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Forest products innovations

Food Safety and Standards, Processing & Production, Entrepreneurship and Biodiversity.

Photo of bertin IKOUMBOU IKOUMBOU
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Written by

Lead Applicant Organization Name

BIO Natura GABON

Lead Applicant Organization Type

  • Farmer Co-op or Farmer Business Organization

If part of a multi-stakeholder entity (i.e. team), provide the names of other organizations and types of stakeholders collaborating with you.

Association Gabon Initiatives Jeunesse Gabonese Network of Non-State Actors for Community Development in Rural Areas (REGANE) , BOUSS DISTRIBUTION

Website of Legally Registered Entity

https://www.globalinnovationexchange.org/innovation/forest-products-innovations

How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?

  • 1-3 years

Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?

Libreville and district of Mourindi

Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?

Gabon

Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?

Libreville 189 km2 and Mourindi 10 km2 or a total of 199 km2

What country is your selected Place located in?

Gabon

Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.

Mourindi is where forest products are harvested and processed and Libreville is where they are marketed.

Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.

Gabon covers an area of 267,667km2.

. The Gabonese population, 1,500,000

inhabitants has two characteristics: the weight of the young population on the one hand, and

on the other hand, a rapid and high rate of urbanization (73%) in which Libreville and its

The periphery accounts for 48% of total settlement (PRSP, 2003)1

. Furthermore, this

The population consists of 50.7% women and 49.3% men.

Gabon is a forest country. Dense forest covers nearly 85% of the country's surface area.

country, or about 21.1 million hectares. The permanent forest estate is 13.3

million hectares, including 10.6 million hectares of natural forest of

production, 2.70 million hectares of protection forest and 25,000 hectares of plantations.

(ITTO, 2006). Apart from the dense forest, the rest of the country is composed of mosaics of

forests/savannas, swamp formations and mangroves.

In terms of biodiversity, Gabon has two important biomes: "one biome

aquatic (brackish marine and freshwater) and a terrestrial biome (forest, savannah and

swamps). The terrestrial biome contains approximately 8,000 plant species, 150 species

mammals and more than 600 species of birds and several reptiles

In Central Africa, Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) are plants that are

edible plants, rattan, medicinal plants and game (FAO, 2001). Thus, the

Gabon of many NTFPs. Despite the difficulties in quantifying them (particularly the

NTFPs of animal origin (including game), NTFPs are found in 58 botanical families

including 41 families for food plants, 29 for medicinal plants and 15 for

NTFPs for technical use.

Socio-economically, the forest sector is the second largest source of revenue.

and the second largest provider of jobs after the state with nearly

28,000 jobs, or 28% of the working population. However, its contribution to the

GDP formation was only 2.5% and is currently around 4%. However,

this contribution of the forest sector to the national economy does not officially include

goods and services provided by NTFPs. However, NTFPs are a great asset and

are the lifeblood of the forest populations, who derive most of their income from it.

survival and thus contribute to the fight against poverty. Also, if their exploitation and

If the management were organized, the national economy (the State) would also benefit.

What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?

2500000

Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.

Our vision of adding value to the forest products of the Congo Basin to combat hunger, malnutrition and non-communicable diseases will have positive repercussions in the following sectors:

On the environmental level, our action will push industrialists to plant new entire forests made up of the most prized species to not only increase the availability of products but also to settle down the production of forest products.

On the economic level, several processing units will be created and economic growth will increase in the region.

In terms of diet, the population will have access to healthy organic foods rich in carbohydrates (sugars and starch) and proteins. In terms of diet the population will have healthy organic foods rich in carbohydrates (sugars and starch), proteins, lipids (fats), vitamins, minerals, dietary fibre and water.

Culturally, the people of Central Africa used to live by hunting and gathering but their diet has been completely changed by industrial progress. Returning to a diet based on the consumption of forest products will be not only a source of pride but also a way of promoting our cultural identity.

