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Development of Biochar-Based Closed Loop Food System

Provision of nutritive food to the people with zero impact on the environmental and socio-economic systems

Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
49 38

Written by

Lead Applicant Organization Name

Envirosafe Organo-Allied (Nigeria) Company

Lead Applicant Organization Type

  • Small company (under 50 employees)

If part of a multi-stakeholder entity (i.e. team), provide the names of other organizations and types of stakeholders collaborating with you.

(1.) Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria (University/Government) (2.) National Agricultural Extension Research Liaison Services, Zaria, Nigeria (Research Institution) (3.) Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan, Nigeria (Research Institution) (4.) Borno Coalition for Development, Maiduguri, Nigreria (Small NGO) (5.) Wuyo Workers Youth Association, Wuyo, Borno State, Nigeria (Youth Organization)

How long have you / your team been working on this Vision?

  • 10+ years

Lead Applicant: In what city or town are you located?

Maiduguri

Lead Applicant: In what country are you located?

Nigeria

Your Selected Place: what’s the name of the Place you’re developing a Vision for?

Borno State

What country is your selected Place located in?

Nigeria

Describe your relationship to the place you’ve selected.

The place is selected in order to help in solve the numerous challenges associated with the current degenerative food system. This is to be achieved through closing up the unsustainable linear food system into a sustainable closed loop one. It is important to me because it is the place where my future generation yet unborn will live far beyond the targeted year of 2050. Hence, it is only  a duty that efforts be made at present in order to make the future not only live-able but comfortable as well to the generations yet unborn. I am connected to the place because I reside and work in the place and will remain there for the foreseeable future.

Describe the People and Place: Provide information that would be helpful for an outsider who has never been there and may have no context about this Place to better understand the area.

Borno, a frontier state located extreme northeastern Nigeria covers an area of 72,609 square kilometers. The state shares  a common border with three African countries; Niger Republic to the north, Chad, to the northeast and Cameroon to the east.   

The feel of the Place: The people of Borno are characteristically gregarious, sociable and friendly best described as sanguine. Kanuri are the dominant ethnic group in Borno State. Other important ethnic groups include Shuwa Arabs, Fulani, Babur/Bura and Marghi. However, the most widely spoken dialect among and between all the tribes is Hausa.  Maiduguri is the state capital, and by far its largest city. Other important towns are; Gwoza, Chibok, Damboa, Biu and Bama. Population of Borno State is estimated at 5,458,156. Majority of the people are farmers, herdsmen, traders and fishermen.

The food People eat (tastes, flavors, and smells): The food consumed by the people of Borno State is mainly cereal-based eaten with with vegetable soup cooked with fish, meat, beans or groundnuts. The ceral food comes in form of grits/crumps call "biski"  and an alternative soft solid "tuwo"  in the local dialect, The food, especially the soup taste good with strong smell of spices, fish and fermented locust bean seed call "daddawa" in the local dialect. Liquid and thick cereal pap/gruel called "kunu" is also a delicacy consumed by the people of the State. 

Climate and Topography: Three major agro-ecological zones can be distinguished in the State, namely: Guinea savanna, Sudan Savanna and Sahel Savanna. The State is one of the warmest region in Nigeria with an average daily high temperature of 34 degrees centigrade. With a yearly average of 34 degrees the climate is very warm, but has only a very few tropical and humid months. It is yearlong warm or hot. Humidity is unpleasantly high from June to September, these are the months in the state. Topography: Most of the state is drained by seasonal rivers flowing toward Lake Chad. Borno is primarily an agrarian society. Prominent physical features include the Bornu Plains, the volcanic Biu Plateau, and the firki (“black cotton”) swamps south and southwest of Lake Chad. Most of the state is drained by seasonal rivers flowing toward Lake Chad. The far south, however, is drained by the Gongola River, a tributary of the Benue. 

The natural vegetation in Borno state includes the acacia (a source of gum arabic), baobab, locust bean, shea butter, date palm, and kapok trees; however, there is a region of Sahel savanna, mostly thorn scrub and with sandy soils, in the north. Prominent physical features include the Bornu Plains, the volcanic Biu Plateau, and the firki (“black cotton”) swamps south and southwest of Lake Chad. 

