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Decision Support System for Climate Smart Farmer

This system will provide the farmer to choose his farming system according to his own resource availability, natural ecosystems and need.

Photo of Nataraja Subash
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Written by

Lead Applicant Organization Name

ICAR Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research

Lead Applicant Organization Type

  • Government

If part of a multi-stakeholder entity (i.e. team), provide the names of other organizations and types of stakeholders collaborating with you.

ICAR-Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research and other ICAR Institutions/ SAUs

Website of Legally Registered Entity

How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?

  • 3-10 years

Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?

Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India

Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?


Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?

Meerut and Uttar Pradesh

What country is your selected Place located in?


Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.

Official work place

Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.

Uttar Pradesh is situated in northern India. Agriculture is called the backbone of economy of Uttar Pradesh. . It covers 243290 Km2. This is most populous state of India. It accounts for 6.88 percent of total area of the country. The population of the state was about 200 million as per census of 2011, which accounted for 16.5 percent of the total population of India. Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of sugarcane and wheat, and the second largest producer of rice in India. The agriculture sector continues to predominate and contributes a large share of the state output. Agriculture is main source of livelihood to majority of the population of U.P. The total reporting area of the state was 241.70 Lakh hectares of which 68.54 percent under cultivation in 2012-13. Of the total reporting area of 241.70 Lakh hectares, land put to non-agricultural use accounted for maximum share, being 11.27 percent followed by 6.86 percent, 4.97 percent, 2.22 percent and 1.98 percent, of forest, current fallow, barren & un-culture land and barren and un-culturable land respectively in 2012-13. The percentage of net area sown to reporting area in Uttar Pradesh has been decreasing continuously due to fast expansion of industrialization and urbanization in the state. The rice, wheat, bajra, barley and maize are important cereal crops in the state. Out of total GCA, 258.22 lakh hectares during 2012-13 in U.P. wheat accounted for highest share being 37.90 percent followed by 22.83 percent, 3.57 percent, 2.68 percent, 0.69 percent and 0.64 percent of rice, bajra, maize, jowar and barley respectively. Among the pulses gram, urd, arhar and moong are major pulses in U.P. Out of total GCA of 258.22 Lakh hectares during 2012-13 in U.P. gram had occupied maximum share being 2.38 percent followed by 2.11 percent, 1.30 percent and 0.32 percent of urd, arhar and moong respectively. Mustard / lahi, groundnut, til, sunflower, soyabean are important oilseed crops of the state. Of the GCA mustard had occupied maximum share being 3.05 percent followed by 0.34 percent and 1.63 percent of groundnut and otheroilseeds respectively during the same period. The cropping intensity was 155.89 percent during 2012-13. Paddy, wheat, bajra and barley are main cereal crops of the state. Mustard, linseed, sesame and groundnut are main oilseed crops. Gram, pea, masoor and arhar are the major pulses of the state. Of the total GCA of 258.22 Lakh hectares, cereals accounted for 68.66 percent followed by 7.39 percent pulses and 6.81 percent oilseeds respectively during 2012-13. Out of the total farming community, 90 per cent comes under small and marginal category with agriculture is the main source of income and depends on agriculture for their livelihood security and nutritional requirement.

What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?


Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.

Existing farming systems of the region consist of crop + livestock based system which results in redundancy of cereals in the diet. Though the region is popular for productivity of milk, the enterprise is facing severe problem of low animal fertility and hence putting a challenge for the farmers engaged in livestock production. Further, non-cultivation of pulses due to varied reasons, including menace of wild animals is resulting in slow disappearance of dal from the daily diet. Lack of quality planting materials of fruit crops is also resulting in low production of fruits which ultimately affects availability of nutritional element in the diet. Lack of awareness about the latest technologies is also aggravating the problem. Dissemination of appropriate technologies targeted to small and marginal stakeholders is the need of the hour to overcome the problem of nutritional deficiency through diversification and adoption of climate resilient farming system approach. Due to climate change, irregular raining pattern, drought and rising temperature is severely affecting the agricultural production, which calls for designing of technological interventions based on agro-ecological and socio-economic conditions. It is imperative to develop strategies and agricultural technologies that enable adequate employment and income generation, especially for small and marginal farmers who constitute more than 86 per cent of the farming community. The integrated farming system approach is considered to be the most powerful tool for enhancing profitability of farming systems. These integrated farming systems required to be planned, designed, implemented and analyzed for increasing productivity and profitability. These systems also need to be socially acceptable, economically viable and eco-friendly. Integration of enterprises lead to greater dividends than single enterprise based farming, especially for small and marginal farmers. It also leads to improvement in nutritional quality of daily diet of farmers. Hence in this direction, this project is proposed for ensuring enhancement of farmer’s income through Integrated Farming Systems in Meerut district of Western Uttar Pradesh with the objectives of farming systems diversification through farming systems approach for increasing the farm productivity and profitability. The objectives include, To identify existing farming systems and its constraints through household survey, To identify best farming system for under different scenario through farming system modeling and stakeholder interaction and develop DSS at pilot level and its testing and final verification and upscaling to state level.

Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.

The proposed Decision support system will act as a simple tool for any farmer or stakeholder to use for selection of farming system components for getting maximum productivity, according to his resource availability and ecosystem conditions. This will enable him to produce more, so that he can use some of the enterprises for his own daily purposes and remaining items he can sell to get income to support livelihood and nutritional security of family.

High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.

If the system adopts the farming community, they can produce output in a sustainable manner without degrading the natural resource base.

Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?

The proposed decision support system is a tool to support a farmer to become a climate smart farmer and act as an advisor to protect him from extreme events and climatic variability.

How did you hear about the Food System Vision Prize?

  • Facebook


Join the conversation:

Photo of Nicole Civita

Hi Nataraja Subash. Greetings from another team working on a Vision for India -- ours is focused on the Umarkhed region.

We were pleased to review your vision. We are struck buy the statement the “integrated farming system approach is considered to be the most powerful tool for enhancing profitability of the farming system.” And we'd love to know more about the decision support tool you propose & how it will alter the future for the people of Meerut, Uttar Pradesh.

I’m curious, are you envisioning this as a central organization that will provide support to farmers after the “best farming systems” have been identified? If so, I’m wondering whether or not you’re familiar with the Rodale Institute’s work and its regional resource centers - it seems like this could be a valuable source of information/ideas for you!

Feel free to take a look at our rapidly evolving vision -- Maati-Paani-Asha: Regeneration of Hope, Health, Land & Community in the Face of Extreme Poverty & Climate Crisis -- We'd love to get your feedback.

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