From a technological point of view our vision will allow a boom in technological innovation because of the variety of species and their virtues.


Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.

In the African context, the standardization and certification of forest products is an innovation because these products are 99% of the time consumed in their raw state either as food or as medicines, we seek to transform them to secure populations in terms of dosage, quality and packaging to allow the greatest number to consume them. As far as food products are concerned, we want to adapt African cooking methods with industrial manufacturing to preserve African flavours and originality. We intend to manufacture 100/100 organic products by identifying the active ingredients of each product to manufacture food supplements to reduce the occurrence of non-communicable diseases. Rich in vitamin A and trace elements, it is also a powerful antioxidant that acts effectively on fats. But what do we really know about African mango? This would not be without danger, so caution is required. Fork & Bikini tells us more. Extracted from a fruit tree called "Irvingia Gabonensis", the African mango is a fruit rich in vitamins, especially from the B group, and in fibre. In addition to its powerful antioxidant properties, it protects against cardiovascular disease and is an excellent fat burner. Its high fibre content helps to stabilize blood sugar levels and lower bad cholesterol levels. How do these capsules work? The seeds contained in the mango core are rich in fibre, which stimulates the digestive system and promotes the elimination of toxins.

To enable the populations producing irvinga gabonesis to benefit from the higher value and obtain product certification, it is more than imperative that an organization like ours should have significant financial means to achieve standardization and standardization.


High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.

Today the Gabonese populations live in an indescribable misery linked to the fall of the price of the barrel of oil and political crises due to badly organized elections, these populations have enormous difficulties to feed themselves correctly, our project will make it possible to fill the vacuum left by the agriculture on burns which destroys millions of hectares of forest and pollutes nature.

Because setting up an intelligent collection system and large-scale processing of products will not only increase the food supply and lower prices but will also create wealth and create thousands of jobs along the value chain.

We believe that by organizing the food system around the products of biodiversity will push industrialists and populations to become more involved in the reforestation and sustainable management of forests through an intelligent system of product collection, replanting the most useful species for food and medicine in order to domesticate them and make them available for mass consumption, which will sequester a lot of CO2 to avoid the destruction of the ozone layer

In the current context, the fruits of irvinga gabonesis are processed locally in an artisanal way which limits their consumption to local populations who know their use, but unfortunately certain industrial groups already transform this product without the knowledge of the populations and these manufacturers do not pay no royalty to the state,


Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?

The case of the irvinga Gabonesis is truly a revelation of a plant with multiple uses.

In the current context, the fruits of irvinga gabonesis are processed locally in an artisanal way which limits their consumption to local populations who know their use, but unfortunately certain industrial groups already transform this product without the knowledge of the populations and these manufacturers do not pay no royalty to the state,

  to enable the populations producing irvinga gabonesis to benefit from the higher value and obtain product certification, it is more than imperative that an organization like ours should have significant financial means to achieve standardization and standardization.

this will make it possible to market the product on a larger scale in order to create many jobs and set up a real value chain

The wild mango tree is very long and can reach a height of 50 meters.

and 2 and a half meters in diameter. Its bark is grey in colour. There are two

varieties of wild mangoes, one "sweet" (I. gabonensis) and the other having a

bitter "pulpit" (I.wombolu). These two species have a germination rate of

80%.

Production area

I. gabonensis is found throughout the humid forest zone of Gabon.

Nutritional value per 100g of dry matter

Energy, macro-nutrient, calcium and iron intake of the andok and its

main substitute (data per 100g of the edible part)

Calories (Kcal) 706

Protein (g) 8

Fat (g) 73

Carbohydrates (g) 17

Calcium (mg) 133

Iron (mg) 4

The weight

The fruit of I. gabonensis weighs about 200g.