 Social dynamics: The Durbar is a key reflection of Borno State’s culture and history. It features a display of horsemanship mainly organised to mark important occasions, with royal horsemen, dances, –horses and trumpeters led by the Shehu, emirs, district heads and other traditional title holders.

What is the approximate size of your Place, in square kilometers? (New question, not required)

72609

What is the estimated population (current 2020) in your Place?

5458156

Challenges: Describe the current (2020) and the future (2050) challenges that your food system faces.

Presently (2020), Borno State, Nigeria is being faced by numerous challenges that makes the food system unsustainable. In the absence of any meaningful intervention, these challenges will continue to be aggravated to foreseeable future - 2050,  and well beyond.  These challenges are elucidated as follows:

Environment: Current environmental challenges face by Food System in Borno State are many, a few are; desertification, arable land degradation, erratic and unreliable rainfall regimes, receding surface and underground water levels (typically for Lake Chad) excessive overgrazing, extensive tree felling for fuel wood and others. These challenges will likely continue to worsen up to 2050 as population pressure increases and degradation of natural resources is aggravated. 

Diets: The World Food Program (WFP) reported that 64 percent of the population of Borno State are food and nutrition insecure. Diets consume by majority of the populace is largely carbohydrate (cereals) and lack protein, minerals and vitamins. Due to massive increase in population, these challenges will only be increasing through 2050 and beyond. 

Economics:The economy of Borno State is largely agrarian, with livestock husbandry, crop production and fishing on the Lake Chad dominating the economic activities. Agriculture is mainly subsistence, with over 70 percent of the population depending on it directly or indirectly for their livelihoods. Unfortunately, whatever progress is made regarding the Food System in Borno State, it is nullified by the sheer increase in population.

Technology: Borno State lack the simplest of technology necessary to make the food system regenerative. Most at times, the lack of technology, as at the time it is required, can be very costly to, for instance, majority of the farms lack basic facilities in form of modern post-harvest storage such as large silos, cold and dry rooms etc that reduce food wastage that undermines the Food System. All these challenges make the Food System unsustainable and degenerative.

Policy: There is no definitive policy in Nigeria, Borno State inclusive that will help in strengthening popular access to nutritious, affordable and acceptable food. Lack of policy has led to weakening the Food System for access to healthy food in adequate quantities and good quality for people of Borno State. In a situation where there exist a form of feeble policy, it's implementation is faced with serious problems. For instance, Nigeria is a signatory and has ratify the international policy of Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.  However, this policy and similar ones are present only on paper and not being implemented. Substances that deplete the ozone layer, example Hydro-fluoro-carbons (HFCs) still abound in markets in some parts of the country. These challenges are likely to go beyond 2050 in the absence of any intervention.




Address the Challenges: Describe how your Vision will address the challenges described in the previous question.

In order to address the challenges described in previous question, a systemic change is necessary. Instead of focusing solely on the status-quo of increase in productivity and reducing the cost of production, there is the need for paradigm shift to reducing the use of synthetic raw materials through more efficient use within ecological cycles - to close the food system loop. In order to achieve this our vision is focused on integration of different approaches based on the biochar culture. Important among these approaches are as follows: 

(1.) Development of biochar-based fertilizer-pesticides production industry. We envision the development of a large scale industry for production of fertilizer-pesticides from biochar produced from organic waste materials. The produced biochar fertilizer-pesticides will systematical replaced the synthetic fertilizer and pesticides being used by crop growers at present. This will decarbonize the transportation of agro-chemicals from the production plants to buyers and users as well as the waste material collection.

(2.) Establishment of Farmer Field School for capacity building of farmers We envisage on establish of many Farmer Field School (FFS) to educate our farmers on how to produce biochar-based fertilizer-pesticide themselves for use on their farms. 

(3.) Policy Development on Sustainable Food System: Engaging all stakeholders in the food system in Borno State such as farmers, traders, transporters, extension specialist, universities, research institutes, media houses, government institutions, non-governmental organizations (both local and international) legislature, private sector organizations and others to strongly lobby and advocate for policy development and implementation to entrench a sustainable regenerative food system in Borno State.

