The Internet of Food - A Decentralized and Localized Food Network
Networked robotic food systems that produce healthy, hyper-local food, generate an income for their owners, and regenerate landscapes.
This video is a summary of our 2050 food system vision for Huntsville. The footage shown was shot by Mycelium and collected from videos licensed under Creative Commons for reuse and modification.
This is a vision diagram of the 'Internet of Food' as envisioned by Mycelium. It will be a hyperlocalized food production system dedicated to promoting health and providing food in a sustainable manner without compromising convenience.
This is a logo of Mycelium NGO. We formed this non-profit to build and distribute open-source machines that recycle waste plastic into new products using 3D printing; robots that grow and prepare food while composting scraps; and to distribute the education for how to use those resources. By distributing both the machines that produce physical and food products from waste– and the education for how to use those machines–we hope to accelerate the advent of the circular economy.
Lead Applicant Organization Name
Lead Applicant Organization Type
Small NGO (under 50 employees)
If part of a multi-stakeholder entity (i.e. team), provide the names of other organizations and types of stakeholders collaborating with you.
1. The University of Alabama in Huntsville Students
2. North Alabama Food Bank's Farm Food Collaborative Staff
3. Long-range and Urban Planning Commission of Huntsville Staff
Website of Legally Registered Entity
How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?
Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?
Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?
United States of America
Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?
Huntsville, a city in the state of Alabama in the United States of America, covers a total area of 544 km^2 or 210 square miles.
What country is your selected Place located in?
United States of America
Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.
At Mycelium, Dan Meisner and Ankur Shah believe in igniting and accelerating circular economies using modern technology. Huntsville is our hometown where we live, work, and study. This is the city where we grew up. Ankur's family moved to Huntsville as his father bought a Subway store here. He grew up in Huntsville for the first seven years of his life before going to Mumbai, India for ten years for his early education. He returned from Mumbai in 2015 to pursue college at the University of Alabama in Huntsville to study Earth System Science and Physics. Dan Meisner obtained his degree in mechanical engineering and founded Mycelium to build open-source tools that help accelerate the advent of the circular economy.
During these past four years, we realized how unsustainable the lifestyle is in Huntsville. A fast-paced suburban individualistic lifestyle consumes and wastes limited resources. Fast food is a preferred lunch choice by many employees as noted from Ankur's experience in helping his father at his Subway restaurant. People prefer the cheap cost and convenience of fast food over their health in Huntsville. When it comes to the food system, most people living in urban Huntsville purchase from the supermarkets or eat at restaurants where the food has arrived in freight trucks from other states. Hence, the carbon footprint of the food we eat is quite high.
However, Huntsville is also known as ‘The Rocket City’ owing to its association with U.S. space missions. In 1960, NASA formed the Marshall Space and Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville to develop boosters for the Saturn rocket used by NASA’s Apollo Lunar Landing Program. This is an incredibly smart city with a high concentration of engineering talent so Huntsville has a high potential to create a technology-based local and sustainable food system that will drastically reduce its dependence on the industrial food system and improve the health of the population.
Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.
This is a short video created by 'This is Alabama' and presented by the Huntsville/Madison County Convention and Visitor's Bureau which shows the spirit of this city eloquently. Huntsville is a unique town and is one of the primary cities involved in NASA's Apollo Space Missions. This earned Huntsville the title of 'Rocket City'.
This is the location of Huntsville as displayed on the map of the United States.
This is an aerial satellite view of Huntsville and the city extent is shown by the red border.
This is the historic Saturn V model rocket which is the icon of Huntsville's legacy in U.S. Space Missions
This is a video created by Mycelium which briefly describes the food system challenges in Huntsville and local solutions. The video features multiple stakeholders in the city who are working to make a positive difference towards food and urban sustainability.
This is a map of food deserts in the inner city of downtown of Huntsville displaying low-income communities with reduced access to food. LI and LA represent Low Income and Low Access respectively. The green and orange areas represent areas which do not have access to nutritious foods within 1 mile and 0.5 miles respectively.
These maps display the flow of food to and from Madison County of Alabama within the United States. The data was obtained from Xiaowen Lin et al., 2019 and US Census Bureau. The maps were created using food flow data from 2012 and represents the total annual inflows and outflows for that year.
