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FALL PREVENTION INTERVENTION PROGRAMME FOR THE ELDERLY TO IMPROVE THEIR QUALITY OF LIFE

This Intervention programme aims to identify and enroll high risk elderly through screening and conduct health/safety awareness campaign

Photo of Stephen Ohuneni
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Who is your idea designed for and how does it enable older adults to live their best possible life by preventing falls?

This Idea is designed for all elderly from the age of 65 years and above with priority for high-risk individuals. This intervention programme aims to help older adults live their best possible life by teaching them how to prevent falls and screening and enrolling high-risk individuals on personalized multi-factorial program which will conduct an in-depth risk assessment and determine modifiable risk factors and conduct awareness program to promote improved balance and health/safety methods

PROJECT BACKGROUND/EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

 Falls and injuries due to falls are a major threat to the independence and quality of life of older adults. Nearly one-third of people 65 years or older who live in their own homes fall each year. Because of these falls and injuries brought about by it like hip fractures, it often signal the “beginning of the end” of an older person’s life. Fearful of such an outcome, older adults often restrict their activity to avoid the risk of falling which in turn lowers the quality of life.

 Unfortunately, this very behavior actually increases the risk of falling by causing loss of muscle and strength. As common as they might occur, injuries and deaths due to falls are not an inevitable consequence of aging, they can be prevented. Through interventions that are multi-component, multi-factorial and old age-friendly as this, the rate of fall can be prevented and reduced among the aged and their quality of life improved. 

This intervention project aims at identifying through risk assessment screening device to determine the risk factors for falling of the individual, providing personalized intervention for elderly with high risk of falling with risk in-depth risk assessment to identify modifiable risk factors and a health/safety promotion awareness program for all elderly including those with no risk falling to prevent future falling. Through this intervention, most risk factor for falling would be identified in individuals and falling prevented in elderly especially those reached by the intervention. 

PROJECT OBJECTIVES

This project aims to prevent and reduce falls in the elderly

1. Identify and screen elderly individuals for risk factors. 

2. Build the confidence of most elderly of each focused community and hence improve their quality of life.

3.  Sensitize and properly inform the older population on how to prevent and reduce falls.

4.  Achieve a reduced morbidity and mortality due to falls among the elderly. 

TARGET POPULATION

1. All elderly aged 65 and above. 

2. All older population aged 60 and above. 

TARGET COMMUNITIES

Nationwide starting from the southwestern states in Nigeria 

PROGRAM ACTIVITIES

1. Nationwide screening of elderly aged 65 and above with the developed Fall Risk Screening Device. 

2. Enrollment of high and Low risk elderly on the personalized multi-factorial intervention program. 

3.  Enrollment of No risk elderly on health/safety promotion awareness program. Seminars and conferences on fall prevention among the elderly. 

4. Outreach and community town hall meetings to sensitize the older population.

5.  Data collection on the progress and outputs of the project. 

6. Continuous quality improvement (CQI) activities and report. 

7. Monitoring and evaluation activities and supervision. 

PROGRAM PARTNERS

1. Open IDEO • AARP services Inc. •

2. Government agencies 

3. Partner NGOs and civil societies. 

4.  Community collaboration. 

DESIRED OUTCOME

1. 90% of the elderly would be equipped with information on how to prevent falls. 

2.  95% of high risk elderly would be screened and 90% would have achieved reduced risk of falls. 

3. 90% of the older population would be confident to engage in activities that would improve their quality of life. 

4. 95% of older population would change their mindset and response towards fall prevention and reduction. 

MONITORING AND EVALUATION

1.  The project would be monitored and data collection conducted monthly. 

2.  Evaluation would be conducted bi-yearly and mid-term through the project. 

3.  The effect of the program on the target population would also be monitored and evaluated. 

4. Survey would be conducted to estimate the number of people affected positively and to measure the success of the program. 

5. End of project report would be prepared and published. 

6. Budget monitoring would also be conducted. 

SUSTAINABILITY

Communities and State governments would be engaged to continue the program through ownership, partnership and collaboration.

What early, lightweight experiment might you try out in your own community to find out if the idea will meet your expectations?

A pilot intervention program will be conducted in my community to find out if this idea will meet my expectations with little survey conducted. This pilot program will focus on one community with high number of elderly with history of falling. they would be screened to identify the high risk individuals and would be enrolled on the mini intervention program. After a month through this intervention, a survey would be carried out to check the responses and behaviors of these individuals to falls

What skills, input, or guidance from the OpenIDEO community would be most helpful in building out or refining your idea?

OpenIDEO community would be required to help design a workable and most cost effective methods to undertake this program, with input on the surveys and the technicalities of the programme. Also skills for designing and using a risk assessment device that will best achieve the goal of this programme would be appreciated.

How long has your idea existed?

  • 0-3 months

This idea emerged from

  • A group brainstorm

Tell us about your work experience:

I am a development practitioner and currently a project director of Guildance Community Development Foundation. I have worked on various projects in the healthcare and development field. I am experienced in program design, coordination and implementation. I hold a BSc in Microbiology and MSc in SDP

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Photo of Kate Rushton
Team

HI Stephen!

Welcome to the challenge. There are a few posts in the research phase that you might want to look at to help develop your idea further - Understanding risk factors related to aging and falls and Background: The "Best" Fall Prevention Programs 

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