PROJECT BACKGROUND/EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Falls and injuries due to falls are a major threat to the independence and quality of life of older adults. Nearly one-third of people 65 years or older who live in their own homes fall each year. Because of these falls and injuries brought about by it like hip fractures, it often signal the “beginning of the end” of an older person’s life. Fearful of such an outcome, older adults often restrict their activity to avoid the risk of falling which in turn lowers the quality of life.
Unfortunately, this very behavior actually increases the risk of falling by causing loss of muscle and strength. As common as they might occur, injuries and deaths due to falls are not an inevitable consequence of aging, they can be prevented. Through interventions that are multi-component, multi-factorial and old age-friendly as this, the rate of fall can be prevented and reduced among the aged and their quality of life improved.
This intervention project aims at identifying through risk assessment screening device to determine the risk factors for falling of the individual, providing personalized intervention for elderly with high risk of falling with risk in-depth risk assessment to identify modifiable risk factors and a health/safety promotion awareness program for all elderly including those with no risk falling to prevent future falling. Through this intervention, most risk factor for falling would be identified in individuals and falling prevented in elderly especially those reached by the intervention.
This project aims to prevent and reduce falls in the elderly
1. Identify and screen elderly individuals for risk factors.
2. Build the confidence of most elderly of each focused community and hence improve their quality of life.
3. Sensitize and properly inform the older population on how to prevent and reduce falls.
4. Achieve a reduced morbidity and mortality due to falls among the elderly.
1. All elderly aged 65 and above.
2. All older population aged 60 and above.
Nationwide starting from the southwestern states in Nigeria
1. Nationwide screening of elderly aged 65 and above with the developed Fall Risk Screening Device.
2. Enrollment of high and Low risk elderly on the personalized multi-factorial intervention program.
3. Enrollment of No risk elderly on health/safety promotion awareness program. Seminars and conferences on fall prevention among the elderly.
4. Outreach and community town hall meetings to sensitize the older population.
5. Data collection on the progress and outputs of the project.
6. Continuous quality improvement (CQI) activities and report.
7. Monitoring and evaluation activities and supervision.
1. Open IDEO • AARP services Inc. •
2. Government agencies
3. Partner NGOs and civil societies.
4. Community collaboration.
1. 90% of the elderly would be equipped with information on how to prevent falls.
2. 95% of high risk elderly would be screened and 90% would have achieved reduced risk of falls.
3. 90% of the older population would be confident to engage in activities that would improve their quality of life.
4. 95% of older population would change their mindset and response towards fall prevention and reduction.
MONITORING AND EVALUATION
1. The project would be monitored and data collection conducted monthly.
2. Evaluation would be conducted bi-yearly and mid-term through the project.
3. The effect of the program on the target population would also be monitored and evaluated.
4. Survey would be conducted to estimate the number of people affected positively and to measure the success of the program.
5. End of project report would be prepared and published.
6. Budget monitoring would also be conducted.
Communities and State governments would be engaged to continue the program through ownership, partnership and collaboration.