Eradicating post-harvest losses in cereals and legumes through the provision of low capacity drying systems for smallholder farmers
Designing drying systems to help farmers preserve food.
Lead Applicant Organization Name
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
Lead Applicant Organization Type
How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?
Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?
Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?
Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?
What country is your selected Place located in?
Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.
The main agro-ecological zone in Ghana in the production of cereals and legumes is the Bono region. Yet, the lack of necessary systems for storage and processing is becoming an issue as far as food security is concerned. I believe if we can eradicate post-harvest losses in this region, we can feed more people in years to come. Bono Region is one of the regions in my home country.
Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.
Bono Region is one of the 16 administrative regions of Ghana. It is as a result of the remainder Brong-Ahafo Region when Bono East Region and Ahafo Region were created. Its capital is Sunyani. The Bono Region is located in south Ghana. The Bono East Region is bordered on the north by the Northern region, on the west by the Bono Region, on the south by the Ashanti region and on the east by the Volta Lake.
The capital of Bono Region is Sunyani. Bono Region was created on December 27, 2018, There was a referendum on the creation of six new regions and Bono was proposed and approved. Bono is known for its large cocoa production and agriculture agribusiness industries.
Bono contains many Akan cultural and wildlife attractions, but it is less known to tourists than the Ashanti or Central region. Attractions of Bono include Kintampo, with its waterfalls (Kintampo waterfalls) and nature reserves; Fiema, one of the communities which is home to the Boabeng-Fiema Monkey Sanctuary (a short distance outside Sunyani); national parks, Bui National Park and Digya National Park.
The Bono East Region is part of the vegetative belt of Ghana and enjoy a climate that is not harsh. The vegetation consists predominantly of forest and fertile soils. Between December and April is the dry season. The wet season is between about July and November with an average annual rainfall of 750 to 1050 mm (30 to 40 inches).
The highest temperatures are reached at the end of the dry season, the lowest in December and January. However, the hot Harmattan wind from the Sahara blows frequently between December and the beginning of February. The temperatures can vary between 14 °C (59 °F) at night and 40 °C (104 °F) during the day.
The main dishes of the Brong Ahafo Region include fufu with “Nkotomire” soup, plantain and cocoyam “Ampesi”. Beverages include “Akpeteshie” and Palm wine.
The Bono East Region has a low population density, and, along with the official language of English, most inhabitants speak the Bono language.
Christianity and Islam form the dominant religions of the Bono region.
Expectations for accelerated development by the chiefs and people of the Bono East enclave of the Brong Ahafo Region are very high after they have voted massively to endorse the proposal for the creation of a region for them during the referendum on December 27, 2018.
For them, the creation of the Bono East Region was necessary since even though the area constituted almost half of the entire population of the Brong Ahafo Region, it lacked the resources as compared to other areas of the region.
On agriculture, Bono East area was noted for the cultivation of maize, cashew, mango, tomato, cowpea, pepper, garden eggs and yam among other food and cash crops.
Their expectation is that measures would be put in place for the development of these crops while factories should be established for the processing of the produce.
The Bono Region of Ghana contains 11 districts.
What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?
Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.
Bono, as said earlier, is one of the major cereals and legumes producing regions in Ghana. And most of these crops have become staple crops across the country. Nevertheless, most of these smallholders farmers lack the necessary technologies and knowledge on how to preserve these important crops. hence, they incur post-harvest losses whereby threatening food security for future generations to come.
Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.
Drying is the most efficient and cost-effective ways of preserving cereals and legumes for longer periods. If these crops are harvested and preserved properly with this method, there will be less or no losses to incur. Drying systems (different varieties) are to be designed to aid these smallholder farmers store and preserve their produces for a longer period. Thereby, eradicating post-harvest losses in the long run.
Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?
With the drying systems, in respect to the environment, they will be no open under-sun drying methods anymore. Animals won't have access to feed on these crops again. The end products of these cereals and legumes range from baby foods to adult consumptions. Since cereals and legumes will be abundant in the system, most of them can be processed into healthy foods for the people in the community and the entire Africa. These dryers are cost-effective, the average smallholder farmer can afford and benefit from it significantly. It will also enrich the economy of the region and the country at large since most of the produces will be processed and place in the market. The culture of the people which makes them use the natural method of drying will not be altered since it is posing a lot of threat to food security. Also, there will be a policy for the system to be adapted where it matters in order to increase yield and productivity.
How did you hear about the Food System Vision Prize?