Citation: Xiaowen Lin et al 2019 Environ. Res. Lett. 14 084011. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab29ae
The map above displays a total of 653 restaurants within the city limits of Huntsville. This data was obtained from the City of Huntsville's GIS Portal website.
Out of these restaurants, 202 are fast-food joints consisting of McDonald's, Taco Bell, KFC, Subway, Wendy's, Burger King, and Sonic among many others. There is one fast-food restaurant for every 1000 people in Huntsville. This indicates a heavy reliance on unhealthy foods due to the ease and convenience of purchasing.
This graph displays the change in the estimated population in the city of Huntsville according to data and future projections from the City Planning Commission of Huntsville. This city will become the largest one in Alabama by 2030 according to the projections.
This is a land-use map of Madison County, Alabama derived from USDA's NASS Cropscape web service. The highest acreage of agricultural land is categorized as grassland or pasture. This displays a high potential of land transformation to farms for food.
This is a bar chart displaying the land use types by acreage in Madison county which contains the city of Huntsville. The data is derived from the National Agriculture Statistics Service (NASS) Cropscape online tool.
This is a pie chart showing the diversity of ethnicities as a percentage of the population of Huntsville. The data was obtained from the US Census Bureau.
Huntsville Alabama’s fourth-largest city located in Madison county of north Alabama. This is a rapidly urbanizing city experiencing high population growth as shown above. Huntsville represents a token case of a city with growing pains. It lies in the Appalachian region of northern Alabama and is surrounded by plateaus and hills. Huntsville has a humid subtropical climate with warm and humid summers and mild winters. The city is located close to the Tennessee River which provides water for industrial and domestic consumption.
Unlike rural Alabama, Huntsville is a high-tech town and among the best places for job opportunities in the southern U.S. Huntsville is a college town as it houses multiple colleges out of which the largest ones are the University of Alabama in Huntsville, Alabama A and M University, and Oakwood University with a total student body of about 17,000. Approximately 42% of the population has a Bachelor’s degree or higher indicating a well-educated population. As a result, there is a growing share of specialized jobs in the city. The population has a median age of 36.9 and a median household income of $51,926. Huntsville has among the most diverse populations in the state of Alabama. It can be best described as a high-tech Southern culture mixed with multiple ethnicities as shown in the graph image above. People come to this city in search of better opportunities.
The culture of Huntsville is a busy one like most metropolitan cities. People want their work to get done fast, conveniently, and efficiently. People do not always have time to cook meals. This culture reflects in their food choices as the consumption of fast food is increasingly common. The state of Alabama has 6.3 fast-food restaurants per 10,000 people making it the state with the highest number of fast-food restaurants in the country. Typical foods include pork, steak, catfish, fried pickles, fried okra, fried tomatoes, chicken salad, and cornbread.
Most of the economic growth of Huntsville comes from the space industry and military technology. Agriculture does not play a huge economic role in the city so most foods are exported from other states and sold in supermarkets. However, Madison county relies greatly on growing and exporting corn, soy, cotton, and beef. Families or individuals operate 91% of farms in Alabama and the state ranks second in the country for broiler and catfish production.
Huntsville is home to centers of large companies such as Boeing, HudsonAlpha, Dynetics, and Lockheed Martin. Innovation across several industries such as biotechnology, automobile manufacturing, space exploration, and telecommunications takes place in this city. Huntsville has an incredibly talented workforce in Huntsville which can be leveraged for creating a high-tech localized and decentralized food system.
What is the approximate size of your Place, in square kilometers? (New question, not required)
What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?
Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.
Huntsville’s food system faces several current and future challenges owing to its rapid economic growth. The current challenges Huntsville faces fall in the six criteria themes.
Poor diets have led to high rates of obesity, cardiovascular disease, and cancers. Alabama the sixth most obese state in the country with 36.8% of the population being obese. Madison county where Huntsville lies has an adult obesity rate of 32.8% The Southern diet is high in added fats, fried food, eggs, processed meats, and sugar-sweetened beverages. The diabetes prevalence rate of Madison county is 12.3% which is higher than the national average of 9.4%. Even public schools in the city feed children with unhealthy meals.