Harvest

Gabonensis bears fruit from June to August.

fruit, it is first necessary to identify the trees that have produced and then clean up the

around the tree where the fruit will fall when ripe. The

harvesting labour is family labour (women and children). The harvest of

fruit is only picked and the fruit is collected either in a container or in a

bags, either in baskets and carried to the village. These fruits are kept

a few days for the flesh to rot in order to facilitate "crushing".

Processing

Depending on the needs, wild mango fruits go through 4 main stages

transformative

Obtaining the almonds

There are two possibilities: i. let the flesh rot before breaking the fruit with

a hammer, sledgehammer or stone; or split the fruit again

green with the machete or other sharp instruments. These works are

in most cases carried out in the forest. For consumption at

the "certain ethnic groups, these almonds are peeled a

after having been soaked in water or not, the almonds keep their integument (kind of

of envelope that covers the almonds).

Drying

The almonds (with or without skin) are dried "in the sun" or "on the spot".

smoke".

Paste

It comes from very dry almonds. For this purpose, the almonds are roasted with

a little red oil bleached and then crushed. We thus obtain a coloured paste

chocolate which will then be placed in a mould (plates, buckets, a box of

can...). These moulds are exposed to the sun or fire to solidify.

Powder

Wild mango powder is not yet popular in the markets.

However, in some southern regions, there are Initiative Groups

Common (GIC) who are trying to do it. It is easy to obtain, you just have to "grate" it.

the dough. This powder is used to make wild mango sauce.

Medicinal value

The bark of the fruit tree of the wild mango is used in pharmacopoeia.

traditional in the treatment of hernia, diarrhea and yellow fever. It is

also used as a healing, anti-poisoning and dental pain reliever.

Conservation

When they are dried, the almonds are put in baskets (often in

rotundas). These baskets must be kept away from moisture. Almonds well

may last for more than a year.

The dough is stored in the open air or in the freezer and can be

stored for more than two years.

Marketing

On the local market, the andok is more commercialized in the rural area.

 as well as in big cities like Libreville and Port -Gentil.

Equatorial) and international (France and Belgium).

It is sold in 4 forms: fruit, skinless (or beltless) almonds,

almonds with skin (or with belt), in paste (processed). The fruits are only

not very much in demand on the market, it is his almonds which are prized by the

consumers. Almonds with "belts" (tegument) are very much in demand.

in Nigeria and in the English-speaking part of Cameroon (south-west and north-west). The

beltless" almonds are much preferred by consumers in

the Central, Littoral and Eastern provinces as well as in France and Belgium, without

forget the countries of the sub-region such as Gabon and Equatorial Guinea.

Preparation, recipes, complements

It can be used as an ingredient or as a sauce. As an ingredient

wild mango powder is added in other sauces (tomato, peanut...)

to give it the gooey effect and taste. In most cases, the powder of the

mango is used as a base for the sauce. The mango sauce is served with

mainly corn dough or cassava dough. It can accompany

other products such as rice, tubers and roots. As in all

sauces, njansang and green condiments (celery, parsley, and basil) as well as

garlic and onion are still present. Wild mangoes have no substitute for

its taste and smell

The price

It varies according to the seasons of the year and demand. In some markets

especially the Mourindi market, some traders want to sell their products.


How did you hear about the Food System Vision Prize?

  • GlobalinnovationExchange

1 comment

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Photo of Itika Gupta
Team

Hi bertin IKOUMBOU IKOUMBOU  Great to see you joining the Prize!

We noticed your submission is currently unpublished. Was this your intention? We'd love to have your submission included in the Prize. Even if you've not started populating your Vision just yet, by publishing your submission you can make it public for other teams in your region to see, get in touch and possibly even collaborate with you.

You can publish it by hitting the "Publish" button at the top of your post. You can also update your Vision at any time before 31 January 2020 by clicking on the "Edit Contribution" on top. If you need inspiration or guidance, take a look at the Food Vision Prize Toolkit.
Here is the link to the Prize Toolkit: http://bit.ly/2X4ZxQk

Look forward to seeing your Vision evolve through the coming weeks.