport. The final volume of pellets you get from a given quantity of cow dung is usually 50 – 80 % of the original compost. By further compressing these pellets you can reduce their volume and that way enhance their transportability. 2. The resultant compactness of the pellets ensures you will require less storage space for this fertilizer during the off season. 3. Pellets are quite suitable for mechanized spreading since they are comparatively uniform in quality and size, they can be applied using various kinds of machinery that you might already be having. 4. Pellets do not generate dust thus you can freely spread them to areas of your farm that are just next to your residence. Tips on how to make wastes into fertilizer pellets. moisture content to around 20% or less. This will ensure your pellets do not become moldy. Make animals waste into pellets for fertilizer is an easy, affordable way of maximizing the use of the biomass from your Animals . For Soil Structure pellet organic fertilizer can improve soil structure Because of the organic matter present in animals excreaters , soil structure is improved and as a result the soil’s ability to hold onto water and nutrients increases. As for micro thrive the Synthetic fertilizer consists of chemical molecules without carbon. These molecules can sometimes be disruptive and are not accessible to microbes. On the other hand, Animals wastes is rich in organic matter, which helps microbes thrive. Animals waste contains carbon as part of its chemical makeup; and it is the carbon, along with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium that feeds microbes and enables them to make nutrients available for plants in a naturally occurring biological process.

High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.

Gashua is a town that believes or see the beauty of Animal husbandry, so more animals waste is available. When we pellet those wastes Gashu'as soil and the Agricultural products will increase.. The end of poverty and hunger, in all their forms and dimensions, Gashu'a people can fulfil their potential in dignity and equality and in a healthy environment. Gashua is now free from degradation, including through sustainable consumption and production, sustainably managing its natural resources and taking urgent action on climate change, for the needs of the present and future generations. Gashu'a people are now enjoying prosperous and fulfilling lives and that economic is restored , social and technological progress occurs in harmony with nature. People of Gashu'a are now free from the issue of un employment because several pellet mill company is now available

Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?

to produce food of high nutritional quality in sufficient quantity; to interact in a constructive and life- enhancing way with all natural systems and cycles; to encourage and enhance biological cycles within the farming system, involving microorganisms, soil flora and fauna, plants, and animals; to maintain and increase long-term fertility of soils; to use, as far as possible, renewable resources in locally organized agricultural systems; to work, as far as possible, within a closed system with regard to organic matter and nutrient elements; to work, as far as possible, with materials and substances which can be reused or recycled, either on the farm or elsewhere; to give all livestock life conditions which allow them to perform the basic aspects of their innate behavior; to minimize all forms of pollution that may result from agricultural practice; to maintain the genetic diversity of the agricultural system and its surroundings, including the protection of plant and wildlife habitats; to allow agricultural producers a life according to United Nation human rights, to cover their basic needs, and obtain an adequate return and satisfaction from their work, including a safe working environment; to consider the wider social and ecological impact of the farming system.

How did you hear about the Food System Vision Prize?

  • Twitter


Join the conversation:

Photo of Itika Gupta

Hi Mamman Muhammad  welcome to the Food System Vision Prize Community!
It is wonderful to see you look at animal waste pellets as a mean for sustainable agriculture in the region.
Going beyond a solution to defining your Vision, what would Nigeria and the life of its people look like in 2050?
How might your work today look like in 2050 if you were to upset the current trends and build a new trajectory for the future that inspires others around you to collaborate? To help you speculate what your future Vision could look like, you can find some guiding principles on Future Casting and inspiration in the Vision Prize Toolkit in Chapter 3 under Tools of Transformation.
Here is the link to the Prize Toolkit:

Look forward to seeing your Vision evolve through the coming weeks.

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