People eat foods out of season due to the 7 month growing period in this region. Foods sold in supermarkets come with excessive packaging leading to rising landfill waste. These store-foods are generally from different states or even other countries. There is no reliable public transportation in Huntsville so each resident owns an average of two cars. For people who cannot afford cars, they depend on food sources around them. There is a high consumption of highly processed foods by a 15% of people facing poverty who find it difficult to afford healthier options. People in poverty are the worst affected as food deserts exist in North Alabama where the only food options are fast-food stores or gas stations.
The fast-paced culture of this city has also led people to cook less so the frequency of eating at restaurants has increased. There is excessive food waste from supermarkets and restaurants in the city and no centralized policies to mitigate it. Moreover, there is no enforced composting for creating manure from food waste so it ends up in landfills or is incinerated in a controlled manner indicating a linear disposable economy of food. Due to a rising urban population, there is an increased conversion of forests and green spaces to suburbs and shopping centers leading to higher demand for outsourced food. In addition, the suburban areas of Huntsville have excessive lawns, backyards and beautification spaces using water and land without gardens. These lands could be used for creating food forests instead so they provide an opportunity.
Huntsville is poised to become the largest city in Alabama by 2030 with a population of 231,886. In 2050, the projected population of approximately 250,000 if the current population growth rate of 1.4% remains steady. This will lead to an increased reduction of green spaces and a higher demand for outsourced food under a business as usual scenario. Due to climate change, Alabama also faces the threat of increased frequencies of drought-like other states such as those in the Western United States. This will lead to higher food insecurity and people in poverty will be hit the worst.
Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.
Mycelium's vision for a 2050 food system for Huntsville involved localizing food production for reducing the carbon footprint of the current industrial food system feeding Huntsville, improving the health of the population, and creating communities of people connected by food. For solving the issue of outsourced foods grown in an unsustainable manner and sold in supermarkets, Mycelium envisions households and neighborhoods with multiple food gardens and food forests grown and managed by robots.
Firstly, the lawns and backyards of every suburban household will be converted to gardens for growing food for the family members. The city of Huntsville will provide financial incentives for people to have a garden. To provide a food supply for the entire year, cylindrical hydroponic and aquaponic systems will be used in communities. The plant-based produce will be package free unless it needs to be transported to people elsewhere in the city. This packaging will be created from mushrooms grown from food waste.
For addressing obesity and cardiovascular diseases, our vision has incorporated the use of intelligent bathrooms which transfer data to a mobile application to determine the nutritional needs of the user. Each person will be recommended specific nutrient-dense foods according to their health needs which are grown in their robot-managed gardens. Localizing food production indoors and outdoors will automatically lead to eating seasonal foods.
To reduce and reuse food waste, the excess produce will be distributed on an online market. The city government will have a curbside food recycling program and designated areas to create compost which will be used on the food-growing gardens to close the loop of food production. Communities in poverty who may not have the resources for a robot-managed garden will have designated food forests grown by robots. These forests will contain foods to promote health in specific communities. This system will enable a high degree of independence from established supermarkets.
Grocery stores and supermarkets will not become obsolete but their products will have a sustainability rating based on its life cycle with the data collected and transferred with a blockchain system. To solve the issue of increased land conversion from green spaces and forested areas to impervious urban surfaces, land-use policies will be enforced in 2050. Our vision also incorporates land regeneration whereby people buy land with the financial incentives to grow and sell food after investing in reviving the land potential.
High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.
Imagine waking up in 2050 to a healthy breakfast every morning that is automatically prepared by a robotic chef in your kitchen, using ingredients from your own robotic garden. Coupled with health information such as your recent nutrient intake data from the smart bathroom. Each meal is customized for your tastes and optimized for your health. Meanwhile, the waste from the system is intelligently managed and recycled back into the food production system.
Since your neighbors also have these robotic food systems, your excess produce is automatically traded between you and your neighbors via an online digital farmers market. This digital market enables the robot chef, for example, to request ingredients that aren't currently being produced in your robot garden. Those ingredients from the digital farmers market are then transported via a combination of self-driving cars, drones, and ground delivery robots.
