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Promoting Innovative Vegetable Resource System for a Transformative Food Security and Sustainable Environment for Lagos Future

Improving Food Systems Resources through Innovative Technologies to leverage Nutrition, Food Security and Sustainable Lagos Future

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Lead Applicant Organization Name

Vide Adedayo

Lead Applicant Organization Type

  • Other

If part of a multi-stakeholder entity (i.e. team), provide the names of other organizations and types of stakeholders collaborating with you.

Association of Lagos Vegetable farmers, Lagos state Ministry of Agriculture, Felifort food enterprise, NGOs, Lagos State Waste Management Authority: Lagos Food Marketers and processors: Consumers Association of Nigeria, News Agency of Nigeria, Federal Institute of Industrial Research, University of Lagos: National Agency for Food Drugs Administration and Control; Students Association.

Website of Legally Registered Entity

www.unilag.edu.ng

How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?

  • Under 1 year

Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?

Lagos State

Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?

Nigeria

Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?

Lagos State is one of the 36 states in Nigeria, West African and extends over total area of about 3,577 sq km

What country is your selected Place located in?

Nigeria

Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.

University of Lagos Food System Vision Group selected Lagos because, Lagos is faced with considerable problems in establishing a continuous supply of safe and wholesome food for its growing population most of who are engaged in non- agricultural activities. Lagos is particularly in danger of being engulfed in food crisis if nothing radical is done now. The food situation is of much concern because in the early 70s, Lagos used to boast of agricultural settlement such as Dairy Farm in Agege established to provide healthy food for its people. With increasing population, Lagos has diminished in its capacity to provide sufficient, safe and quality food for its people.  The food system is thus characterized by marine and artisanal fisheries, provision of wholesome meat through Abattoir- Transport-Market (ATM) scheme, Lagos government agro-partnership (Lagos-Kebbi rice partnership) and the Agric-Yes project with no formal considerations for vegetable value-chain system; The state Government effort in ensuring food security for the state now focuses more on food availability with very minimal concerns on food system safety and quality. In addition, Lagos is city-state, the economic nerve center, a former capital of Nigeria and the largest metropolitan city in the country, having grown tremendously in the last 50 years. it is the centre for multinational industries, trade, and commerce due to its proximity to the Atlantic ocean and has numerous government infrastructure.  Lagos is the mother of all states and a home to people from all parts of Nigeria and a training ground for hustling and bustling apart from being an exciting place with lots of ’bukas’ (indigenous food joints). University food system Vision group are connected to Lagos because we have leaved, schooled, worked and carried out researches at different levels, different parts and different times in Lagos state.

Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.

Lagos State is one of the 36 states in Nigeria and was created in 1967. It lies within latitude 6 23’N and 6 41’N and longitude 3 9’E and 3 28’E, and extends over an area of about 1,140 km out of the Lagos state total area of about 3577km with about 787 sq km of this covered with water. From the west the Badagry creek enters from the Republic of Benin and is joined in the north about 24km from the Nigeria – Benin border by the Yewa River. The rest of the state is dominated by the Lagos Lagoon. Lagos constitutes of two major regions: the Island, which is the original city and the Mainland, which is made up by rapidly growing settlements. Lagos falls under the Tropical Monsoon Climate (Am) class (Koppen’s classification) and experiences both rainy and the dry seasons. The climate is tropical, hot and wet with average temperature of about 27 °C and annual average rainfall of 1532 mm. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recognizes the Lagos (Nigeria) coast as one of the low-lying coasts in Western Africa which is likely to experience severe effects from flooding as a result of rising sea levels and climate change making the area very susceptible to flooding especially at high tides and during the rainy season. In addition, steady coastal retreat occurres in some areas as a result of grand scale beach erosion. The population of the municipal boundary of Lagos rose from about 20,000 in 1850 (Udo, 1981) to around 269,000 in 1952 (Mabogunje, 2011) and 650,000 in 1963 (Oyeleye, 2001) and about 9.1million in 2006 (NPC 2010). The population was projected to be at 21 million in 2020 (NPC 2016), making Lagos State to be the 8th fastest growing city in Africa. With a large population occupying a metropolitan catchment area of 1, 171.28 square kilometres, 999.6 square kilometres for land and 171.68 square kilometres for water, this implies all aspects of the city’s natural resources are over exploited. The Lagos has today consolidated the sprawl into farther settlements north of Lagos extending to about 1000km2. Incidentally, these smaller villages and communities used to provide the space for growing the much needed local food supply including fresh vegetables to Lagos area. Today, over 99% of the local food supply to Lagos comes from far flung of Nigeria with huge impact on food quality and safety. The phenomenal increase in both the spatial extent and population of the Lagos city poses negative effects on urban functions, food supply and environmental services. Hence traditional urban agriculture that is common in some cities of similar population status is limited in Lagos. Lagos food system is thus at risk of supply from import and production from areas far-away from the city and can significantly threaten food and nutrition security under emergency situation and in warmer future climate. In spite of these, distribution food loss and food waste remain critical constraints in the food system chain

What is the approximate size of your Place, in square kilometers? (New question, not required)

3577

What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?

