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As young children, we’re all creative. We draw, sing, build, and dream. Yet somewhere along the way – due to the influence of others or our own insecurity – many of us put down these creative instincts. Together with IDEO and our partners – and in celebration of Tom and David Kelley's new book, Creative Confidence – we’re asking the OpenIDEO community to design fun, inspiring and new ways to help teenagers and young adults around the world preserve and nurture their own creative confidence. At a time when our world faces unprecedented challenges, how might we ensure that young people practice their creative confidence today so that they have a shot at becoming successful leaders tomorrow?

Setting the Stage

It’s safe to say that at some point each of us has suffered from a crisis of confidence. In the office, in the classroom or in front of an audience – we’ve all experienced that moment when it feels like everyone around us is smarter, faster, better. Where does that insecurity come from and what can we do to combat it? 
At its core, creative confidence is the ability to come up with new ideas and the courage to try them out. As children, each of us had a certain level of our own creative confidence baked into our identities and behaviours. Unfortunately, many of us have since lost it or pushed it away – fearing that either we weren’t any good at being creative or that someone else was better. Maybe it was a parent who pushed you to focus on math or science instead of art. Maybe it was a classmate who laughed at your off-the-wall idea. Maybe it was your own fear of failure, or fear of being judged by others, that stopped you before you even tried. Whatever the cause, that moment – the point in time when a child or teenager chooses to either sweep aside his or her own creative potential or recommit to nurturing it – is what our challenge is all about. 
How might we inspire and support teens and young adults to continue practicing and to preserve their creative confidence? How might we anticipate that pivotal moment when a young person is faced with a crisis of creative confidence and help them navigate successfully to the other side? And if creative confidence is like a muscle that can be strengthened and nurtured through effort and experience, how might we encourage young people to flex these muscles, hone these skills and carry their creative confidence proudly with them in school and in life?

For more information, check out the Guiding Principles for this challenge.

About Creative Confidence: Unleashing the Creative Confidence Within Us All

Creativity lies at the heart of innovation – without creativity, we can’t design new ideas, tools or solutions to meet our world’s most pressing challenges. In their new book Creative Confidence, brothers  Tom Kelley (bestselling author and partner at IDEO) and  David Kelley (founder of IDEO and Stanford’s unpack what creative confidence is, why it’s important for innovation and what each of us can do to unleash our own creative potential. 
Throughout this challenge, you’ll see references to Tom and David's book, as well as receive early access to select chapters, exercises and worksheets to push our community conversations and thinking further. While our challenge is focused on creative confidence in young people, our hope is that everyone who participates will feel inspired to seize their own creative potential and use it to drive innovation in their work, their education and their lives. 

What Will It Mean to 'Win' in This Challenge?

As with all OpenIDEO challenges, there are many reasons to participate and many things you'll gain by participating in our Creative Confidence Challenge – regardless of whether your idea wins. With that said, the winning ideas in this challenge will represent submissions that best answer our challenge question, that excite and energise our community and that address our sponsor's and partners' goals. As the challenge unfolds we'll share more about these goals so you know where we're headed.
No matter the end result, we encourage everyone to take your ideas forward on your own or to collaborate with your network to implement them. On OpenIDEO we strive to be a place where good ideas gain momentum – both from the community and from our sponsors and partners. For more information, visit our About Us and How It Works pages.

About Our Sponsor

IDEO is an award-winning global design and innovation consultancy. We create positive impact through design by taking a human-centered approach to helping organisations in the public and private sectors innovate, grow, and bring to market new ideas.
Challenge Partners:
The is a hub for innovators at Stanford. In a time when there is hunger for innovation everywhere, we think our primary responsibility is to help prepare a generation of students to rise with the challenges of our times. We define what it means to be a student broadly, and we support “students” of design thinking who range from kindergarteners to senior executives. Learn more.


YMCA of Silicon Valley is a leading nonprofit committed to strengthening community through youth development, healthy living and social responsibility. Their mission is to strengthen our community by improving the quality of life and inspiring individuals and families to develop their fullest potential in spirit, mind and body. Learn more.

Community Cross-Pollinator

  Meena Kadri

Challenge Community Champion

  Hao Dinh

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Photo of Annie

This is a really interesting topic that I will definitely continue to think more about.

To start with, Creativity is a value that I hold especially close to my heart, and I’ve had personal “crises of confidence” that have threatened my creative confidence. I’ve been playing the violin for almost two decades, and I’ve watched as amazing musicians (myself included) begin to have their creativity questioned by their peers, by mentors, by audience members, etc. I used to consider the possibility of playing the violin in a professional setting but was somewhat warded off the idea by the intense pressure I experienced as a younger musician.

I can truthfully say that I felt most comfortable with my creativity as a musician when I was surrounded by supportive and amazingly creative peers. Never mind the parents who always seem to try to pitch their children in competitions against one another. The way I see music is this: we are all striving toward a common goal – mastering our craft and showing the world how beautiful our craft can be. This belief very much parallels my thoughts on creativity. Competition can be alarmingly regressive; in my experience, intense competition has forced individuals to back down on their creative talents and shy away from their respective craft.

In order to truly preserve creative confidence, our focus cannot be on who is most skilled or most talented, who is winning the most competitions, who has the most potential in the future, etc. Creativity is here and now. Regardless of the craft the individual is learning – if he/she is able to nurture creativity, he/she will have the upper hand in all future endeavors.

This is not to say that all competition is horrible. I’ve had great experiences where I’ve been able to compete with friends and still focus on nurturing creativity. This is why I mentioned the importance of being surrounded by “supportive and amazingly creative peers”. As long as we are all constantly focused on our goals and reminded of why we spend so much time and energy on what we do, I feel that the passion of creativity will never be lost.

Nurturing creativity starts at a young age and can be beaten down in a moment’s notice by his/her surroundings. I feel that we can help young people build their creative confidence by nurturing a creative environment, in which everybody is continuously learning and creating – rather than competing.

Photo of Dylan Bulkeley-Krane

The role of personal relationships is a key piece of encouraging young people to develop their creative confidence, as shown by the amazing projects that won and by many of the Impact Stories.

However, major cultural institutions are another vital piece in stimulating creative confidence. The question is how they can be better leveraged as resources for young people. Art museums, theaters, and preforming arts complexes should be recognized as important arenas for young people to gain access to new artistic mediums and forms of creative expression.

