Our vision is to restore degraded Land for rural women using synecoculture that is a New technic of agriculture.
Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.
Sanmatenga is a place that I was born. I did my primairy school in a village named Fanka, located in Sanmatenga. I did also my secondaire shcool there (Kaya). Sanmatenga means in our language (mooré) Land of gold. But is in the past. Nowaday, Communities have Many difficulties for their livehood because of deep dépendance of agriculture. I worked in 77 villages of this region for six month. My experience in this area Sow that people in general and a specific women a suffering by lack of fertile land for agricultural. Productivité is lower because of poverty of land and lack of water. I worked with the Resilience and Économic Groth in th Sahel- enhaced Resilience (RÉGIS-ER). I chose this location because I want to increase the agriculture production, biodiversity with synecoculture agriculture, diversity the sources of Food system.
Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.
Cartographie of Sanmatenga
Sanmatenga is the region that more than 86% are in the agriculture sector. Food is essentially provided by cereals that represente 89% of spéculation and 90% of cultivable explotation. The rate of cereals cover to people need is 76%. With the rate, people have to complete their need in other domain.. climat change has impacted people daily life. Rainfall is under 600mm an is characterise drough for sort or long Time, dangerous wind and inondations. That has conséquence crops production. Land become more and more dry. Natural ressources wich is the second sources of population is threat to desappear because of the excessive use by people. On fact fuel is provided by trees cutting. The most represented people is moosi, fulany, and marka. Children are suffering by deseases causes by Bad alimentation such as undernourishing in which quantity and quality aren't respected. Poverty make women an men more and more vulnerable and dependant. Health sector is affected because of lack of money to health Center.(see attached documents.
Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.
Our Food system will face to Many challenges: Bases on définition of synecoculture which is an open field agriculture whithout ferlizant and pesticides, but only seed or crops in which work less than conventionnel agriculture. With the interaction of ecosystem, plant will give the highest level of production and harvesting is continousely because there is végétables, fruits, terbercule, a lot of product which is function of number of species and varieties. First of all, we aim to increase agricultural production and productivity by restoring the poorest land with combination of Many species and varieties of crops which is fondamental principle of synecoculture. Secondly, increase land accessibility of women giving the thé possibility to diversify the sources of Food and making them less dépendant of men. Moreover increase the supply végétables, fruits, and other product of synecologic gardent can generate income for women, making them less dependant economicaly and Can have impact on their using the product of this farm because there is no pesticides in this area. On the ecological plan, synecoculture is the methodes, that the multi integration is solution to increase ecological performance by incresing productivity. It allow to restore forest usiful without hard work and without long time.that Can contibute to reduce greenhouse effects by reducing carbone émission.[ No finish]
Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.
To Begin, we will take focus on ten village for démonstration in wich we chose t'en association of ten women. We will reach dedgraded land in which crops will Rise defficultly or impossibly. With the customers and local autorities this land Can be certificate for only the associations. Approximativly two hectare for two association of the ten women, that is mean that each woman Can have globaly 1000m^2 for her use. the two ha combined Can reduce the Coste of investment. Every two ha wil be irrigate with aspersion system that water is provided by underground source. With motor actionable by Solar energie equipment become possible un Rural area. The last moment is the restoring and production that are simultaneously this synecoculture. We define and provided all seeds and or crops adaptable in this area, and with our young people trained in our structure in crops and animales production, we introduce the production.
High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.
With our vision, people Can strenghten their Food that is important for children and mothers, For the the pregnant women. That Can contribute to reduce Many deseases causes by Food problème. Rural women who work only for wet Season Can work now in their farm which generate income by selling products. Poverty Will reduce enormousely because women Can creat others imployements by utilising benefits of the farme. Ecosystem which is threaten by extinction of some species Can be regenerated slowly and by human contribution car be important for this ecosystem cultivating
Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?
The synecoculture will contribute to fight against climat change by reducing climat warming with the usely forest. We promote biodiversity protection .Through our vision, we plan to reduce hunger, malnutrition and poverty of vulnerable people (in particular women and children through restorative agriculture and resilient to climate change, while promoting equitable access to natural resources.
synecoculture makes it possible to restore the soil in a short period of time with the interaction of the species put in place. Putting several varieties in the same space gives us a flora biodiversity introduced by humans. This biodiversity will be sustainable since it is the object of private property. The microfauna will develop due to the presence of plant residues which constitute their basic food. A complete ecosystem will be born locally. With the progress of our project, biodiversity will be created and protected at a community level. Also, the creation of useful forests implies increased carbon consumption at the local level, anything that contributes to reducing the greenhouse gases of which carbon dioxide is the main element. Global warming will be less. And if it spreads we will help mitigate the harmful effects of climate change.
Synecoculture is a form of open-air farming introducing several edible species over a small area. This technique gives us dietary diversity without pesticides. So on the same soil we can introduce fruit species, vegetables, tubers, medicinal plants and even species for animal feed. This dietary diversity offered by the synecological garden is a source of food available and accessible at all times by the beneficiaries, which reinforces food security at the level advocated by the FAO of which Burkina Faso is a member. Worldwide 1 in 9 people are hungry and in Africa there are almost 825 million hungry people according to the global health report. This project will not only fight hunger at the community level, but also provide healthy, rich and balanced food at the local level. This will help fight diseases linked to malnutrition. The medicinal plants put in place will make it possible to fight against many diseases thus reducing the mortality rate, in particular those of children and pregnant women.
On the economic level, we will see an increase in women's income by selling their organic product on local markets. With the harvest at any time, women will always have enough to sell and their substantial income can be used to strengthen access to basic social services such as health and education. Others may create other income-generating activities through the processing of primary products or the inclusion of livestock and contributing to the employability of rural people.
4. On the cultural level
A transformation in eating habits will see the light of day with the introduction of new dishes. Also the marginalization of rural women which is caused by their direct dependence on their spouse in our traditional societies will be reduced. Land being the property of men in most of our societies, with this practice which is ours, women will be able to have access to land as property, work to be independent and therefore participate in decision-making at community level.
An innovation in the agricultural sector has gone from monogamous agriculture to agriculture creating and preserving a terrestrial ecosystem. The practice of gynecological agriculture is a technique that allows you to have everything on the same soil. It is therefore an innovation in the agricultural sector which produces by building than by destroying. The only problem with synecological agriculture is water because on arid soil you need a perennial source of water to ensure supply. To do this, we offer drilling with motorized drainage and powered by solar energy. This pump is equipped with a drip irrigation system. The whole constitutes a large market for the solar energy industry.
The current food policy is the promotion of food and nutritional security. Our vision goes hand in hand with this policy since it advocates for a diverse optimal sustainable production. By 2050, we will contribute to achieving food security with our vision.