Poultry for Nutrition and Poverty Aleviation.
Grow maize and soybeans in large quantities, feed them to poultry and supply meat and eggs to households at low cost.
Lead Applicant Organization Name
Lead Applicant Organization Type
Small company (under 50 employees)
If part of a multi-stakeholder entity (i.e. team), provide the names of other organizations and types of stakeholders collaborating with you.
We are not part of a multi-stakeholder entity but we collaborate with other small holder farmers in the district and the Volta Region as a whole.
We work with Flour Mills of Ghana Limited who supply feed for our poultry.
We work with the National Board for Small Scale Industries (NBSSI). They give us training on different topics including Entrepreneurial skills and value chain management.
We will work with them to provide training for our poultry farmer groups, maize farmers and other people in the poultry value chain.
How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?
Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?
Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?
Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?
The Volta Region of Ghana is home to over 2 million people. Our project is aimed initially at the region and later the rest of Ghana.
What country is your selected Place located in?
Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.
I come from Sovie in the Volta Region of Ghana. Having grown up here and experienced the poverty and lack of opportunity for the people, I have resolved to work hard to bring about interventions which will trigger policies that will enable my people get out of poverty.
Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.
The Volta Region of Ghana has a total population of 2,118,249 people (2010 Population census). Female make up 51.9% totalling 1,098,854 and Male make up 48% totalling 1,019395. The majority of people in the region are farmers with 93% crop farmers, 0.6% tree farmers, 39.2% livestock farmers and 0.2% fish farmers.
The agricultural sector is the largest source of income and employment and is dominated by smallholder farmers who grow both food and cash crops. Despite progress in poverty reduction, almost a quarter of Ghanaians still live below the poverty line.
The weather here is good with two rainy seasons in a year. This allows for growing maize twice a year. With changing rain patterns and global warming, the seasons have become less predictable, hence the need to adapt technology in farming practices in order to increase production and also reduce post harvest losses.
Our project area falls within six of the 25 districts with poverty and inequality above the regional value of 43.7. These districts are: North Tongu (46.0), Biakoye (45.0), Kpando Municipal (44.4), Jasikan (44.0) and Nkwanta North (44.1). Adaklu District (32.2), however, recorded the lowest inequality in the region.
Krachi East District (58,329) has the highest number of poor persons in the region, followed by Hohoe Municipal (51,976) and North Tongu District (45,899). Akatsi North District recorded the lowest number of poor persons (7,835).
The predominant language spoken is Ewe. The common food here are Fufu, Akple, Banku, Kenkey and Rice dishes. Apart from fufu and rice, the other kinds of food are made from maize, cassava or a combination of both.
There is a high rate of the youth of the area migrating to the cities in search of better opportunities as they do not see a good future living in the rural areas. The farming community is getting older as the youth tend to shun away from agriculture. With the youth migrating to the urban areas, there is the danger of the old and aged people left on their own in the rural areas.
What is the approximate size of your Place, in square kilometers? (New question, not required)
What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?
Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.
With an estimated annual population growth of 2.5% in Ghana, and the worsening weather conditions, a lot of interventions need to be put in place to avoid the current food insecurity, poverty and malnutrition getting worse. More of the youth will migrate to urban areas in search of better opportunities, the ageing farming community will continue to produce less and earn less income and therefore perpetuate poverty. Food will become too expensive for most families to afford a well balanced diet. The old people will not have enough care and good nutrition and subsequently the people will have a poor standard of living.
Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.
The problems we hope to solve are:
Food insecurity, poverty and malnutrition, gender inequality, and post-harvest losses. We realize that these problems are all inter-linked and need to be addressed together to bring about a lasting solution.
Malnutrition is a significant indirect cause of child mortality in Ghana, contributing to one-third of all childhood deaths. Although levels of malnutrition in Ghana have dropped over the years, 23% of children are stunted and 57% are anemic. (UNICEF in Ghana 2013)
People in rural communities are mainly crop farmers who lack a good market for their produce, so the farms remain small and inefficient and in turn, the people remain in poverty.