High Level Vision: With these challenges addressed, now provide a high level description of how the Place and the lives of its People will be different than they are now.

Thirty years from now (i.e. by 2050), we foresee a completely changed Borno State in terms of environmental sustainability, adequate food and nutrition security, healthy community, agriculturally and economically developed society. This is absolutely achievable through the biochar regenerative food system (widespread and intensive use of biochar on farm) that will lead to increased productivity (yield per hectare) of both food and cash crops. This will lead to production of surplus crops to adequate and nutritiously feed the 2050 population and profitably sell the surplus to create wealth among the people….

Full Vision: How do you describe your Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for your Place and People for 2050?

Our Vision for a regenerative and nourishing food future for our place and people for 2050 is that the larger 2050 population adequately meets its abundant food nutrition and poverty eradication needs. We envisioned an Utopia Sustainable Food System (USFS) that provides among others; good environment-friendly, climate smart agricultural practices, well conserved fertile soil/water and efficient recyclable wastes management that will will increase the agricultural output manifold without associated increases in the amount of land or water used and also zero impact on the environment and socio-economic system.

How did you hear about the Food System Vision Prize?

  • Email
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Attachments (3)

Utilization of Organic Wastes in Agriculture.pdf

An article was written on Utilization of Organic Waste Materials in Agriculture

Control of Parasitic Nematodes on Banana Using Biochar.docx

An article to be published soon in form of a book on a two years research conducted in collaboration with Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria on utilization of biochar for control of plant parasitic nematodes on banana

Certificate of Company Registration.jpg

Attached here is the certificate of registration of the company - Envirosafe Organo-Allied Company. The registration was done in April 25th, 2007 in Maiduguri, Nigeria.

49 comments

Join the conversation:

Comment
Spam
Photo of Benjamin Fahrer
Team

We have found incredible results with BioChar and have learned a huge amount about charing the char with compost and compost tea extracts, would love to connect and support your process. Please reach out
farmtheroof@gmail.com

Spam
Photo of michael akande
Team

Hi Mohammed,
This is a very good vision that can change the dynamics and es=xcessive dependence of chemical fertilis=zers while also repairing some of the damaged soil. Keep up the great work. Best of luck.

Spam
Photo of alhaji adam rappa
Team

Agriculture is the back of our National Economy so lets go back to Agriculture to eliminate Hunger in our dear Nation sir.

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Certainly, that's right, Alhaji Adam Rappa

Spam
Photo of Jessica Toth
Team

Biochar is wonderful. We have been building it into some of our food system solutions in the San Diego area. Good luck with your vision. Possibly there is an opportunity to collaborate and learn from your work. Thank you.

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Jessica,
Many thanks for your comment and well wishes, we really appreciate that ok.
Certainly biochar is marvelous, the Global Food System stand to gain a lot from the material.
You are most welcome to join our Team and collaborate with us, I believe we will also learn a lot from your work. As a matter of fact, our Team is more or less international in nature, bringing people from different parts of the world.
Once more thank you.
Regards,
Mohammed

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello VDC,
You are most welcome !

Spam
Photo of muhammad alhaji kaka
Team

Sir good evening

Spam
Photo of Mo Bangura
Team

Hi we like your idea very much - we are using azolla and biochar for fertilizer would you like to collaborate? You will find azolla very useful as can be grown anywhere, doubles in biomass every few days, top nitrogen fixer and CO2 absorber, also very nutrious protein rich poultry and animal feed.

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Dear Mo Bangura,

Thanks a lot for your appreciation of your little efforts !
We will be very delighted to collaborate with you on development of the Biochar-Azolla fertilizer.
Please, feel free to join us ok.

Cheers !
Mohammed

Spam
Photo of Mo Bangura
Team

Thanks very much Sir

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

You are most welcome Mr. Mo !

Spam
Photo of Mohammad Usman
Team

We like your idea sir. You an encyclopedia of useful facts. Very educated, eloquent, culturely liberate and very civilised. Having you as our lecturer is not only a luck but also a blessing. More grease to your already greased elbows sir.