This digital market enables your robotic food system to pay for itself. By selling the excess produce, fish, seeds, cooked meals, and even compost on the digital farmers market, this robotic system provides you an income. Once your robotic garden pays for itself, part of that income can go towards investing in a small plot of barren land outside the city. With multiple people investing in a small plot of land, a larger piece of land is purchased, and the same technology powering your robotic garden begins growing a regenerative permaculture food forest on that newly purchased land.
The delivery robots drop composts and organic fertilizers onto that land. The drones drop seeds. Over time, a robotically-grown permaculture food forest emerges and expands to regenerate the land. The food from the food forest is then sold on the same digital farmers market, earning you an income from your original land investment. This financially incentivizes regenerating land, while providing people access to healthy and hyper-locally grown organic foods.
Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?
This is a visual interpretation of Mycelium's envisioned 2050 food system for Huntsville.
This is a short summary video of our vision for Huntsville. All footage was either shot by us or licensed under creative commons for reuse and modification.
This is a picture from the Food System Vision 2050 event hosted by Mycelium in Huntsville, Alabama. We gathered 21 stakeholders representing farmers, permaculturists, researchers, restaurant owners, and students to brainstorm the full vision for Huntsville's food system.
This is another image of all the stakeholders at our FSVP event.
This video answers FAQ regarding our vision and the use of technology to produces healthy, hyper-local organic food, and regenerate local landscapes.
In the previously discussed points provide evidence as to why the current system is hitting its limits. Business, as usual, cannot continue to work through the next century. In the words of Buckminster Fuller,
"You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the old model obsolete."
Our vision aims to completely transform our current food system over the next 30 years towards an entirely new system of decentralization, localization, and resilience. Our vision is segmented into six main themes. We have summarized the vision components in bullet form for conciseness. The document containing all the references is attached to the vision below and are labeled by number in parentheses.
1. Food Production
Advanced automated robotic gardens that plant, grow and harvest food on farms, backyards, and indoors based on the demand of the system
Transitional Steps (from 2020 to 2050):
-Integrate existing open-source robotic technology such as Farmbot (1) and Ironox (2) on local farms to empower local farmers
-Create social media campaigns publicizing growing community gardens in every back yard and encouraging an exchange of food
-Conduct soil tests on potential outdoor gardens to determine nutrients required
-Iterate on early robotic systems to create more advanced systems that produce food all year such as rotating cylindrical hydroponics systems by Omega (3) and LG Indoor gardening (4)
Transitional Policies (to be implemented by Huntsville City Council):
-Tax incentives for growing food on private land (like reduced property tax) and for local grocery stores and restaurants to use local ingredients
-Budgets for schools to build gardens at the school and integrate gardening into the curriculum
-Programs to create community gardens to low-income and public housing areas
-Programs to deliver/rent Robotic Food Systems that generate incomes as Universal Basic Assets (5) instead of Universal Basic Income
2050 vision components:
-Automated, sustainable, and multiple small-scale robotic gardens and indoor farms
- Hardware parts of small robots can be 3D printed out of plant-based material, like PLA or PHA and distributed as open source designs
-Food is grown indoors either with in-home food modules or weaved through vertical structures like apartment buildings
-Partnerships with rural farmers in surrounding counties to source local produce
-Aquaponics systems with fish grown and provide nutrients to plants, plant waste feeds insects for fish food
-Algae Production in areas of the system that are beneficial and is used for nutrient supplement (like spirulina), biofuels, cooking oils or plant-based plastics
-Mushroom production for food and packaging, grown on inedible plant biomass like straw, stalks, woodchips, nutshells, and coffee ground
-Insect production from waste food scraps, for both insect flour for human food supplement, and fish/chicken food (6)
-Lab-Grown meat grown on stacks of trays in a controlled environment optimized for tissue growth (7) (8)
-Integrate food bearing plants into existing ornamental gardens and landscapes
2. Food Preparation
Robotic chef arms convert ingredients from local gardens into fully cooked meals in homes and restaurants
-Augmented reality applications to help teach cooking/preparation of garden-grown vegetables and meals at home combined with apps that suggest meals to prepare
-Feedback can drive meal suggestions to match individual flavors and tastes
-Programs to integrate locally grown healthy produce into school lunches
-Creation of community centers for people to bring excess garden fruits and vegetables for donations to be made into community meals
-Programs taught by food preparers to involve students in the process of preparing their school lunches from local produce
-Integrate curriculum and education into schools for food preservation
2050 vision components:
-Robotic chef arms convert ingredients from the robotic garden into prepared meals such as Moley’s kitchen chef (9)
-Uses 3D Printed Foods such as those from Foodini (10) for unique flavors and texture combinations
-Meals are suggested based on your nutrition data
-Adopts cooking to tastes over time based on your feedback and can change flavors to account for cultural and dietary differences (11)
-By exchanging cooked meals on the digital farmers market (point 5 below), the system can pay for itself
3. Data Integration for Health Improvement
Nutrient intake and health data utilized to optimize individual health.
