I've been working and saving for retirement for most of my career - 30+ years. During that time I've ridden the ups and downs of the stock market, including some nice gains during the first dot com era, and some significant losses in the following crash, and then again in the 2008 economic meltdown.
My wife and I have both changed jobs and companies through the years. These changes necessitate taking our 401k money and rolling it into our respective IRAs. At one stage we both also took some money out of our IRAs and converted it into ROTH IRAs. And as long as we're both working we both also contribute to our company's 401k plans.
If you add those up we have six separate accounts to manage; plus one joint after tax portfolio of stocks and funds. That's a lot of complexity to navigate in order to maintain the recommended model portfolio balance while ensuring tax effectiveness of the investments.
I realized a long time ago that I'd rather leave investment decisions to the pros so I could focus my time and energy on making money doing what I do for a living. The problem is I never found an investment advisor I liked, felt I could trust with our entire portfolio, and felt represented good value for money.
Enter the roboadvisors. As soon as I read an article about this new type of fintech offering I was hooked. I researched a couple of them, chose one, and moved some money. A month or two later I moved the rest of our portfolio over and have never looked back. I love the fact they're not trying to beat the market, just keep pace with it. And I love the fact that they're picking investments the way I would - best value for the least money in fees, delivering the best performance in the class. And autobalancing continuously to maintain the target model portfolio distribution.
Now as we get into our 50s I'm starting to think about retirement, and what that will look like in terms of managing our investments. In particular I'm concerned about wrestling with a whole new problem: managing withdrawals from the portfolio in the most tax-effective, economically advantageous fashion possible.
And just like investing, I find myself intimidated by the sheer complexity that we'll need to navigate in order to get it right. Some of our questions include:
- When should we start collecting social security? Should I wait until my wife, who is several years younger, is old enough to start before I do?
- When should we take withdrawals from our IRAs and Roths? How much?
- We both have some small pensions from companies we've worked for. Should we take a lump sum distribution from them?
- Should we buy life insurance? How much? What type?
- What kind of medical expenses should we expect, and how will we pay for them?
- What happens if, down the road 20-30 years after we retire, one of us needs long term or skilled nursing care?
- Etc. etc etc.
Some of these questions are probably best answered by a financial advisor or financial planner, who we'd hire and pay to help us come up with some strategies to deal with some of the above questions.
But I can't help but feel that some of the other questions we have could be easily handled by a well-designed algorithm that takes account of the different tax code issues and social security payment levels, etc. and comes up with a recommended draw-down plan.
So: where's my retirement roboadvisor?