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Elimination food waste could effectively increase food /agric production

Improvement of food system by elimination of food wastes In Maiduguri, Borno State

Photo of Aishat Shuaibu
3 1

Written by

Lead Applicant Organization Name


Lead Applicant Organization Type

  • Government (City, State, National, etc.)

If part of a multi-stakeholder entity (i.e. team), provide the names of other organizations and types of stakeholders collaborating with you.

Envirosoft organo avied (Nigeria) company

How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?

  • Just beginning now

Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?


Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?


Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?


What country is your selected Place located in?


Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.

I'm  citizen of the place 

Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.

Maiduguri /maɪˈduːɡʊri/ is the capital and

the largest city of Borno State in north-

eastern Nigeria. The city sits along the

seasonal Ngadda River which disappears into

the Firki swamps in the areas around Lake

Chad . [2] Maiduguri was founded in 1907 as a

military outpost by the British and has since

grown rapidly with a population exceeding a

million by 2007.The region was home to the Kanem-Bornu
Empire for centuries. Maiduguri actually
consists of two cities: Yerwa to the West and
Old Maiduguri to the east.
Yerwa was founded in 1907 by Abubakar
Garbai of Borno as the capital of the Bornu
Kingdom. [3] The location had before that
been a small village known as Kalwa. This
involved the transfer of the capital of the
Kanuri people from Kukawa .
Old Maiduguri was selected by the British as
their military headquarters in 1908 replacing
Mafoni . [2] In that same year it became the
location for the British resident commissioner
over British Bornu.
In 1957 Yerwa became the designated name
for the urban center while Maiduguri was
officially applied as the name of the
surrounding rural area.
In 1964 the railway was extended here which
lead to its rise as a major commercial center
in the region.
The city was once known as a "hub of Islamic
scholarship in West Africa that ... [taught]
tolerance and hospitality like its welcoming
neem trees." [4]
Maiduguri is one of the sixteen LGAs that
constitute the Borno Emirate , a traditional
state located in Borno State, Nigeria.

What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?


Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.

The depletion of renewable

resources, reduction in land for

cultivation, continuous growth of

the world population and the

over accumulation of waste are

factors that justify the utilization

of waste and byproducts in the

food sector. Despite the wide

potential of byproducts as

materials for the formulation of

foods, some may present low

digestibility absorption due to the

presence of anti-nutritional

compounds such as tannins,

cyanogenic glycosides, oxalates,

and trypsin inhibitory substances

(Arogba, 1997 ). This highlights

the need to develop novel

processes to reduce these

nutritional factors from food


The experience of Europe shows

that although there is legislation

aimed at the use of waste in the

production of biofuels, many of

the small merchants do not fulfill

with the norms and dispose of

the wastes in the environmentProper use of food waste and
byproducts as raw materials or
food additives, could generate
economic gains for the industry,
contribute to reducing nutritional
problems, would produce
beneficial health effects and
would reduce the environmental
implications that generate
mismanagement of waste.
Presently, the industries are
interested in innovations so as to
obtain zero waste, where the
waste generated is used as raw
material for new products and

Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.

Eliminating the millions of tonnes of

food thrown away annually in the US

and UK could lift more than a billion

people out of hunger worldwide, experts


Government officials, food experts and

representatives of the retail trade

brought together by the Food Ethics

Council argue that excessive

consumption of food in rich countries

inflates food prices in the developing

world. Buying food, which is then often

wasted, reduces overall supply and

pushes up the price of food, making

grain less affordable for poor and

undernourished people in other parts of

the world. Food waste also costs UK

consumers £10.2bn a year and when

production, transportation and 

High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.

Food production and processing

in developing countries generate

high levels of waste and

byproducts, causing a negative

environmental impact and

significant expenses. However,

these biomaterials have ample

potential for generating food

additives which in turn will

minimize malnutrition and

hunger in the developing

countries where it is produced.

Many of these biomaterials are a

source of valuable compounds

such as proteins, lipids, starch,

micronutrients, bioactive

compounds, and dietary fibers.

Additionally, antinutritional

factors present in some

byproducts can be minimized

through biotechnological

processes for use as a food

additive or in the formulation of

balanced foods. In this context,

the use of these biomaterials is a

challenge and provides great

opportunity to improve food

security. The purpose of this

review is to project the potential

of food waste and byproducts as

a sustainable alternative to

reduce malnutrition and hunger

in developing countries.

Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?

Agricultural production and agro-

industrial processing generate a

high amount of byproducts and

waste. Fruit byproducts such as

bagasse, peels, trimmings, stems,

shells, bran, and seeds account

for more than 50% of fresh fruit

and have at times a nutritional or

functional content higher than

the final product (Ayala et al.,

2011 ). Fruit and food waste is

also generated by damage during

transportation, storage, and

processing. The growing

popularity of fruit juices, nectars,

frozen and minimally processed

products has also increased the

production of byproducts and

wastes in recent years.

Byproducts and waste generation

are having an impact on

environmental, economic, and

social sectors. To the


How did you hear about the Food System Vision Prize?

  • Prize partners


Join the conversation:

Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)

Hello Aishat Shuaibu,
There is only six (6) remaining to submit the work (31st January, 2020). Try and refine your work to look neat and also have a look at the Food System Vision Prize Submission Pocket guide in the following web page: It will help you refine your work.
Best regards,
Mohammed Hassan.

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