21000000

Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.

The present population growth rate of Lagos has lots of negative implications for the food systems and might further aggravate if nothing is done. Apart from the lack of adequate access to food system resources (land, input, water, market, technology, packaging storage and transport) to meet up with the growing demand, the conditions also have serious effect on the urban income levels, ecosystem service delivery, investment, workforce, food price and relevant supporting services. Over 90% of Lagos food is based on import, influencing food availability, preparatory styles, storage, access, malnutrition rate and healthy food choices. The impact of climate change and persistence resources conflicts in the major food production areas is also huge in Lagos escalating the already saturated food barriers for the citizenry. The situation is expected to be worsen as the population is projected to double by 2050 and the climate change impacts bites harder. The risk of hunger, food scarcity and food price fluctuations may likely pose future danger to the changing pattern of food demand. Lagos food systems lack diversification, standardization along the food chain and there is paucity of data that can aid planning. Food culture and diet in Lagos tilt towards over processing, multiple use of food additives and high carbohydrates and fat density. By 2050, Lagos food culture and dietary habits might are accelerate towards patronizing local food vendors who lack the right understanding of the essence of feeding to create health and reduce diseases. The food system quality and safety will accommodate disparity and changes that will be directly related rise in pattern of lifestyle and shift towards too wrong nutrients that increase risk of diseases development. Governmental policies for enhancing the food system are sectorial, unconnected lacking the capacity to support the current and future food demands. The budget is low and affects all parts of the food system institutions, science & technology, infrastructure, agricultural services- extension, inputs, agri-finance in addition to building human capacities. Monitoring and tracing food contaminations and poisoning are also key challenge. Lagos food system is also characterized by depleted natural resources (water and soil salinity and pollution) and food loss/waste. Over 65% of the Lagos waste is biodegradable and there is very minimal effort in waste recovery and recycling amid inadequate access to organic resources for healthy food system. Components of the Lagos food system lacks precision, automation, mechanization biotechnology and are characterized by over 70% informal and illiterate operators’ who employ traditional implements and are engage in  uncontrolled use of additives leading to safety and quality concerns. There is also lack of collaborations among and between stakeholders for viable food systems that can leverage food security and sustainable human and environmental livelihood.

Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.

Our vision intends to generate a baseline data that will express the extent, peculiarity and magnitude of the food systems challenge in Lagos using a multi-stakeholder and ecosystems approaches to make clear the food system gaps for redesigning. An assessment of the food resources will be done to evaluate peoples willingness and readiness to adopt an alternative and new techniques and its associated trade-offs.  The activities of the team will focus on vegetable food system value chain as a case study to under study the food system in the Lagos because vegetables production in Lagos is highly informal and comparatively places the state at a disadvantage positions despite its nutritional value, contributions to peoples diets and the livelihood conditions of both men and women. Our vision intends to strengthen the synergy between and among food system actors and operators to foster mutual support, network, interdependence of the Lagos vegetable value chain so as to have a common value and messaging to increase sustainability of the food system. Aside from carrying out desk review of food systems policies, we intend to develop policy brief to engage Decision and policy makers in a multi-stakeholder platform to influence efficient, effective and health food system  policy.A number of pilot Mywaste–Myfood projects will be initiated (waste collection, composting, urban agriculture-vertical/hydroponic, neighbourhood Support centres) to strengthen household and communities and partner with then to reduce waste, reuse waste, health practices and produce and process their own food in order to increase access to healthy food, employment, increase income, safe and sustainable food system. We hope to develop simple, handy local and adoptable technology innovations for organic activities in households and communities. 

 we will carry out ‘Mywaste-Myfood’ public sensitization and awareness campaign using varied information, communication materials and the media (school education programmes, food harvest fair, food culture events) to enlighten and educate the general public and the need to transform individual, households and organisations lifestyle to improve food quality and ensure longterm changes in the food system in Lagos . Apart from building the capacity of food system stakeholders, our team will develop the capacity of young researchers (Masters and PhD students) as participants, trainee for dissemination of research information and reporting

High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.