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Mohammed Usman,

Many thanks for your compliments !
We shall continue to struggle our possible best for you the young ones and especially to the generations yet unborn.
I am very much delighted that you join the laudable Food System Vision Prize 2050.
Although we are left with a few hours to the dateline, please, work hard ok...
I wish you the very best of luck in all your endeavors.

Best regards,
Mohammed.

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Mohammed Usman,

Many thanks for your compliments !
We shall continue to struggle our possible best for you the young ones and especially to the generations yet unborn.
I am very much delighted that you join the laudable Food System Vision Prize 2050.
Although we are left with a few hours to the dateline, please, work hard ok...
I wish you the very best of luck in all your endeavors.

Best regards,
Mohammed.

Spam
Photo of Babakura Goni
Team

Dr sir Mohammed Hassan very interested one and good vision

Spam
Photo of muhammad alhaji kaka
Team

Hello sir nice to meet you here I wish you the best

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Muhammad Alhaji Kaka,
We have just about 48 hours to the dateline for submission of 31st January, 2020... So, continue to work hard to make sure that your work is better ok.
Wishing you all the best.
Regards,
Md Auwal Hassan.

Spam
Photo of Bullus Pindar Njani
Team

OK sir, I will. Thanks

Spam
Photo of Bullus Pindar Njani
Team

You are doing a great work sir

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Many thanks for your comments, Bullus Njani
Regards,
Md Auwal

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Bullus P. Njani,
We have less than 20 hours to the dateline for submission of 31st January, 2020 (% PM EST)...
So, continue to work hard to make sure that your work is better.
PLEASE, REMEMBER TO CLICK THE SUBMIT BUTTON !
Wish you all the best.
Regards,
Md Auwal Hassan.

Spam
Photo of Bullus Pindar Njani
Team

You are welcome Sir

Spam
Photo of Mamman Muhammad
Team

Hello sir.
The topic is :Utilizing Animal wastes to pellet organic fertilizer

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Mohammed Mamman,
Its less than 20 hours to the dateline for submission of 31st January, 2020 (5 PM EST)...
So, continue to work hard to make sure that your work is better.
PLEASE, REMEMBER TO CLICK THE SUBMIT BUTTON !
Wish you all the best.
Regards,
Md Auwal Hassan.

Spam
Photo of Yakubu Ado
Team

Good evening sir,
I have finished.
It's my ��!

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Yakubu Ado,
Continue to work and improve on it... You have up 31st of January, 2020 to submit ok

Spam
Photo of Yakubu Ado
Team

Ok sir.

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Yakubu Ado,
We have less than 20 hours to the dateline for submission of 31st January, 2020 (% PM EST)...
So, continue to work hard to make sure that your work is better.
PLEASE, REMEMBER TO CLICK THE SUBMIT BUTTON !
Wish you all the best.
Regards,
Md Auwal Hassan.

Spam
Photo of alhaji muhammed yale
Team

Hello sir, good evening

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Alhaji Muhammad Yale
We have just about 48 hours to the dateline for submission of 31st January, 2020... So, continue to work hard to make sure that your work is better ok.
Wishing you all the best.
Regards,
Md Auwal Hassan.

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Alhaji Muhammed Yale,
We have less than 20 hours to the dateline for submission of 31st January, 2020 (% PM EST)...
So, continue to work hard to make sure that your work is better.
PLEASE, REMEMBER TO CLICK THE SUBMIT BUTTON !
Wish you all the best.
Regards,
Md Auwal Hassan.

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Alhaji Muhammed Yale,
We have less than 20 hours to the dateline for submission of 31st January, 2020 (% PM EST)...
So, continue to work hard to make sure that your work is better.
PLEASE, REMEMBER TO CLICK THE SUBMIT BUTTON !
Wish you all the best.
Regards,
Md Auwal Hassan.

Spam
Photo of ISMAIL ISHAKU
Team

Hello sir

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Isma'il Ishaku,
We have just about 48 hours to the dateline for submission of 31st January, 2020... So, continue to work hard to make sure that your work is better ok.
Wishing you all the best.
Regards,
Md Auwal Hassan.

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Isma'il Ishaku,
We have less than 20 hours to the dateline for submission of 31st January, 2020 (% PM EST)...
So, continue to work hard to make sure that your work is better.
PLEASE, REMEMBER TO CLICK THE SUBMIT BUTTON !
Wishing you all the best.
Regards,
Md Auwal Hassan.