-Fitbits, smartphone, tablet health analysis
-Apps that use AI object recognition to track food/ingredient/calorie intake with just pictures of meals
-Augmented reality fitness coaches
-Reduce the amount of unhealthy snacks advertising on TV, especially for children and mandate healthy school lunches
-Create standards for health data, format, and security
2050 Vision Components:
-Smart toilets (12) in homes assess nutrient intake in the body after use and communicate results via a mobile app with the consumer
-Data compiled by a robotic chef to determine meals to optimize health and nutrient intake to prevent deficiencies and chronic diseases
4. Reducing Food Waste
Utilizing intelligent waste management technology and policies to create a circular closed-loop food system
-Gather data like images from wasted food for the purpose of training machine learning algorithms for sorting food waste
-Build open-source tools and products that identify and sort food waste in compartmentalized waste bins
-Use apps that suggest recipes to cook with ingredients, or match people with excess food to be purchased at a discount (13)
-Create more standardized food expiration labels (like a statistical bell curve of dates)
-Centralized curbside composting which employs waste recoverers
-Tax incentives for restaurants that compost; for grocery stores that prepare food made from ingredients that are near sell-by dates; discount areas for ugly fruits/veggies and near sell-by dates; companies upcycling food waste into new innovative products
-Fines for grocery stores that throw away food rather than composting (like in France and Denmark)
-Tax incentives for insect farmers and companies using insect-based ingredients in Huntsville (14)
-Local advertisements for insect-based snacks to help transition the practice towards mainstream
2050 Vision Components:
-Automatic identification and sorting of food waste such as Winnow Vision (15)
-Compost used for food forests and gardens produced from the waste of households, restaurants, and grocery stores
-Bioplastics (PHA) made from compostable waste (16) and mushrooms for food packaging (17)
-Insect production from food scraps that aren’t composted (sustainable protein for aquaculture and humans)
5. Digital Farmers Market
A network for transportation of all the goods produced in the robotic food systems.
-Build an online network (18) for the exchange of locally grown produce, where anyone can earn an income selling the food one grows at home in the local area (like “Uber” for gardening)
-Integrate feedback, ratings, and pictures of the garden so people can see where that food comes from
-Create local food processing and distribution centers for value addition of food
-Integrate existing infrastructure for food delivery services, into that network so people can have local garden vegetables delivered (19)
-Integrate current online grocery services
2050 vision components:
-Automatic exchange earns an income for owners of Robotic Food Systems, enabling them to pay for themselves
-Blockchain-based tracking of transactions (20)
-Plant/garden-grown ingredient exchange and distribution
-Seed and compost exchange
-Insect “flour” to feed fish and chickens, or as food supplement/ingredient
-Fully-cooked meals delivered by self-driving cars (on-demand foods)
-Robotic Gardens can automatically grow food based on network supply and demand.
-Longer-distance delivery to handle larger spikes or dips in demand
6. Landscape Regeneration
Utilizing all the above to regenerate unproductive landscapes with food forests grown with permaculture techniques
-Pilot projects in communities to establish food forests on empty plots
2050 Vision Components:
-Fukuoka seed bombs created from seeds of local harvest (21)
-Drones planting seed bombs to create food forests (22)
-Funded through blockchain-backed crowdfunding of small parcels of land
-Food sold on that land generates an income for the original investors in that land, financially incentivizing the regeneration of the land
How did you hear about the Food System Vision Prize?