Contemporary art museums play prominent roles in many global cities, and two of the most recognized institutions—The Tate Modern in London and the SFMOMA in San Francisco—are in the final stages of massive new development projects. With these openings and new capacities there is a real opportunity for incredible impact on the local youth in those regions and their relationship with the arts.

Both museums have lofty goals of local inclusion and community outreach efforts*. However, it remains to be seen if they will follow through with substantial programming that is accessible to young people. Cultural institutions for the Arts should act as community magnets for youth to find their creative confidence. However, there is a real risk of these institutions catering too much of their attention towards tourists; the Tate, for example, attracted 3.5 million out-of-town visitors in 2014**.

Yet there is incredible potential for the Tate and SFMOMA to shape many young lives. By embracing youth programs, identifying new opportunities for involvement by locals, and supporting the regional arts community, these types of institutions can have an enormously positive effect in spurring creativity and promoting artistic confidence for thousands of young people.


**Tate Report 2013-2014

Photo of Monica Wirawan

Creativity is something which can be taken out from each individual by encouragement, respect and appreciation from the society. Everybody are born to be creative, but during the life progress eastern environment did not give encouragement and appraisal to creativity. More of the Asian society and parents are more proud with science, and mathematics. It could be the reason why average westerners are much more creative than asian. It is just the culture of asian countries which are more build for the basic necessity such as engineering, science, and math. Whereas, western countries, which are mostly much more developed than average asian country, have already had a strong based foundation for the basic needs such as science so that they would be able to encourage their people to invest and express their creativity from their every day opinions.
Moreover, Asian country are not opened enough to express their opinion. Most country such as Japan, Singapore, and many other countries have a tendency to not expressing their opinion and obey all the culture boundaries.
Freedom and enough appreciation are a sting based for creativity to be arisen from each individual. Creativity would exist in each person if they are not under pressure and stress environment. Let's take Pixar working environment as an example. They encourage their workers to work according to their passion, appreciation, freedom and confidence. Then only creativity become one of the culture in each individual.

Photo of D'shaun Guillory

I believe everyone has a bit of creative spirit more or less just waiting to be unleashed. From the time we are young we are full of creative potential. In some cases, we are either surrounded by or are given the opportunity to foster this creativity into a valuable asset in society. However, others follow a dissimilar path rather by choice, by force, or by way of lack of creative environment. I was blessed to have a family, though with few resources, allowed me as a child to be creatively expressive in the way of art and design. Though my academic and career path has deviated slightly, I have managed to maintain my creative, complex orientation to which I apply to every aspect of life. For those individuals who are outwardly creative, I suggest a strategic solution to reach those who just need a little bit of inspiration to be creative thinkers. We are an interconnected and dynamic world. We can reach a degree of ubiquitous creativity if we can coalesce around the best practices, methods, and solutions. Despite all of the uncertainty, I continue to be stubbornly optimistic about the future.

Photo of Prathamesh KriSang

Creativity comes out of awareness. For me creativity or ingenuity would be coming up with the most effective solution to a problem. And to identify a solution, awareness is of utmost importance. Or we might get lost in the problem never knowing it existed. Being aware of problems automatically begins to bring up the solution. So the only one word solution I comes to my mind is "AWARENESS". And one way I know of to reach that level of awareness is 'meditation'.

Photo of Lisa Padilla

It was in my childhood that my parents provided me with the keys to happiness.
Apply yourself with passion.
Do what you love.
Always try again.
This inspirational trio has stuck with me through my years as I passed from private to public school, from middle school to high school. I utilized many ways to express myself, including sports, prose, music, and making. Two elements rose to the surface above all else, and they are still my driving inspiration today for my current and future goals. First, making – there was, and still is, no greater joy than giving away my creative work after transforming raw materials into a new form. Second, the functioning of the human body – it always has and always will fascinate me, from when I greedily dove in to my dad’s medical books at a tender age, and even now, as I use them in college. The joy of making in order to give, combined with my passion for human anatomy, has inspired me seek new heights for the coupling of art and science. If I were to condense my life down into one sentence, it would be this: Once you find those few things that you cannot go without, pursue them without mercy, for they will yield endless inspiration and motivation.

Photo of Madison Kamp

I believe one of the most important aspects of cultivating creativity is embracing failure and knowing it's a good thing. If we fear being unsuccessful we will never be successful. We can't fear having a bad idea or putting ourselves out there. Bad ideas must be there to have good ideas. In fact, sometimes the good ideas generate from the bad. We must not fear failure.

Picture this: A bunch of people are throwing out ideas for a project and someone says an idea that everyone else laughs at. That laughable idea sparks something in someone else's head to then come up with a fantastic idea.
What if the first person never said that bad idea because he/she for fear of being laughed at? We wouldn't get anywhere in this situation let alone any others.

This is a minor example but I believe people in general need to embrace and be proud of their failures, in all aspects of life. As long as you had good intentions and gave it your all - you should be just as proud of your failures as you are your successes. Don't we learn the most by failing anyway?

If we cultivate an environment where we teach our kids to embrace failure - think of the things they will be willing to do without worry of being different, weird, bad, or unsuccessful. Confidence will be inevitable! The less fear of failure you have the more confidence you will have.

Photo of Matthew Blain

Sometimes it requires faith in action on the part of the individual. Putting your ideas and content out into the world is an act of courage - who knows how others will evaluate it? But nothing was ever accomplished by holding ideas back. Creative people have to act and have to act with a certain brashness that sets aside all fear of failure or criticism. In this way, confidence is forged through the dismissal of failure; the courage the act boldly in the face of fear.

Photo of Soo Hyeon Kim

Having confidence can be difficult for some people for many reasons. I think to be confident about anything, people need a support from people they care about. I was very lucky to have parents who are supportive of what I pursuit. My parents always respected my decision about majoring art and encouraged me a lot. I remember that I was never good at math when I was little, but my mom told me that I am not bad at math, but I’m just better at art. This kind of support allowed me to become a creative person. I think having encouraging people around children is the most important thing because children have infinite potentials to become anything they want to be. People need to know how great getting acknowledged on what they love to do by people they care about feels.

Photo of Dave Fred

The first time I was ever inspired, I would say, is when I saw "Toy Story." As soon as I saw the animation, I was blown away by how fun it was, that was the time I decided to be an artist to work in Pixar. Before I was lost in my school life. I went to school because my parents were forcing me to go, and it was my duty. In school I would just wait for the class the end and run right after school to home. I was spending my time unproductively. I had fun not thinking about future, though, each days didn't give anything useful. However, seeing "Toy Story," my goal of life was set and I could have direction. Since then I did things that might complement the path to my dream and used my time more productively. Now, I cant imagine a life without inspiration. It will be too boring for me.