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Isma'il Ishaku,
We have less than 20 hours to the dateline for submission of 31st January, 2020 (% PM EST)...
So, continue to work hard to make sure that your work is better.
PLEASE, REMEMBER TO CLICK THE SUBMIT BUTTON !
Wishing you all the best.
Regards,
Md Auwal Hassan.

Spam
Photo of Musa Muhammad Harun
Team

Good evening sir, here is my vision thank u sir

Spam
Photo of Bullus Pindar Njani
Team

Good morning Sir, I'm finding it difficult to fill the Las gap, please can you help me out with some hints.

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Bullus,
Compliments of the season !

You shouldn't have any difficulty in "difficult to fill the last gap"... I believe you mean; THE FULL VISION isn't it ??? If you have any difficulty in "filling the last gap", please, try and have a look at the TOOL KIT, it is designed by the administrators of Food System Vision Prize 2050 to explain in details all that you need regarding the Food System Prize 2050 and also to help you perfect your vision to the required standard The Tool Kit contains the Prize Timeline and Prize Evaluation Criteria among other important requirements. You can access the Tool Kit in the web link below:
https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5d72a0bd91dfbe000148933f/t/5dca406092a7e01852f91d8d/1573535851350/Food+System+Vision+Prize+Toolkit.pdf

Warm regards,
Mohammed Hassan

Spam
Photo of Bullus Pindar Njani
Team

OK. Thank you Sir.

Spam
Photo of Bullus Pindar Njani
Team

Good afternoon sir, can I add my secondary school as my leading organization?

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Bullus, If the Secondary School is a registered organization under the Borno State Ministry of Education why not ? You can...

Spam
Photo of Bullus Pindar Njani
Team

Thank you sir

Spam
Photo of Bullus Pindar Njani
Team

Good evening Sir, I'm trying to get the current askira/uba population on the internet but I couldn't. if then 2006 the population was 138,091, what do you think their population should be by now. Thanks

Spam
Photo of Bullus Pindar Njani
Team

Good evening Sir, I'm trying to get the current askira/uba population on the internet but I couldn't. if then 2006 the population was 138,091, what do you think their population should be by now. Thanks

Spam
Photo of Bullus Pindar Njani
Team

Good evening Sir, this is my topic: Utilizing the leached land areas in Southern Borno will increase food quality and quantity by 2050

Spam
Photo of Itika Gupta
Team

Hi Mohammed Auwal Hassan  Great to see you joining the Prize!
It is lovely to see such a multi-stakeholder group come together to build a systemic Vision for the state of Borno. So what will the state of Borno and the lives of its people look like in 2050?
Also, we noticed your submission is currently unpublished. Was this your intention? We'd love to have your submission included in the Prize. Even if you've not started populating your Vision just yet, by publishing your submission you can make it public for other teams in your region to see, get in touch and possibly even collaborate with you.
You can publish it by hitting the "Publish" button at the top of your post. You can also update your Vision at any time before 31 January 2020 by clicking on the "Edit Contribution" on top. If you need inspiration or guidance, take a look at the Food Vision Prize Toolkit.
Here is the link to the Prize Toolkit: http://bit.ly/2X4ZxQk

Look forward to seeing your Vision evolve through the coming weeks.

Spam
Photo of Mohammed Hassan (PhD)
Team

Hello Itika Gupta, many thanks for your comment and questions regarding vision for State of Borno and its people in 2050, and also your advise on how to publish our post. My apologies for delay in replying your comments.
Our food systemic vision for State of Borno, Nigeria and its good people is to improve the farming system of the area and help the larger 2050 population meets their nutrition and poverty eradication needs. This is achievable through the biochar regenerative farming system (widespread and intensive use of biochar on farm) that will lead to increased productivity (yield per hectare) of both FOOD and CASH crops. This will lead to production of surplus crops to adequate and nutritiously feed the 2050 population and profitably sell the surplus to create wealth among the people….
Regarding publishing of the post, we are still working on it... It will be publish the moment we are done.
Thank you.

Best regards,
Auwal