We envision Lagos will become more food-resilient and inclusive and make best practice on ideal organic and healthy principles and practices, becoming cleaner and healthier and sustainable city and create a favourable and supportive drive through increased partnership, networking, collaboration across the food system through inclusiveness, flexibility in promoting the transformation process it requires to leverage food security and sustainable health food system. We envision the consumers, household and organisations (private and public have access to healthier and nutritional diets, opportunities, increased income and poverty alleviation through co- production and co-sharing. We envision Lagos will be rejuvenated and strengthened such that the people will be socially and economically buoyant as more people will be heightened about the need to live healthy and empowered for human centred and realistic actions. More Lagosians will be eager to recycle and reuse food waste with concern to minimize food loss and food waste aside from keying into neighbourhood food support program (donation, storage and sharing) to improve access to good and quality food by the most- poor. We envision Lagos consumers embracing non-conventional systems to produce, process, and prepare what the consume using minor spaces, fragile land, roof tops, vertical and hydroponic to increase the diversification of their diet and nutrition and at the same time improve the environment. We environ a city where the food system is driven by food safety, nutrition and health and where consumers will have food choices within a health option and where health medication will be attained through local food, diet and nutrient at reduced cost and precise nutrient concentration in the food and where the nutritious food take the least of household budget.

Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?

Everyone in the city is concern about the safety and nutrient content of the food they buy from the market and their sources. This is because new stories emerge each day in newspapers providing frightened information about the Lagos food systems. Can you imagine waking up into a brand new day and being greeted with a caption like ‘flood has destroyed urban farm lands resulted into poor yield or restaurant uses paracetamol  (acetaminophen) as meat tenderizer, sniper  (Dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate) is used to preserve grains for human consumption,  or even look through your window and watch fellow human feeding from your community waste bin’. These are, and even worst of what we experience each day in Lagos. From 1900 when Lagos was a fishing community till date reports have show food system activities have gradually from having abundance resources to inadequate access to food resources (input, technology, skill knowledge, man power, human and infrastructure) due to increase population, urbanization and effects of climate change and the conditions are getting worse with time. With less than two percent of the Lagos state’ arable land devoted to organic and healthy food production, the Lagos food system challenge has been linked to the current state of hunger, poverty, food loss/food waste, micro nutrient deficiencies, malnutrition and food insecurity, effects of climate change and it is predicted to soar much higher should the present conditions continue. Apart from this, Lagos food availability, affordability and safety are in jeopardy mounting pressures on environmental resources and threatening feeble livelihood conditions. In addition, the current food system lacks efficient and effective state policy, collaboration, data and information, innovative technology, human capacity and education and commitment for fundamental change which are key impetus for sustainable Lagos future.   

By 2050, when Lagos population will rise to about 32.6 million and all persons will be 30 years older with many mouth to be nourished and fed, we envision employing the current life lessons to redesign and re-invent a new paradigm in ten (4) food sub-system areas focusing on promoting innovative vegetable resource system for a transformative food security and sustainable environment for Lagos future. We envisioned an accessible and holistic data and information of the Lagos food system that will be interconnected with household and community waste reuse and recycle for composting, vertical production in household and community grown crop system, based on invented and designed local and environmentally friendly technology (MywastMyfood). By 2050 Lagos will have a more systemic collaborative policy review, capacity building, public enlightened and intervention programs for communities and individuals. Our vision interconnected framework as related to policy, culture, technology, economic, diet and environment is as  

Interestingly, using the household and community sorting, recycling and reusing waste as a case will enhance waste reduction to landfills, ensure cleaner environment and reduces cost of waste disposal to households and community members making compost / organic resources available to improved soil health, promote healthy food production apart from reducing GHG emission, restoring urban ecosystem services, biodiversity and minimizing energy consumption and underground and water pollution at the long run. Our vision will provide new and interdependence perspective for research and designs a local technological innovation such as food scanners, simple rapid composting bins, production, packaging and processing of edible resources. In 2050, automated food technology will soar, reshape grow, higher breed, re-tracking, small grow system, distribution and consumption of food and ensure producing more food with less resources and efforts. The right inputs for food will be made available so as to minimize soil salinity, infertility and compactness. Our activities will support change in diets and have significant decrease in GHG emission intensity and improved environmental health.  Changes in dietary pattern will reflect increase food choices and cuisines, create emotional stability, positive social behaviour, psychological balancing,  increase nutrition, reduce risk of health problems and less use of poisonous  and dangerous additives in the food system. More Lagosians will stay health and spend less of their income on food and better living as community and family waste will be composted and more people embrace home grown food. Culturally, we envision Lagosian grow and process their own food to enable them know exactly what they eat and their food nutrient contents. Lagosians diets and calorie intake will move towards a more vegetable based diet and intensified vegetable production.