Photo of Dewan Karim

I know a guy from my high school and the only thing he dreamed about not to have a 9-5 job rather something very creative. Today he is a musician, leaving his dream. One of the happiest persons I have ever known in my life. He chased his own dream not other people's dream about him and I think that's what we need to start teaching to young people in school.

Photo of DeletedUser


That is key - teaching that there are many paths to success and happiness. People realize to late that the same things that make others happy may make them miserable. The issue is you need to start discovering your talents and passions early on in order to have time to channel them into a career.

Photo of Enrico Sinatra

Alina you are right! I don't like write what I am going to write. Context is very important to follow your dream. I think at Stephan hawking now Newton cattedra, if was born in such a poor country... I don't know if was able to show us the wonderful word of "black hole." so it is important follow your dream, but analyse the context is very important too. we didnt design the world. not yet.

Photo of Nora Irastorza

Regarding the comment ubove, we havent designed the world, but what about our future? This is going to be more my personal opinion, but I do really thing that we live somewhere in which people fear to commit mistakes. To the point that they dont event risk. I think its amazing the istory that Dewan have shared about his friend changing the path of his live, but cases like these are really few! And people frustrated trying to fit in enviroments, jobs or even studies that do not like are too many!!
I believe in world where mistakes are cheered, we need to be all comfortable to risk, with no judges about the mistakes or others! Sometimes we need to return to our beginnign, as we were child and remember what kept us motivated and switched on "our creativity". We do really need it.

Photo of Nora Irastorza

Regarding the comment ubove, we havent designed the world, but what about our future? This is going to be more my personal opinion, but I do really thing that we live somewhere in which people fear to commit mistakes. To the point that they dont event risk. I think its amazing the istory that Dewan have shared about his friend changing the path of his live, but cases like these are really few! And people frustrated trying to fit in enviroments, jobs or even studies that do not like are too many!!
I believe in world where mistakes are cheered, we need to be all comfortable to risk, with no judges about the mistakes or others! Sometimes we need to return to our beginnign, as we were child and remember what kept us motivated and switched on "our creativity". We do really need it.

Photo of Kalli Barrone

As a child, I was always inspired to be creative because I felt supported by the people around me. My teachers, parents, and friends often responded positively to the things I made, and that in turn helped me feel excited to create again. Beyond support, the other thing that helped me build creative confidence was plenty of free time. Beyond school, my schedule was wide open to do as I pleased, and many times that time was spent making things.

Similarly, the moments when I feel most inspired are the moments when I have time that is dedicated to nothing but the task at hand. Over the years I’ve found that my best ideas and moments of truest inspiration never happen when I feel bogged down or distracted. Distractions can come from my long to do list, my work or school schedule, my chatty roommates, my messy room, and the list goes on. The reason I think uninterrupted time is what inspired me most is because that gives me the opportunity to remedy my current situation (like clean my workspace) or the time to pursue something that will provide inspiration (such as a walk around my neighborhood or a new book store). Free time helps my busy thoughts get quiet and allows inspiration to shine though. Moving forward as an artist and as a human in general, I know that in order to connect with my truest feelings and best inspiration I need to make time for free time.

Photo of DeletedUser


This is a really interesting challenge with ideas that could possibly apply to demographics beyond young people (the retired elderly, for one? And so forth)!

Just wanted to ask about a sentence in the written brief: "Maybe it was a parent who pushed you to focus on math or science instead of art."

I'm probably over-reading it and you guys meant it as an example of typical parental pressure, but doesn't that sentence imply that math or science is not creative since it's being juxtaposed against art?

The spirit of the challenge seems to regard creativity as more of an attitude than in relation to a particular discipline, judging by the Kelley brothers' explanation and the images of kids doing 'science-y' (er, creative liberties with language...) tasks in the video.

Again, aware I am digging really deep into this one sentence! It's just kind of a sticking point for me lately because I've noticed a lot of people who identify as 'not creative' automatically shying away from experiences seen as creative, which equates to 'artsy' in their minds.

Photo of DeletedUser


I'm absolutely on board with Andrea here. In my experience, the synonymizing of "creative" to "artsy," and thus confinement of "creativity" to aesthetically-driven enterprises, has meant that an entire toolset is removed from consideration when facing non-art questions or challenges. I believe every field can benefit from increased creative confidence, as it is the first step towards innovation.

I do, however, understand that -- particularly with younger kids -- art (aesthetic and tactile experiences) are likely the most effective means of training for creative thinking. Given this, it might make sense to limit this challenge to artistic ventures.

Photo of DeletedUser


 "Maybe it was a parent who pushed you to focus on math or science instead of art."

May it was a school (and government behind it) who push parents to STEM (they after get occupation in this area) and then they push kids into this direction too?

I am trying encouraging pattens so they also allow and motivate kids kids in first grade (6-8 yeas old) to still PLAY, for example to take construction set challenges TOGETHER with their KIDS.

This positive OPEN mindset in this AGE towards PLAY and CREATIVITY is important, like some aspect of ART like self-express and look for individual original solution.

I do a meeting in Saturday kids style, where kids can play witih they parts, but many of them think then in age 6-8years must hard work on learning and not just to PLAY.

How distort this view is !

Photo of DeletedUser


That's a good point, Daniel Katz, about art being likely the most effective means here for younger kids.

It makes me think about how when they're older, you can help children realize that art can be applicable to other disciplines besides the traditional one.

Though it seems so obvious now, growing up I would have been really surprised to find out loving art didn't equate to a career as an artist, paintbrush in hand! And actually nowadays so many artists creatively employ or even invent technical tools to create their art, it's really changed the traditional view of who and what an artist is and does.

Photo of DeletedUser


Discus: Is Creative Confidence predominantly soft knowledge or hard skill?

Photo of DeletedUser


Hi Andrea,

Art mean in many Euperna languaes orginaly skill and artist was most skilled persons then others.

