So far the most effective mean of prevention of the above diseases are protections against contact w. the disease-carrying mosquito & limiting their habitat/growth
Below summarise: 1. What make you a target for mosquito bite; 2. The common methods to prevent mosquito, 3. How to limit their habitat/ growth based on learning from Yellow Fever, Dengue and Chikungunya.
1. What make you a Target:
Co2, Heat, Lactic Acide, Dark colour/ Black outfit.
2. How to Prevent:
a. Insect Repellent on Skin/ on Cloth, e.g. DEEP (DEET works by blocking a mosquito's CO2 receptors. ), Picaridin, oil of Lemon eucalyptus, or IR3535PMD...etc.
b. Cover up: particularly high-tech athletic apparel—tend to be woven tightly enough to keep mosquitos out. Any garment that offers sun protection will also have a tight enough weave to block bites.
c. Dress in light colour.
d. Keep Mosquitos outside.
e. Using Fan to break up Co2/ blow them away ( they are weak flyer).
3. How to limit growth/ habitat of Mosquitos:
a. This means finding and eliminating standing water, which serves as an ideal breeding ground for mosquitoes. ( especially they don't fly far... )
b. Use of insecticide to kill them all....