climate change adaptation and mitigation among pastoralist
Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.
Monduli District is one of the six districts of the Arusha Region of Tanzania. It is located in the northeastern section of the country. It is bordered to the north by Kenya, to the east by the Kilimanjaro Region and Arumeru District, to the south by the Manyara Region and to the west by Ngorongoro District and Karatu District. The town of Monduli is the administrative seat of the district. According to the 2002 Tanzania National Census, the population of the Monduli District was 185,237
Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.
Livestock production plays an important socioeconomic role in many areas across Monduli arusha. In the monduli arusha it accounts for as much as nine-tenths of employment and family income. But extensive livestock systems and pastoralist households in Monduli arusha are particularly vulnerable to the effects of drought. Estimated losses to livestock populations from droughts that have occurred within the most recent decade. Ancillary losses related to production assets and future income, and the costs of ex-post response measures are likely several times that figure. The increased incidence of droughts across the Monduli in recent years means that affected communities have less time to recover and rebuild their assets. This limited recovery has weakened households traditional coping mechanisms and handicapped their resilience to future shocks.
Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.
In Arusha Tanzania, livestock is crucial for the livelihoods of more than 80 percent of poor households. In addition, as a result of a growing population, increasing income and urbanisation, demand for livestock products is rising steadily across the region.This might seem like a good combination—those with rising purchasing power can buy more livestock products, thereby helping to increase the incomes of poor livestock keepers. Throw the climate crisis into the mix, however, and the situation turns sour. Climate change has a negative impact on livestock production. Rising temperatures and lower annual rainfall reduce livestock productivity and inhibit the growth of fodder crops. Soil degradation and water scarcity led to declines in food for animals. Land-use conflicts are increasing, threatening food security and gradually eroding livestock farmers’ livelihoods. On the other hand, livestock production is not only affected by the impact of climate change, but it also contributes to it. For example, in the Arusha region, the agricultural sector is the largest source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The largest part often comes from livestock production, such as emissions released during the digestive process of ruminants, from storage and application of manure, and in fodder production. We show willingness to implement measures for reducing livestock sector emissions; however, emissions data is not yet available for accurately determining the mitigation potential of climate-smart livestock systems. Such systems are better adapted to the impact of climate change and contribute to climate change mitigation. Livestock farmers and policy-makers in particular require information on possible climate scenarios and tried-and-tested solutions for their implementation.
Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.
We will use human centered design to engage local communities commonly pastoralist to adress livestock keeping water challenges and water for nomadic pastrolist who irrigate food crops through year up to 2050 by the following:
(!)Communities will be engaged in provide decision in construct trapezoidal bunds in parastoralist land and private land as well as on a school ground to harvest water in arid conditions, Water from trapezoidal bunds will be used by livestocks to growth fodder crops and also will be used by farmers in leading cultivation of food crops during dry season or through year.
(2) Communities will be engaged in provide decision in construct microcatchments in the vicinity of institutions such as schools, clinics and cultural centres reaching out to approximately which will reach 3000 persons including 2,000 school children. We will then address technology by developing trapezoidal bunds guidelines for low-pastoralists livestock owners,, the most common type in pastoralist communities, in consultation with pastoralist dwellers. This will ensure the technologies proposed are culturally appropriate and cost competitive with existing but unsafe methods they may use to reinforce their trapezoidal bunds . We will also pursue government approval of the trapezoidal bunds guidelines to ensure there is a legal basis for trapezoidal bunds .
(3)Communities will be engaged in provide decision in investments in SMART metering for water measurement for irrigation and domestic water provision, on-farm storage, efficient water use irrigation technologies such as drip-irrigation.
(4) Communities will be engaged in provide decision in installation of faucet aerators which save our communities thousands of gallons of water from being wasted.
(5)Communities will be engaged in provide decision in installation of bins and hosting many recycling drives in our community.
(6)Communities will be engaged in provide decision in installation food scraps program to our local city, where residents are provided with a special bin for collecting food scraps, which will then get composted instead of ending up in the landfill.
High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.
We will take an integrated three-pronged approach that aims to improve capacities of different stakeholders to implement interventions to support climate-smart livestock development: At the local level, We will work with livestock keepers to identify and test field practices that will make them socially and economically feasible, such as the improvement of the quality of livestock feed. At the district and national level, We will support line ministry staff, the private sector and civil society representatives to develop the appropriate enabling environment for implementing climate-smart livestock development. We will also provide decision-making support through the participatory development of plausible future scenarios, particularly given the uncertainty about the future and the differing objectives of key decision makers in the context of climate change. Finally, We will develop measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) tools as well as baseline GHG emission data for addressing the mitigation agenda. In addition, adaptation tracking protocols will be developed to support the reporting on progress towards climate change adaptation targets. Tools will be developed in line with modalities, procedures and guidelines of the Enhanced Transparency Framework of the Paris and Katowice agreements. We will support governments, the private sector and local stakeholders in realizing their development objectives while also achieving their climate change adaptation and mitigation goals. The project will ensure that the expected short, medium and long-term impacts of climate change on the livestock sector are taken into account in the planning of policy frameworks, strategies and investment projects.
Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?
We will use system thinking aproach by (i) building institutional capacity and strengthening service delivery; (ii) supporting capacity building in smallholder agro-pastoral production systems; and (iii) supporting inmprovement in pastoral extensive production systems. Building Institutional Capacity and Strengthening Service Delivery.We will facilitate institutional capacity building activities at Monduli district, ward, and community levels to plan, implement, manage, monitor and deliver smart climate livestock services; (ii) supporting smart climate livestock services planning and prioritization at district and ward levels; (iii) facilitating community institutions.
