Dagu is an institution of information exchange system among the Afar. Modern social services such as facebook, cellphone, and telephone facilities are lacking among the Afar people in Ethiopia. An important traditional mechanism that the people use as a replacement for modern communication technology is the Dagu. Dagu resembles modern news communication in several ways. Even if the information doesn’t reach a large mass simultaneously, it is meant to reach a considerable portion of the population within a short period of time. The swiftness of Dagu is indeed remarkable. It can spread to a high number of people within few days. As for that reason, Dagu is appropriate and unfailing source of information in effective way for those rural and remote area of people all over the world to disseminate COVID-19 in consistent manner. Many Afars describe dagu as ‘our telephone’. Those Afar people whose are educated, compared it with the Internet. ‘Dagu is the Internet of the Afar people. Information is transmitted in the form of relay where an Afar must quickly share anything new to another Afar on his way to daily practice. When two Afar people meet, they sit down and spend some time(usually about half an hour or more) discussing the major economic, social and political events that took place recently in their respective localities. This takes place all the time without exception: whether the individuals knew each other previously or not is immaterial. It does not matter if one is in a hurry or not. A stranger who make shis way to Afar land is also expected to adopt the system and behave in a similar fashion.
Dagu functions within a defined set of regulations and expectations, though the rules are necessarily unwritten. The law of dagu means that whenever you meet someone on the road who has travelled reasonably far, say from a nearby village, you are required to pause and engage in a news exchange session.
Failure to pass on relevant information is not only an offence to the conversation partner, but a harm to the community. To this end, misuse of dagu is subject to punishment within customary law (Mada’a), which has a prominent place in the Afar culture. Anyone who passes on unchecked information, for instance, is punished according to the Mada’a. Disseminating false or fabricated information is unforgivable. As for that reason, Dagu is protected from falsehood and inaccurate information through its cultural mechanisms, and that it is very much related to issues of identity, security and communal welfare beyond communication.