Increasing the high level of medicine in drough prone areas by cultivating Moringa and Baobab.
Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.
Borno,also called Yerwa or Yerwa-Maiduguri, capital and largest city of Borno state, Modern Maiduguri actually comprises the twin towns of Yerwa and Maiduguri. In 1907 Yerwa was founded on the site of the hamlet of Kalwa and was named by Shehu (“Sheikh” or “Sultan”) Bukar Garbai as the new traditional capital of the Kanuri peoplearrival of the railway in 1964.Conquered by Rabih in 1893, Bornowas invaded by the British, French and Germans at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1902, the British officially incorporated Borno into the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and established a new capital at Maiduguri or Yerwa in 1907, which remains the capital to this day.
Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.
The major challenge is Climate. With climate change, increase in temperature and decrease in relative humidity, rainy days and rainfall amounts will be experienced. The implication is that the climatic conditions will become marginal or even fall short of the optimum crops’ climatic requirements. This will translate to substantial increase in poverty, hunger, and general food security challenges as a consequence of decrease in all agricultural production systems in response to the climate change. This scenario will impact more in the developing countries. As a means of adaptation, farmers will have to adjust their choice of crops produced to suit the prevailing climatic conditions if the trend of climate continues. On the other hand, while climate change is impacting negatively on crops production in Nigeria, studies have shown that the industrialized countries which are currently the major polluter of the atmosphere are going to experience extended growing season, and more yield in most of their cereal crops, while the melting ice means more arable land and water for irrigation but exposing the developing countries to more risks of malnutrition.
Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.
Possible remediation measures are as follows:
(1) Extension service should be strengthened Through organizing adult education programmes for farmers to expose them to climate change coping strategies.
(2)Programmes and policies should be put in place to attract young people into farming, especially young school leavers and young graduates. This is achievable through strengthening institutions, policies and that promote agricultural and food security measure.
(3) Affordable climate change adaptation technologies should be appropriated and developed and made available for resource poor farmers to adopt.
High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.
Agricultural development is one of the most powerful tools to end extreme poverty, boost shared prosperity and feed a projected 9.7 billion people by 2050 . Growth in the agriculture sector is two to four times more effective in raising incomes among the poorest compared to other sectors. 2016 analyses found that 65% of poor working adults made a living through agriculture
Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?
Moringa is rich in nutrition owing to the presence of a variety of essential phytochemi- cals present in its leaves, pods and seeds. In fact, moringa is said to provide 7 times more vitamin C than oranges, 10 times more vitamin A than carrots, 17 times more calcium than milk, 9 times more protein than yoghurt, 15 times more potassium than bananas and 25 times more iron than spinac