This vision will supporting Smallholder Agro-pastoral Production System by (i) improving water and soil management (active microclimate management); (ii) promoting livelihoods and crop diversification, including drought-tolerant crops (e.g., legumes - beans, cowpeas, pigeon pea, among others), stall-fed intensive dairy production and agro-forestry systems; and (iii) improving small-scale farmer-managed irrigation schemes for crop and pasture/fodder development/ production. Matching grants will be provided through three windows: (i) community-level investments to finance micro-projects; (ii) county-level investments to finance relatively larger sub-projects that benefit multiple wards or communities; and (iii) productive alliances investments on public-private partnerships with producers. Beneficiaries will be required to contribute at least 10 percent of the cost of their micro-projects. County-level investments will attract a contribution of at least 20 percent of the cost of their sub-projects. The recipient of the productive alliance grants will contribute at least 50 percent of the cost of their proposed investments.
Supporting Investments in Pastoral Production Systems .We will support the pastoralist to (i) increasing productivity of livestock systems (e.g., range management, fodder and pasture production, animal fattening, heat tolerant breeds), animal health (disease surveillance, vaccination, quarantine), herd management and off-take rates; (ii) promoting integrated soil fertility and Sustainable Land Management
(SLM) practices based on crop-livestock integration (e.g., manure management, use of crop residues as feeds) and modern inputs; (iii) supporting market access (e.g., stock routes/migratory corridors, watering points, quarantine or holding grounds and animal markets); and (iv) developing infrastructure for value addition (abattoirs, milk cooling and primary processing).
Component 2: Strengthening Climate-Smart Agricultural Research and Seed Systems by : (i) supporting CSA research and innovations; (ii) building competitive and sustainable seed systems; and (iii) strengthening technical and institutional capacity to coordinate and deliver research and seed system outputs.
Specifically, we will collaborative in providing research programs aimed at developing and promoting related to five thematic areas: (i) climate-smart crops; (ii) climate-smart livestock and aquaculture; (iii) socioeconomic research on (iv) land, water and agroforestry; and (v) sustainable bioenergy, including charcoal VC. This will be achieved through: (i) the identification and prioritization of at County level; (ii) the preparation of technical training materials and modules to facilitate dissemination and adoption of context-specific smart livestock production; (iii) technical trainings on CSA TIMPs to county technical departments and private service providers; (iv) on farm trials and other adaptive research approaches to validate CSA TIMPS at county and community levels
Building Competitive and Sustainable Seed Systems .We will improve crop, livestock and aquaculture breeding programs and the involvement of private sector and communities in the production and distribution of commercial seed. This vision will work with the Tanzania Plant Health Inspectorate Services,Tanzania Animal Genetic Resource ,Universities, to develop and strengthen commercially driven seed multiplication and distribution systems. Specifically, in : (i) producing and maintaining early generation seed and promoting improved seed, especially high value traditional crops; (ii) strengthening seed/breed/fingerlings production systems; (iii) developing and strengthening alternative delivery systems for high value traditional seeds and open pollinated varieties (OPVs); (vi) catalyzing growth of competitive seed retail networks; (v) developing and advocating conducive legal, regulatory and institutional framework for seeds/breeds/fingerlings; and (vi) supporting a national Public-Private Dialogue (PPD) platforms on seed/breeds/ fingerlings. Supporting Agro-weather, Market, Climate and Advisory Services . This vision will finance the development of livestock-weather forecasting and marketing information system and their dissemination tools by (i) improving agro-meteorological forecasting and monitoring; (ii) developing climate-smart, agro-weather and market information system and advisories using and (iii) building institutional and technical capacity for agro-meteorological observation and forecasting, agricultural statistics collection and analyses, and market advisory services. By translating climate information into actionable knowledge, agro-weather tools will improve producers ❨ long-term capacity for adopting CSA, managing weather shocks and climate risks, and sustaining agricultural production under the changing climatic conditions.
Improving Agro-meteorological Forecasting and Monitoring by: (i) enhance agroweather and climate information services; (ii) build core-capacity for agro-weather observation and forecasting; and (iii) develop the long-term ability to operate and maintain the agro-weather and climate information services. Specifically, we will support four key interventions: (i) mapping of existing public and private operated AWS, agro-meteorological, hydrological and rain gauge stations to assess their functionalities for improvement; (ii) establishing agro-meteorological centers in participating counties to improve drought and flood forecasts; (iii) installing new automated agro-weather stations to complement existing infrastructure; and (iv) developing the Early Warning System (EWS) at the Meteorological Department , and upgrading the existing EWS at the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).
Developing Integrated Weather and Market Information System by: (i) developing Big Data for CSA; (ii) strengthening the Market Information Systems; and (iii) delivering integrated weather and market advisory services using ICT and existing agricultural extension networks. Big data based on crop/pasture-weather analytics will help farmers in making decisions on what, when, where and how to plant their farms. Support to Big Data for CSA will involve financing activities related to: (i) segmenting and registering value chain stakeholders; (ii) establishing homogenous production zones to support location-specific information system and advisories; (iii) collecting agricultural statistics; (iv) appointing the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) agent; and (v) setting-up infrastructure for ➢❨ big data➢❨ analytics. Strengthening the Market Information System will involve financing the data capture on: (i) output (agriculture, livestock and fisheries); (ii) input; (iii) storage; (iv) transport; and (v) match making.