Photo of Erin Mullins

I think creative confidence is often related to having the right set of skills. If someone doesn’t know how to work with wood, they will be less inclined to design and build a bench than someone who has worked in a wood shop before. Hands-on classes need to become part of our national curriculum to give students the ability to turn their ideas into a reality. It is important that students receive training in craftsmanship because the more clean and refined they can make the prototypes for their designs, the better the feedback they will receive, creating a positive feedback loop instead of a negative one. (“What’s that supposed to be?” versus “Wow, you made that? How does it work?”)
This education reform can be implemented through a two step process of policy change and charter schools. While charter schools have some freedom to decide what classes they want to offer, they are still dependent on state and national laws about what must be taught in schools. Additionally, the hope would be that after changes in national education policy are enacted, and the positive results of these classes on students in charter schools are made public, children in traditional public schools would also have access to classes that teach them how to build and create. America prides itself on exporting creativity, and the purpose of education is to prepare people for the work force, so there is no reason why we should not offer classes that teach crucial concepts such as design thinking, wood working, welding, and graphic design. These skills will benefit students not only in the workplace but also in their daily lives, allowing them to be more self sufficient and able to give back to their communities.

Photo of Erin Mullins

I think creative confidence is often related to having the right set of skills. If someone doesn’t know how to work with wood, they will be less inclined to design and build a bench than someone who has worked in a wood shop before. Hands-on classes need to become part of our national curriculum to give students the ability to turn their ideas into a reality. It is important that students receive training in craftsmanship because the more clean and refined they can make the prototypes for their designs, the better the feedback they will receive, creating a positive feedback loop instead of a negative one. (“What’s that supposed to be?” versus “Wow, you made that? How does it work?”)
This education reform can be implemented through a two step process of policy change and charter schools. While charter schools have some freedom to decide what classes they want to offer, they are still dependent on state and national laws about what must be taught in schools. Additionally, the hope would be that after changes in national education policy are enacted, and the positive results of these classes on students in charter schools are made public, children in traditional public schools would also have access to classes that teach them how to build and create. America prides itself on exporting creativity, and the purpose of education is to prepare people for the work force, so there is no reason why we should not offer classes that teach crucial concepts such as design thinking, wood working, welding, and graphic design. These skills will benefit students not only in the workplace but also in their daily lives, allowing them to be more self sufficient and able to give back to their communities.

Photo of Enxhi Merpeza

How might we build creative confidence (in young people?)
Lacking confidence is an everyday issue that we all face, whether it’s a small task that slightly pangs us with humiliation or a performance in front of a large crowd that makes our stomachs twists up in knots, we sometimes lack confidence—it’s a human obstacle—and that’s okay. This human obstacle, whether socially constructed or embedded into our animal instincts of humility, exists to serve a purpose; but it’s also an obstacle with many solutions. The insecurity that comes with lacking self-confidence, fabricates somewhere between wanting to encourage others for being good at doing something and envying them for doing it better than yourself. This measure of skillset is all about personal perception as well—everyone measures creativity differently.
  This is the very problem that sparks self-confidence issues, comparing your skills to those of another’s. As much as you can test basic math skillset and who is faster at configuring the infinite digits of pi, comparing craft and creativity is not the same (not to say that mathematicians aren’t creative beings, because they are necessary to many forms of creativity). It would be difficult to compare a pop vocalist’s ability to an opera singer’s, just as it would be unjust to compare a contemporary artist to a baroque painter and uphold one as more creative than another—the techniques and styles are inherently different. Therefore, the only challenger in the game of creativity for young children SHOULD be self-improvement. YOU are your own challenge and no one else’s; in fact other’s successes should drive you as much as they inhibit you. Other’s success should never drive you, though one can and should draw inspiration from others—this is the basis of art and creativity itself—building new out of old, creating and recreating.
If we can convince the youth to think of creativity as something to be fostered internalized and exercised externally, we can also teach them that creativity is specific to each individual and not on a playing field with everyone else’s creativity. We should teach them to encourage one another but also to be inspired from one another—does this mean that we cannot praise one’s work without critiquing another’s in front of one another? NO. This simply means that we need to critique in a manner that isn’t discouraging but advice driven—critique with an assessment of what can be done to advance the project to another playing field, always keeping in mind that the playing field is in no way affiliated to another persons’ work. If as assessment and advice-driven critique is assembled in a way that says YOU ARE ONLY COMPETING WITH YOURSELF, most kids will always feel more accomplished and always feel that they are hitting a benchmark with each little advance they make in their work.
Overall, being brought up in a positive environment that teaches you “YES YOU CAN” as opposed to “YOU CAN DO BETTER THAN PERSON XYZ” it will allow children to gain self-respect and self-confidence that is not dependent on other’s perspectives of how they view their work. In addition, it will teach them to respect another’s work without drawing assessment to their own pieces—objectiveness is key in holding your own and possessing a healthy dose of self-confidence.

Photo of Jenna Rothstein

I think the most import thing to inspire confidence is having people to support you. The best thing that happened to me in my creative pursuits was having the support of my parents with my decision to go to art school. Their acceptance of my choices and belief in my capabilities has only led me to strive to become better at what I love to do. I can only hope that other people, creative or not, have similar support systems, because it is hard to see value in yourself when no one around you is invested in your development. Realistically, I know that most people do not have parents like mine, but that does not mean that a young person cannot have some sort of structure to look to for help. This can translate to creating communities of people, not necessarily parents, who invest time and friendship into young people and genuinely want to see them do well. I believe that for a child, there should be no limit to the number supportive people who care to see them succeed.

Photo of Zachary Kolodziej

Walking through a pathless woods, the possibilities for playful exploration are endless. Everything you come across you are discovering for the first time, every rock, tree, the layer of dirt on the ground is a new experience. Because the forrest is dense you are never sure what is behind the next tree. The sky starts to grow dark, the trees seem to close in on you. You begin to panic when you see a light. You start running through bushes and branches suddenly you are out of the wilderness. You are saved, you have found the light.

In this scenario, one has to trust their instincts. There are no rules and no boundaries. I believe this is where creative confidence begins: in a state where one can run wild and constantly find new experiences and ways of interacting with the environment.

I lived across from woods for most of my life. But in the daily routine of going to school there has always been very little time for totally free exploration like walking through woods, interacting with nature. I believe that we go to school to learn how to have conversations with other people, above all else. Just as we are curious about the world when walking through the woods, we bring curiosity to conversations when we engage our peers.