‘Chicken meat and eggs are the best source of quality protein, and are badly needed by the many millions of people who live in poverty. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and South Asia, malnutrition and under nutrition are closely associated with poverty. These conditions affect the immune system. (Poultry Development Review 2013).
The way that undernourishment is being addressed is for people to bring poultry products and eggs to the district and region through market forces. Currently, most of the poultry meat in Ghana is imported from other countries, especially from the European Union, making the people dependent on imports. Such long-term dependence effectively deprives Ghana of its control of food security on the one hand, and its food production as a source of national income on the other.
The unmet need in Ghana’s poultry sector is that 90% of poultry consumed in the country is largely imported. For Ghana to achieve long-term food security, this imbalance needs to be addressed urgently. Ideally, Ghana should produce large quantities of poultry meat and eggs locally to meet the growing domestic demand. The forecast is for Ghana to attain food security in the long-run, at least 50% of its domestic demand should be met by local production and this percentage should increase over the years.
The expected total market size for our produce is the Volta region of Ghana estimated to be over two million people. Poultry meat and eggs remain a good source of protein in many low-income families. With a population growth of 2.5% this number is likely to increase year on year.
Our proposed solution is to grow more poultry locally for meat and for eggs and to provide a distribution network that ensures that the product gets to the consumer at affordable price. We will grow poultry farms of 50,000 hens in each of the 5 districts and employ people along the total value chain.
We shall also prepare poultry feed locally. Poultry feed accounts for over 60% of the total cost of poultry production. If we can reduce the cost of feed, we will be able to grow bigger farms with the same amount of money and therefore, save on production costs. This saving can be passed onto the consumers in the form of lower prices for our produce.
High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.
We will also grow maize and soy beans locally for the preparation of poultry feed. Maize constitutes about 60% of poultry feed. When we grow corn locally, we can produce it at a reduced cost and so pass on the saving to those who buy the feed for their poultry. Growing maize and sourcing maize locally for poultry feed will also increase the revenue of the local farmers and in turn, increase their standard of living.
We will assess this by the amount of maize produced and bought by poultry producing activities.
We are currently working with the National Board for Small Scale Enterprises (NBSSI), a government organisation where we undergo training on different aspects of entrepreneurship. We will collaborate with them to provide training for the farmer organisations in the region and the youth so that we can work together to scale the project for better results.
For 50,000 hens on our farms, we will need 114 bags of 50 kg. feed a day. (based on an average consumption of 180-200 gm. of feed per adult hen). The cost of the feed is GHc 102.00 a bag. This amounts to GHc. 11,628.00 a day. In a year, we will need GHc. 4,244,220.00 worth of feed for each farm. 60 - 70% of the feed is made up of maize and soybeans so if this money is paid to the crop farmers, it will remain in the local economy and positively impact the lives of the people. More people including the youth will take to agriculture and stop the rural-urban migration.
We will also assess the positive impact that an increase in maize production is making in the lives of crop farmers and livestock farmers in the district and the region as a whole.
Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?
There will be employment for all people as the complete food value chain will be localized. Maize and soybeans will be grown locally in large quantities for human use and for poultry production.
The youth in rural communities will see agriculture as a profitable business and embrace farming. There will be no rural - urban migration as is currently taking place.
There will be food security because we will employ technology and good practice in food production. Solar power will light up all our farms and reduce any negative impact on the environment.
There will be no post harvest losses as we will source high yielding varieties for our farms and we will employ technology and good practice in the storage of our produce.
There will be no more Poverty. Wealth will remain with the rural communities.
Malnutrition and under nutrition will be completely eliminated as there will be eggs and poultry meat available to all households at affordable price.
The living standard of all people will be raised as farmers will have ready market and a fair wage for their produce.
We will produce and consume food locally and prevent environmental pollution caused by bad farming practices and transporting food over long distances.
Government policies will be influenced and Ghana will not need to import poultry again. Our surplus food products will be exported to our neighboring countries.
How did you hear about the Food System Vision Prize?