Reducing poverty while improving environment sustainability
Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.
The Agro-meteorology and environment program of the National Agricultural Research Organisation that i lead already has a technology dissemination village located in the cattle corridor and have already developed partnerships in this community
Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.
Uganda’s cattle corridor stradles the center of the country from southwestern to northeastern corners inhabited by agro-pastoralists. Maize, ground nuts, sweet potatoes, cassava, citrus fruits, mangoes and avocado are major crops grown on small areas of cultivated land. Livestock production is the dominant livelihood activity. Fishing is also carried out in the inland fresh water lakes which support fishing communities. The area has many semi-arid characteristics; including high rainfall variability; periodic late onset rains/droughts. The area is mainly flat with undulating terrain in some areas and soils exhibit highest degradation rates. The society is comprised of cattle grazers interspersed with crop growers. Tribes mainly include Bantu and nile-hamites . Cultural traditions are that decision makers are Men controlling all family and use of communal resources. The people hope to get out of poverty and increase their incomes. Some of the pastoral communities that depend predominantly on milk diets have obesity issues while communities that predominantly have crop based diets exhibit under nutrition and malnutrition issues
Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.
These challenges manifest in all the processes and infrastructure involved in feeding this community. The soils in this community exhibit the highest degradation rates in the country, the weather is highly variable, malnutrition and under nutrition are among the highest in the country. Food processing and packaging are still at infancy stages. Transport systems are predominantly seasonal roads. There are no defined market structures for food and consumption patterns are predominantly traditional (from garden to plate of their preferred traditional foods). Food waste and spoilage due to poor post harvest handling is still the order of the day. Input dealers are non-existent and the few that exist are unregulated affecting the volume and quality of inputs.
Future challenges 2050 include increased salaries for workers,
Improved return on assets to entrepreneurs and asset owners,Improved tax revenues to government, increased benefits to consumers attainment of positive impacts on socio-cultural and natural environments and positive impacts on food and nutrition.
Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.
The vision for this research focuses on the following to address the challenges: Enhancing capacity on systematic collection of data that covers various areas of the entire food systems, Increasing capacity for better compilation and comparison of data originating from different sectors to assess the performance of the food system and to inform decision making. Supporting the design and analyse policies that aim to tackle the structural causes of system under performance and generate behavioral change by focusing on technical, organisation and economic support to address gaps amongst food system actors for balanced relationships. Supporting active policy coordination across multiple sectors and public actors and increase capacity of government bodies to work with business and non-state organizations. Support for an adaptive process of system changes given by market led approaches aligned with national strategies and combined with policy innovations in an inclusive manner while engaging firms, farms, consumers, government, civil society and marginalized groups. increasing the capacity for multi-stake holder initiatives, gathering stakeholders across sectoral disciplinary boundaries and strengthening collaboration on governance issues in the food systems. creating partnerships with other organizations to learn, adapt and synergize different approaches towards common food system objectives and set up local systems for knowledge generation and dissemination.Establishment of sustainable pathways linking core actors with local and regional knowledge providers (extension services, research institutes, laboratories, knowledge networks). Establishing international networks of system tinkers and leaders from a wide range of sectors and backgrounds to facilitate an exchange of knowledge and other technical expertise to countries. Enhancing capacity for assessing and understanding risk more systematically (economic, societal and environmental) and developing integrated solutions for risk prevention and mitigation
High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.
People will have better ecosystem services, high incomes and reduced poverty levels. The environment will be improved and sustained while their social dimensions and diets will also improve.
Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?
A section of the cattle corridor of Uganda showing the vegetation soil degradation and residential and cultivated areas
This research will adopt an approach to encourage development practitioners and policymakers to work together and help facilitate multi-stakeholder collaboration and policy coordination at different levels to promote a more balanced relationship and jointly address the afore mentioned challenges. There will clearly be trade-offs to be made between key priorities of the food systems such as inclusive poverty reduction, increased agricultural productivity, improved nutrition, and enhanced environmental sustainability. There will also be opportunities to simultaneously accomplish multiple objectives. The advantage is that synergies will be identified and coordination to achieve them will be facilitated. These processes will be community led with the research disciplines providing only guidance and knowledge resources. The communities will gain experience and the transformative potential will be from farmer to farmer .