In building my creative confidence, the greatest tool I have received are the people around me who have conversed with me with the most trust and joy and open-mindedness. We seek most to react and be reacted to. I was lucky to live with a learning community in my freshman year - a program called Living Arts - which takes students from different ‘making’ disciplines and places them in the same dorm. Above all, this program gave me the chance to collaborate with others because we shared a space that inspired play. The lounge area below the dorm rooms for Living Arts is a large room with a projector, work tables, and portable white boards. More importantly, the room has many comfy chairs that are on wheels. For anyone new to the lounge, the first thing you do is push yourself across the room in a chair. This action instantly marks the space as a playful environment. Equally important were the resources of the ‘back room’, where art supplies and various tools were kept. Having access to these resources invited us to use the space for whatever creation we desired. At the end of the year, as a part of a group of four I put on a found object art gallery and performance piece in the lounge. The exhibition came out first from the found items my roommate and I had collected. Having these objects as inspiration filled me with creative confidence because of all the possible combinations we could create with them. Similarly, we used objects as inspiration for our performance, using the objects as a bridge between each other, a way to creative dialogue between us, through our interaction with the objects. We rehearsed the performance twice, both times totally improvised, and relied heavily on our connection with each other and the use of the objects to create the work. We asked for everyone to ‘bring out your ladders’ for the event and received about 50 ladders from dorm rooms to build a set for the gallery and performance. By having an engaged community, a variety of materials to work with, and a group of people ready to talk and listen to each others ideas, I was able to create an event with confidence and high creative energy.

Photo of Emily McGowan

For me, young people should be encouraged and supported in order to preserve their creative confidence. Being sensitive to something as small as (and as overlooked as) our vocabulary might be the first step. Something I have read which has resonated with me: intelligence is not fixed - when a child is told they are smart and good at math, they will begin to choose easier math problems instead of challenging ones. The student who has been told they are hard working will most likely try the challenging math problems. For me, creativity is not fixed either. Intelligence and creativity are malleable and ought to be regarded as so.
In regard to individual inspiration, support has recently, and perhaps always, been most important to me. I have been plein air painting with help from Janie Paul. Were it not for her support (knowledge, persistence, and compassion), I would genuinely be too insecure to continue painting. “Remember that Cezanne painted the same mountain over and over again!”

Photo of Michael Haupt

I think a lot about which can strip someone of his/her creative confidence is society’s perception of creativity and art itself. It seems like most people believe that there is this dichotomy between art and more rational pursuits where it doesn’t have to be. When someone determines that they are not artistic, they completely abandon any opinion or pursuit of artistic endeavors and delegate all those matters to people who are categorized as creative.
There was one situation where I was at a museum with other students. When we were analyzing some of the artwork, one girl proclaimed that she doesn’t have anything to say because she’s not artistic. I kept thinking to myself, “how can you have no opinion on how you feel about art? There’s not supposed to be a right or wrong answer.” Since most people think that art is something “frivolous” or “not worth pursuing” except for a select few who are exceptionally “good” at it, people begin to abandon any identification of being creative. I think in order to encourage creative confidence, we need to drop this dichotomy of creative vs. rational. It’s not one or the other, we can all be both.

Photo of Andrei Didyk

I guess, that the best way to save a creative inside a person.... is understanding that each person is unique and each has the own unique view of the world. I think, that any kind of competitions, any comparisons teach a children not to create, it is teach to be the best. Any kind of art is not a competition it is a freedom. Need to understand that the art is not only a painting, sculpting and dance! Art is everything. And above all the art is a thinking. It is not important what you do... more important how you do it...sometimes in making of sandwiches more art than in the exhibits in the museum.

If children paint... give them a brushes, paint and a place where they can do it and show it for free. let them paint the walls in the hallways, buildings, industrial plants....of course, according to preliminary sketches!!! I think that permissiveness is not a freedom, it is a bad taste :-))) !!! Open a public galleries where a everyone can show his art for free. If people dance, sing, playing music.... give them instruments and masters who can teach to dance, sing.... in the world a lot of charity organisations which can do it. A children do not needing a money... they need a freedom!!! Give them instruments, materials and knowledges for free and they will give you back much more!!!

Photo of Shirley Tan

I believe that we are all born creative. According to a longitudinal study spanning 22 years done by Torrance (1980), most children lose their creative tendencies around the time they enter fourth grade. Noted that this is about the time where the children are taught convergent solution which is necessary for grading purposes.

How then can we re-kindle this creative spark? Cutting across all the various creative theories - Pragmatic, Cognitive, Humanist, Psychometric, we can pretty much land ourselves with 3 key factors, that is Teaching, Environment and Teacher's Belief.

Not necessarily teaching, teaching per say but methods of re-kindling and drawing out the creative nature inherent in our children

A huge factor as one that is conducive and non-threatening will be a good place for creativity to be re-kindled.

Teacher's Belief:
The one who administer (parent or teacher) this must be a big believer that creativity can be re-kindled.

With these 3 factors in place, may I propose a segment of time, in non-gradable, non-judgmental environment that is to be an incubator for creativity to be re-kindled.

How can it be implemented?
Scenerio 1:
Creative Cave
A tent, a make belief cave that I co-create with my 9 year old. We come in and play, let our imagination run.... what happens in the cave?

Start with make believe stories....
Create characters...

The above are just an extract of what I have been thinking....
This is an area that greatly interest me both as an educator and parent. I do hope that we can continue to inspire and re-kindle the creative spark in everyone of us.

Photo of Jess Fox

This is a really interesting topic and one very relevant to myself. I consider myself a very creative and imaginative person but perhaps regularly lack the confidence to drive forward ideas.

One thing I often notice is that people seem to regularly insinuate that creativity is a physical thing. Something we can show or express. I believe everyone has creative potential. Often the core of creativity is in the thinking process; interpretation, processing, visualisation, expressionism; we all carry a unique set of skills. I have met very gifted artists and equally impressive mathematicians.

I believe recognising individualism early on, particularly in an educational environment is a very important key in unlocking creativity. I am a visual thinker, having this knowledge has empowered me to visualise my thinking processes and helped me to achieve my potential.

Children should know that creativity is captured and expressed in all subjects. I studied product design at University and have seen creative potential in everyone I met, I see creative potential in everyone. Design is a collaborative process, the end user is perhaps the most important element in this process. As designers we are given the skills set to act on the insights we gain in the design process.

Photo of Kami Shallenberger

I love this topic. I agree that encouragement, whether from a parent, sibling, friend, or teacher/mentor, is crucial not only from a young age but into adulthood. I strongly believe that kids also need to be free to be kids. From my own experience, I needed to have unstructured time to play outside, away from technology, where kids are free and challenged to use their imagination to entertain themselves, and dream up their own ideas.