 Change in habit and cultural preference for synthetic and processed food will be minimized and native delicacies and traditional knowledge will show forth to reshape dietary transition even in the rural areas. Culture of food disposal and reuse will support increase transformation of the value for food waste and local skill acquisition, social welfare and livelihoods techniques. Local cuisine will be gained and restored as indigenous knowledge will address nutrition deficiencies and step up the production of medicinal properties using advance technology. Our vision on Lagos ‘MywasteMyfood’ will engage households, retirees and communities members with job opportunity, increase income, food security and safety.  Food trade will increase and the waste recycling will promote changes in the inclusive demand for food. There will be more investment and new opportunities for food choices. Lagos will have multiple crop yields and make food more affordable to people. This will enshrine industrial development, corporate responsibility and change actions of private industries and give value to food banking and saving. Our vision for regenerative and nourishing future food system in Lagos therefore will drive policy review  and design using context sensitive approach for health, waste and the food systems and making commitment to cooperate with  all food system partners for the future change in food waste policy development and regulatory framework. It will strengthened government to  shape policy for adequate food system, subsidy, adjust budget allocation, design new policy for food system and create the right environment and guidelines for equitable access to safe, nutritious food from generation to generation

 Unfortunately, Lagosian by 2050 will experience new challenges of scarcity of labour as everyone one will produce their own food. There will be difficulty in some people adapting to new technological changes and Lagosian will unaligned with risky attitudes and behaviors towards the food system. The initial capital cost of change will be huge and slow down some persons to accommodate. The media agencies will have more reports to cast and the relationship between food system researchers and practitioners will be stronger as more research output will enhance new discoveries on healthy and resilient Lagos. More old food system operators in the synthetic food world will lose their investment but will gain from the new opportunities on healthy living that will abound in the urban and rural Lagos. Peoples’ perception will change positively as  new trends in the Lagos food system and its disconnectedness, addressing our the future food system will create the right environment for equitable access to safe and nutritious food and contribute to a common understanding that will make a huge difference in the future of Lagos food security and nutrition, resilience livelihoods and sustainability natural resource. Urban and rural poverty will be eliminated as more food will be accessible, affordable, available and safe for consumption need. In 2050, we will Food will  see news caption as ‘ a hospital patience took Cucumber and Kale vegetables and was healed of his High Blood Pressure in Lagos’ or a Medical Doctor prescribed Tomatoes to cure cancer in Lagos and it worked’!

 

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Team (13)

Vide's profile
A's profile
A Adelopo

Role added on team:

"Dr. Adelopo, is honorary senior Research fellow and Senior Quality Control Officer. He will bring his wealth of experience on board to support food quality and safety issues in the food system activities of our group."

Omoluke's profile
Omoluke TUGBOBO

Role added on team:

"Luke represents Post graduate student association and food consumers.In collaboration with the bigger team will be engaged through data generation and advance skill acquisitions and practical on our food system activities for the future of Lagos"

Mayowa's profile
Mayowa Fasona

Role added on team:

"Dr Fasona is a National and international renowned, academician researcher and consultant on food system activities."

Dere's profile
Dere Ridwan

Role added on team:

"Ridwan represents student association and food consumers.In collaboration with the bigger team will be engaged in hands on training,learning, skill acquisitions and practical on our food system activities for the future of Lagos"

omowonuola3's profile

"Mr Ikusedun works with the Federal Institute of Industrial Research, a centre for Science and Technology based research and development and as a member, we hope to work together to develop simple innovative technologies that will meet the food system vision of the group."

Ifeoluwa's profile
Ifeoluwa Adesanya

Role added on team:

"He is the Executive Director of Felifort Food Enterprise and engages in food storage, distribution, transportation and trade in Lagos. His experience on food packaging and transportation is vital for the group."

Itohan's profile
Itohan Abara-Laserian

Role added on team:

"Mrs Abara-Laserian works with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) and represents the media and communication team. She and team will be work with other team members to communicate and publicize all activities both locally and internationally"

Dapo's profile
Dapo Olakulehin

Role added on team:

"He is one of the Director Generals in the Ministry of Agriculture Lagos State and will bring the States' view point on the food system activities to bear."

Ayodele's profile
Ayodele Fanida

Role added on team:

"Mr Farida represents the six Non Governmental Organization (NGO/CSO) members of our group and their role is to work in collaboration with the group for awareness creation and advocacy activities on the future of food system vision in Lagos state"

Anosike's profile
Anosike Eric

Role added on team:

"Mr Anosike is an organic urban farmer with lots of experiences in vertical and hydroponic garden"

Akintola's profile
Akintola Victor

Role added on team:

"Mr Akintola is a food scientist and works with Lagos State Waste Management Agencies (LAWMA). His role will be to oversee and coordinating food waste disposal, re-use, collection, composting and recycling activities in an efficient and environmentally-friendly manner."

Village Development 's profile

Attachments (1)

Food System Vision Presentation Vadedayo11.pptx

Dr Vide Adedayo's opening presentation

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Spam
Photo of Oluwafemi Abioye
Team

Dear Dr Vide Adedayo,

Developing deep interest in your project, good luck.

Oluwafemi Abioye 

Spam
Photo of Vide Adedayo
Team

Many thanks Oluwafemi for comment

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