Photo of My Hanh Tran

Creativity brings out uniqueness in an individual. Encourage children to build their creative confidence not only help to boost up their self-esteem but also helping them to discover and nurture their talented gifts as they grow older. Society needs great ideas and brave individuals to make the world a better place to live in.

Photo of chang liu

We know creativity is very important, and so is the creative confidence. Only with creative confidence can one try his new ideas out. But creative confidence does not come from nothing, I think first the encouragement is needed in the process of learning and creating, and second, with a full understand and comprehend of the field you are working on will certainly help to build the confidence when new ideas carried out.

Photo of Congmin Liang

I like the idea what the writer made, and I also think it is a great challenge over here. I agree with Mengyuan that we should not only cultivate young people the creative confidence, we should cultivate all age people in the society about it. We should let everyone understand how importance of creative confidence and what they have right now. Yes, it is very important to cultivate young people creative confidence. Those young people will make more benefits to the society, and they could also influence their parents.

Photo of chang liu

don't you think leader is a very important point in this topic? My imagination and creativity in my boyhood was denisd by ruthless teacher. so, school and education is important

Photo of Danny White

This has to be my most favorite.
I don't have any children yet, but I am already pondering ways to keep their creative juices fresh and roaring.
I will keep up with this and look forward to what will come!

Photo of 畅 Leo 刘

Young is the capital

Photo of Teng Zhang

This is great topic. Inspiring children's creativity is very important. Children are the future of this world, so if they are creative the world will became more creative.

Photo of Nabeel Adeni

Building Creative Confidence in young people is the need of the hour. It's great initiative by IDEO and kudos to the Tom & David for bringing out this subject into the open.

I consider Creative Confidence to be at Level 5- Self Actualization of Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Maslow had rightly pointed out that "What a man can be, he must be". It's unfortunate that many of us have to be in pursuit of our basic needs- physiological, safety, love, esteem for most part of our lives and hence, hardly get to reach Level 5.

Self-confidence precedes Creative Confidence. Therefore, it's vital to work towards the former from a very early age. Planting seeds of Self-confidence helps to grow fruits of Creative confidence.

Creative Confidence is a meta-skill and needs to be kept active through continual application in diverse situations.

For example: Sketching, which is a powerful visual tool that can be applied across different settings and situations. One of the ways it can be applied is for taking notes or jotting down minutes of a meeting. This makes it easy to comprehend the flow of the meeting and go about performing the actions as discussed/delegated (which happens to be the main objective of the meeting anyway!)

Photo of Fei Xin

Creative Confidence is really necessary for people. Not only for young people, but also for adults. We should certainly cultivate young people the creative confidence, so when the young people grow up, they will become successful leaders. However, no matter how old are you, people still need the creative confidence. I agree with that "Creativity lies at the heart of innovation – without creativity, we can’t design new ideas, tools or solutions to meet our world’s most pressing challenges. " With the rapid development of society, we must create new thing to meet our needs. So the people create high technology products, such as iPhone, iPad and so on. In order to be better life, people should have creative confidence to innovation, then contribute to society. We should encourage each other to get creative confidence.

Photo of Tim Stutt

Creative confidence is so important, and the challenge is not just for youth and students, but also for adults/coaches/mentors/teachers. There could be a lot of impact in coaching and teaching adults who work directly with youth on not only how to encourage creativity and risk taking but also on how to model and exemplify these characteristics in their own work and life. In other words, by giving youth more role models and direct connections who embody courage it becomes more possible for us all to be more courageous together.

Photo of mengyuan chen

I agree with the idea that “creative confidence is the ability to come up with new ideas and the courage to try them out”. But i think we should not only cultivate young people' creative confidence but also elder people. I think if young people's parents understand the importance of creative confidence and they also have that confidence, they would have a good way to educate their children. Therefore, young people would gain more benefits from that rather than inspire themselves. This would be a win-win game.

Photo of Patty Rangel

I've been thinking about this because I grew up in the days of black and white photos in textbooks that were over 5 years old. If I wanted to research, I went to the library and looked it up in the encyclopedia. If concepts were too difficult, I had to wait until my parents or teacher could have a one-on-one with me, and then hopefully their explanation would be my AHA moment. I wish computers and the internet would have been around when I was a kid. However, it seems that curiosity lead me to become a self-taught student. I realized I am highly visual and learn faster/retain information longer when I see ideas, concepts and designs in 3D.

I believe Simulation Based Learning is the way to go, integrated with an open source virtual world platform that allows students to interact and learn in a gaming environment. I suggest that the learning modules be dynamic, so as the classes are being taught, the content is being built by the students and upon templates/virtual builds of the class that came before.

The platform would need to be multi-functional, so as to incorporate some aspects of the format/tools that uses, a section for live twitter feed, another for webcasting/Skype-like sessions, a whiteboard, ability to upload presentations and monitor users in the room, and a link that opens a virtual world viewer.

In the hardware area and for faster learning, I would integrate a head-mounted AR and/or VR display (googles, glasses, something light-weight and wireless) . Full immersion leads to accelerated learning. Tie in some multi-sensory tech (like scent and magnetic sound induction) and you have learning modules that create long-term memory imprints. Scent reaches the brain the fastest. Magnetic sound induction can be incorporated into the chairs and with a localized sound saucer above it (check out Brown Innovations). The sound will be localized to the soundscape that the student wishes to have during their learning session, and it could incorporate binaural beats in Alpha frequency to make them focused and alert.

Photo of Harris Bostic

Respect begets Confidence that leads to Creativity...!

Bravo to the Kelley's for such a spot-on study of motivating creativity in youth. I've always believe if youth first have Respect or oneself and others that will lead to confidence that will surely result in creativity to make this a better world!

Listen and Learn Young People: before you can unleash your creativity talents, before you can surmount the negative energy and insecurity that abound, before you can go out into the world to make it a little or a lot better, you must, I dare say must, first respect yourself and others. Does this sound simple, does this sound hard, does this ring true does this ring too loudly, does this matter, does it not? Yes, No, Maybe, Maybe Not...that's for you to say. So have your say. But first, have respect for yourself and others and you will see the world open to you and your infinite creativity. Here are just seven steps to lead you there:

Respect and Confidence beget Creativity:
-Be passionate about something
-Learn a poem by heart
-Learn to simply say, “I’m Sorry!
-Learn to cook at least two dishes very well
-Create something
-Give up your seat to someone in need
-Learn to defend yourself.

I know adults seem old, unhip and just not with it...but I challenge you young people to see beyond that and listen and heed our advice. We already have been where you are now; you haven't been were we are, yet. And certainly we want you to get there.

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Creative and Confident young people is a good idea. But this can also implemented on old people too.
or visit it contain some tutorial to make yourself more confident

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Creative efforts by young people must be applauded just the way we applaud comments on this site. Recognition is probably the best way to motivate young minds. Every small achievement or success should be celebrated and these young people should be treated like celebrities in their own communities. Something on the lines of CNN Heroes or may be displaying their names on village squares or libraries. Creating a new tradition to honor them in whatever form would go a long way in keeping their interests as well as attracting new breed of creative talents.

Today is my first day on this site and I'm loving this.

Photo of Lauren Thomas

Confidence for a creative person can be influenced by the presence of ADHD. I was late to figure this out and suffered quietly through my first university degree. I hid my poor grades because I felt ashamed and stupid. I was studying sciences when I was really meant to be in the arts. After I figured out that I had ADHD, I started learning about how to manage it and the advantages of having a brain like mine. I sought counselling to learn study methods and following these efforts, I experienced my first wave of straight A's. It was validating to know I wasn't stupid, my brain just worked differently. As I moved into a creative field, I brought the skills I learned with me and used a lot of positive affirmation and concentration techniques to boost my confidence along with my growing skill set. I was a long journey to confidence but it was also a very active and deliberate one. I am very glad I put in the work to become a confident person.

Photo of Diana Voronec

Even as an adult I feel pressured by people around me that are better at design thinking, sketching, engineering and so on… It would be awesome to find a solution in boosting creative confidence in my own self as well as to help others. Judgement free zone is great, but how about self-judgement. If anyone knows how to overcome that, please let me know

Photo of Enrico Sinatra

Diana, draw, like drawn very bad, very very bad... and smile nothing else, this is how I started... as well I read a good book, Betty Edwards drawing with the right part of the brain.. or something ( I read in Italian) and try to find that would like work in team with you, even on internet, even me... most thing easy are like video clip, are like easy to make, and all your friends all time say... you are soo good... ( that s true) make a stop motion and everyone will look you like a genius... plus if a engineering is not able to teach you, it is 'cose is not good... (Einstein say that... and I really think I have few reason to belive him) sketching... think about the artist.. momo, no, Basquiat, sketch like him... he was not so good in drawing with pantone, was immeditely nervous, and was communicate pretty well, and all super critic " this drawn express a quanutuum energy... " can you immagine this posh people talk? :D ,... and you feel are not good... you are super good, even how you make the photo of your profile, blonde, with a typography t-shirt, that express very well your talent about graphic, plus your photo in balanced well between black and white, and mostly you didn't use nay of this PS, to adjust.. you make just in natural behaviou, because your aesthetic skills are so strong, strong than wathever computer. keep in touch, and I will ask your help next time I write whatever project in this comunity. ;)

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You have to have the mindset of not editing yourself. Let go of the 'less than' thinking and run with the thought or idea to its conclusion. It's a discipline. Argue for your limits and they become real. How many tales are out there of actual breakthrough ideas that were realized in spite of being dismissed by others because of a lack of vision? Creative people are misunderstood and often shunned by the ordinary and the non-creative.

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If this stuff was easy, everybody would do it. Cutting edge thinking requires sharp saw teeth. Each tooth can be viewed as a characteristic of the design team or the inventor. Creativity, sweat, drive, belief, persistence, vision, risk, intuition, synergy, imagination, confidence, inspiration, validation, anticipation, collaboration, walking the tightrope...... all of these and more are the individual "teeth" on the saw of our cutting edge thinking. The more teeth you have and the sharper they are, the better the cutting process goes.

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I think that this is the perfect audience to answer this question. Many people answering this are university students who have been distraught in the past because we have ran across a time in school earlier in our lives when we felt insecure about our confidence. I think there are some similar experiences we can all draw on but at the same time everyone has a unique perspective to follow.

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I really enjoyed the video and how you related even some of the most simple tasks (such as doing one's homework, or throwing a party) to things that can be done differently if they are approached with a creative mind.

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What would you attempt to do if you knew you could not fail? Positive beliefs play a major role in the creative process. Combining confidence and perseverance in spite of headwinds is critical. One way to cultivate confidence is to focus less on labeling things as a success or a failure and more on the process that brings about results. Exploration brings about the magic. The destination should be emphasized less and what is discovered and learned on the journey should get the majority of focus and attention without judgment, counterproductive editing or premature criticism. Instead of trail and error, look at it as trial and results, where less than desirable results can be refined, polished and enhanced by what is learned along the way.

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A little late to the challenge, but I'm writing as I'm inspired by my 5 1/2 and 3 year olds dancing in my living room. My wish and idea is to create virtual time capsules of my children's creativity -- bottle their unbridled, uncensored creativity now to show them and inspire them later when it flows a little less easily. Sure, I have a hard drive now that houses the video files and photos from my phone, but an electronic "scrapbook" that showcases their creativity, designed to be a recharge them in their teenage years... well, that would be terrific.

Photo of Molly  Schmidt


Your comment popped up on the activity feed at the same time that our team has been discussing how we want to frame kid's profile pages with activity badges on our online platform concept. Right now we are thinking about having a multiple intelligence badge system, that as kids complete 'games' on the platform they will begin a 'pathway' down one of the intelligence routes. Kid's game projects will be uploaded to the game pages for documentation and sharing with other kids around the world.

We are working on visualizing how this would look now, but we would love it if you wanted to give us feedback on our idea, and tell us a little bit more about how you would imagine 'documenting' an electronic scrapbook of their accomplishments!

Please post on our page so we can start a discussion with the entire team!

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Hello! I'm new in this great community . Could you please give some help about how I can upload my ideas about this challenge ? Thanks !

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I face a creativity crisis nearly everyday, because I'm insecure and feel exactly as described in the brief; that there is always going to be someone better...
Well, I gotta say I feel inspired now by this challenge. I intend to work on this challenge too! It feels good to know that I am not alone, perhaps whilst helping others, I can find a solution to help myself?
Using whatever skills I have, however unrefined, I hope to help out and contribute to this very special project.

Photo of Enrico Sinatra

Bianca you are a genius! many people are insecure, you are not the only one... and more your spirit your way to write (scientific dimostration) are proof that you are more talented than the majority. Just show how beautiful you are (I meand skills, brain, math, creativity) because you are. and by the way untill now. this is one of the best post I read it.

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Dropping my science degree and background for a moment with a personal experience that led to my growth and development toward the creative person I am today (or so I would like to hope!).

The path that led to my embracing and respecting creativity, as well as enabling the confidence to do so, began as a child when my mother and father raised my sister and I exposed to the full environment around us in the Bahamas. We would work and play outside, explore the flora and fauna, watch the clouds, the stars and all the things around us that expanded that initial curiosity as an observer of such wonders; however, our creativity and confidence in its exploration truly sparked when our mother pulled those experiences into stories she would create with my sister and I as main characters, regardless of whether we were a spider, a bee, a bird, or an alien from another star!

I don't expect everyone to be able to grow up the same way; however, recognizing oneself as a participant in the the world surrounding them vs. merely as an observer is, in my humble opinion, the first step in empowering a child or teen to build confidence to explore their curiosity and develop the confidence to do so. Unless this is overcome early, it might make a very difficult path for one to become a free-wielding innovator of creative license.

To me then, the question is how can such opportunities be created that facilitate that change from an observer to a participant in a child or teen, in addition to providing a methodology or solution to then foster and mentor that spark after such a transition.

Just my two cents as I'm beginning my OpenIDEO journey and looking forward to learning more here!

Photo of Clint Artes

Hi. I'd like to challenge the brief in one particular factor: Age bias.

I have not read your book yet, and I expect that you have addressed the right-brain lying dormant in many of us (current) adults, waiting for the opportunity to express itself.

I realise that the challenge is worded to focus on our youth/kids - and the inspirations/ideas talk to that focus. However I find it sad when I read about older folk finding their writing/drawing/dancing 'gift' only after they retire or their significant other passes away (or some other late-life serendipity happens).

I think the challenge should have focused on unlocking the "I'm not creative" in our peers, as well as protecting it in our kids. Imagine a future world where OUR generation has had creativity unlocked, and we become the Da Vinci's of the new age...

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i thought which play they have to do is not so important
as i think, the thing is they can overcome the circumstance "themselves". Like disassembling watch, lego. This kind of thing can minimize intervention of teacher.

Actually, i think that I can't know what they can learn from these activity. Maybe I can intend some lesson. Then what is different to what we've learned before.. i don't know.

So I thought what we can do is preparing "minimum".
thank you for reading :)

Photo of Alaine Newland

I am very intrigued by the distinction between "artistic" and "creative"... not all children are naturally artistic but surely they deserve to have their creative confidence nourished. These are kids that can't draw but they can build (they are making things out of pvc or playing with 2x4s in the backyard) and they are our future engineers. The are kids who can't paint but perhaps they are creative thinkers (teaching themselves code or selling tshirts out of their garage) and they will be our future entrepreneurs. They are youth who aren't interested in art history but they love to write (blogging every day, filling notebooks with short stories, they will be our future best sellers). These are all valid creative outlets that often are not nourished by parents or programs in schools. These are missed opportunities for our youth.

I think Daniel makes an fantastic point above that "every field can benefit from increased creative confidence, as it is the first step towards innovation." but I disagree with him that this challenge should be limited to only artistic endeavors. There are so many youth who, if given the proper forum, tools and mentors, would discover an innate ability to build, or write or think outside of the box.

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Interesting - Can BETA OPENIDEO survive 1000 inspirations ?

Yesterday I edit my inspiration about "Karel the robot" and it simply disappear.

Today I click Applause on couple new inspirations and it takes AGES (more the15 seconds) to apply.

It's getting worse and worse :-(

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Hey Rudolf, have you found a pattern of which type of inspirations made to the further stages. Any patterns?

Photo of Ashley Jablow

Hi Rudolf – sorry to hear you've had trouble submitting inspirations! The site has been straining a bit over the last few weeks but we've recently done some maintenance and it should be moving faster now. If you're still having trouble, be sure to submit a ticket to our helpdesk by clicking the Support tab on the left side of the screen. Hope to see you in the Ideas phase!

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Congratulation, we have 1000 inspiration!

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I'm attempting to start an Ipad Orchestra. No musical experience required. Just need an Ipad loaded with Garage Band and a good internet connection.
If you are interested please inquire. Details will follow.
Purpose: To be a participant not an observer and discover creative confidence through spontaneity.

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It's interesting to think about the role of creativity as a factor in supporting 'success' - be it personal or business. To my mind this is about how flexible our thinking can be, and is one strategy for promoting resilience. If we can support flexible thinking at an early age, there's a good chance we are also supporting resilience as well as future innovation. I look forward to taking part in this challenge!

Photo of Rachael Tachie-Menson

This truly cuts to the core of what IDEO's mission is about and addresses a really important question that we have to respond to on a scale that has true impact on the ways we think about education and innovation for this and future generations. I'm excited to participate and am looking forward to experiencing this unravel! Thank you!

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I am so impressed by the idea, I was introversive when young, afraid of people's critical and dared not to try new things. If I knew this concept earlier, it will be a great help!!

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I like the metaphor of muscle here and the example questions that asks about factors that break the muscle. It almost implies a certain type of training to fight against the fear of failure or being judged, while at the same time you can't just be ignorant. So to have a strong but yet flexible muscle isn't easy and I'm looking forward to want come out of this!

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Awesome brief. The questions are very compelling. Excited to contribute and in the process, learn how I might develop my creative confidence.

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The challenge topic is very interesting. The current young generation are the innovators and leaders of tomorrow and their creative potential does matter in shaping the future. Increased exposure to collaborative platforms and spaces with positive support from peers, parents etc can influence creativity.

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Teach that collaboration rewards all, competition rewards half.

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Hi Tom and David,

Thanks for nice challenge.

May be moto show us where is gap in our "design thinking who range from kindergarteners to senior executives."

May be we can remove executives from "senior executives" leaving just seniors ?

I am dyslectic trying to help twice exceptional visually gifted kids and I see in last few years then many research outcomes used primarily for DYSlexia and Autistics kids being reused for retired seniors to prevent or to slow down Dementia and Alazhmer.

At least in Europe there are many Senior oriented Activation Programs, some of them are like mirror clone of activities done in kindergartens.

May be key is here then senior have a plenty of free time and they can help us to ruin a myth then ADULT are not PLAY :-)